Category «Holocaust Victims»

Heinrich Himmler

Win the world’s biggest jackpot Heinrich Luitpold Himmler ( Munich , October 7, 1900 – Lueneburg , May 23, 1945) was a Nazi officer senior, Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (SS), and one of the main leaders of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) during the Nationalist regime. The Nazi leader Adolf Hitler appointed for a short period …

Rudolf Kastner

Israel Rudolf Kastner 1 (1906-15 March 1957) was a journalist and lawyer Hungarian – Jew who became known for helping Jews escape from occupied Hungary by Nazi Germany during the Holocaust . He was assassinated in 1957 after an Israeli court accused him of collaborating with the Nazis. Along with Joel Brand , Kastner was …

Ben Hecht

Ben Hecht (n. 28 of February of 1894 – 18 of April of 1964 ) was a writer , film director , producer, playwright and novelist American . Called “the Shakespeare of Hollywood”, received credit on the screen, alone or in collaboration, for the stories or scripts of some 70 films. As a prolific author, …

Joel Brand

Joel Brand ( 25 of April of 1906 – 13 of July of 1964 ) was a Jewish Hungarian who became known for his role during the Holocaust while trying to save the Hungarian Jewish community from deportation to the concentration camp at Auschwitz . Described by historian Yehuda Bauer as a valiant adventurer who …

Leopold Obermayer

Leopold Obermayer ( Wuerzburg , the October as maypole as 1892 – KZ Mauthausen , on 22 February as as 1943 ) was persecuted by Jewish and homosexual during Nazism . Obermayer, who was a Swiss citizen, was a Doctor of Law and a wine merchant in Würzburg. He was arrested in October 1934; Initially …

Helene Metzger

Hélène Metzger ( 26 of August of 1889 – 7 of March of 1944 ) was a philosopher of the science , chemistry and French scientific historian . 1 His writings deal mainly with the history of chemistry . Due to its Jewish origin, it was deported during the Second World War to the concentration …

August L. Mayer

August Liebmann Mayer ( Griesheim , 1885 – Auschwitz , 1944) was an historian of German art and Hispanist , a specialist in Spanish painting of the Golden Age . Disciple of Heinrich Wölfflin (1864-1945), prominent representative of the formalist current , Mayer was the first to apply a modern methodology to the study of …

Georg Hornstein

Georg Hornstein ( Berlin , December 8, 1900 – Buchenwald concentration camp , Germany, September 3, 1942) was a Jewish resistance fighter in Nazi Germany . The recognition of his Jewish heritage, which he himself made in 1942 during his captivity by the Gestapo , has often been cited as an example of Jewish resistance …

Kornél Havasi

Kornél Havasi ( Budapest , October to January of 1892 – Austria , 15 of January of 1945 ) was a chess player Hungarian . He came to be in the 24th place in the world. 1 Biography In 1911 he won the Budapest tournament , in 1912 he was 9th in the Hungarian Championship …

Fritz Grünbaum

Fritz Grünbaum ( 7 of April of 1880 – 14 of January of 1941 ) was a cabaret performer, librettist of operettas and song writer, director, actor and emcee of Austrian nationality. Biography Born in Brno , in the present Czech Republic , his real name was Franz Friedrich Grünbaum. In his childhood and adolescence …

Mordechaj Gebirtig

Mordechai Gebirtig (his real name was Mordche Bertig , Krakow , then Austro – Hungarian Empire , 4 of maypole of 1877 – Krakow ghetto , 4 of June of 1942 ) was a carpenter , poet , composer and militant socialist Polish who wrote in Yiddish . 1 Biodata By profession he was a …

Karol Piltz

Karol Piltz ( 1903 – 1939 ) was a Polish chess player . He represented Poland at the unofficial I Chess Olympiad in Paris , 1924 , 1 tying in the 3rd to 7th places at the Polish Chess Championship in Warsaw in 1926 (the champion was Dawid Przepiórka ), and tied at 17th places …

Anna Sophia Polak

Anna Sophia Polak ( Rotterdam , Netherlands , 27 of April of 1874 – Auschwitz , Poland – 26 of February of 1943 ) was one feminist and writer of Dutch origin Jew . 1 She was director of the National Office of the Work of the Woman of 1908 to 1936 . She died …

Charlotte Salomon

Charlotte Salomon , painter Jewish origin German , was born in Berlin on 16 of April of 1917 and was killed by gas in the concentration camp of Auschwitz , the October of October of 1943 , at the age of 26 years. Biography Children and youth in Berlin His father, Albert Salomon, was a …

Joseph Schmidt

Joseph Schmidt (Davideny, Empire Austro – Hungarian , 4 of March of 1904 – Hinwil , Switzerland , 16 of November of 1942 ) was a tenor Austro-Romanian, of ease in the high register holder of an intuitive and easy song. Son of orthodox Jews , from very young sang in choirs and could develop …

Felice Schragenheim

Rachel Felice Schragenheim ( Berlin , 9 of March of 1922 – possibly in early 1945 in transport to Bergen-Belsen ) was one journalist German , who died in the genocide against the Jews organized by the Nazis . Posthumously he achieved fame as protagonist of the book Aimée and Jaguar of Erica Fischer and …

Enzo Sereni

Enzo Haim Sereni ( Rome , 17 of April of 1905 – Dachau concentration camp , 18 of November of 1944 ) was a scholar, writer and partisan Italian Zionist , co – founder of Kibbutz Givat Brenner , and shot by the Nazis in Poland . He was brother of Emilio Sereni (1907-1977), partisan, …

Else Ury

Else Ury ( 1 of November of 1877 , Berlin (Germany) , 13 of January of 1943 , extermination camp of Auschwitz (Poland) ). She was a German writer of children’s literature, especially popular in her native country for the series of stories titled Nesthäkchen , starring her main character, the girl Annemarie Braun . …

Arthur Wellin

Arthur Wellin ( 31 as October as 1880 – maybe 1941 ) was a German film director and actor, active in the era of silent film . Biography His real name was Arthur Lewin, who changed at an early age to hide his Jewish roots, and was born in Berlin , Germany . Before World …

Yva

Yva , whose real name was Else Ernestine Neulander-Simon ( Berlin , 26 of January of 1900 – concentration camp Majdanek , 1942 ) was one photographer German . 1 2 She was the youngest daughter in a Jewish family with nine children. His family was engaged in the making , his father being a …

Ruth Maier

Ruth Maier (November 10, 1920, Vienna, Austria – December 1, 1942, Auschwitz, Poland) was an Austrian woman who wrote journals telling about her experience during the Holocaust in Austria and Norway. Her writings were published in 2007, and she is described as “Anne Frank of Norway”. Youth Ruth Maier was born in Vienna to a …

Chaim Rumkowski

Mordechai Chaim Rumkokski ( 27 of February of 1877 – 28 of August of 1944 ) was a businessman Jew who served as chairman of the Judenrat , or Jewish Council governing Ghetto Lodz ( Poland ) during the time of the Nazi Holocaust . Chaim Rumkowski was, before the German invasion of Poland, a …

Elise Richter

Elise Richter ( Vienna , 2 March as as 1865 – 21 as June as 1943 ) was a philologist Austrian . She was one of the first women to obtain a doctorate in the University of Vienna , and was the only woman who held an academic position in an Austrian university before the …

Helga Hošková-Weissová

Helga Hošková-Weissová (1929) is a Czech artist and a survivor of the Holocaust. She was raised in Prague and, on November 4, 1941, she was taken with her parents to the Terezin concentration camp , also known as the Theresienstadt concentration camp. 1 2 Once there they were separated, although in the end it was …

Milutin Ivković

Milutin Ivković ( Serbian Cyrillic : Mилутин Ивкoвић, Belgrade , Kingdom of Serbia , 3 of March of 1906 – Jajinci , Kingdom of Yugoslavia , 23 of maypole of 1943 ), also known as Milutinac was a footballer Yugoslav playing as a defender . National team He has been international with the selection of …

Czesława Kwoka

Czesława kwoka ( Wolka Złojecka , Poland , 15 of August of 1928 – Auschwitz , December to March of 1943 ) was a Catholic Polish girl who died in the concentration camp of Auschwitz at the age of 14 years. 1 History She photographed at Auschwitz by Wilhelm Brasse . She was one of …

Anna Frank

Annelies Marie Frank , known in Spanish as Anne Frank ( Frankfurt , December of June of 1929 – Bergen-Belsen , March 1945 ), 1 Note 1 was a girl Jewish German, known worldwide thanks to the Diary of Anne Frank , editing in book form of his diary, where he recorded the nearly two …

François Englert

François Englert ( Brussels , 6 of November of 1932 ) is a theoretical physicist Belgian , professor emeritus of the Free University of Brussels (ULB), where he is a member of Theoretical Physics Service. He is also Professor Sackler for Special Designation at the School of Physics and Astronomy at Tel Aviv University , …

Robert Desnos

Robert Desnos ( Paris , 4 of July of 1900 – Theresienstadt concentration camp , 8 of June of 1945 ) was a poet surrealist French and a member of the French Resistance during World War II . Biography Robert Pierre Desnos was born in Paris in the year 1900. He left his studies at …

Enrica Calabresi

Enrica Calabresi (November 10, 1891, Ferrara – January 20, 1944) was one zoologist  Italian , herpetologist and entomologist. His family was part of the Jewish community, playing an important role in Ferrara, continuously since the Middle Ages. Enrica graduated from the University of Florence in natural sciences on July 1, 1914, with a thesis on …

Eugen Burg

Eugen Burg ( 6 as January as 1871 – 17 as April as 1944 1 ) was a German actor and film director. Biography His real name was Eugen Hirschburg, born in Berlin , Germany , in a family of Jewish origin, although he later converted to Protestantism . 2 Eugen Burg was already 43 …

Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński

Tadeusz Kamil Marcjan Żeleński (better known by his pseudonym , Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński , 21 of December of 1874 – 4 of July of 1941 ) was a gynecologist , writer , poet , critic and translator Polish , mainly known for his translations of over a hundred Classical literary French to Polish . Boy, a …

Arthur Bergen

Arthur Bergen ( 24 as October as 1875 – 1943 ) was an Austrian actor and film director. Biography Its artistic debut took place in 1894 in the Theater of Meiningen . In 1904 he acted in Berlin , working in the Berliner Theater and the Trianon, also assuming functions of direction. In 1913 he …

Harry Baur

Harry Baur (full name: Henri-Marie Baur ., N Paris , December to April of 1880 . – F Paris , 8 of April of 1943 ) was a film actor French . Biography His film career received a boost thanks to his participation in several films by Julien Duvivier . He was very popular in …