Category «Eugenics»

Eugenics in United States

Win the world’s biggest jackpot The Eugenics in the United States has played a significant role in the history and culture of this country. The eugenics , defined as the study and practice of the “improvement” of the characteristics genetic of human through breeding and selective sterilization populations was practiced in the United States many …

Liberal Eugenics

Eugenics liberal or new eugenics is a term that designates a proto-scientific study on the non-coercive use of reproductive and genetic technologies to perfect humans in their biological qualities and characteristics. 1 2 3 4 5 Use of the term The term does not necessarily imply that its advocates are politically or economically liberal in …

Eugen Fischer

Eugen Fischer ( 5 of July of 1874 – 9 of July of 1967 ) was a scientist, a professor of medicine , anthropology and eugenics German Nazi . During World War II he was responsible for studying racial hygiene to send the Jews to exterminate. The racially defective the bastards and the mentally ill …

Francis Galton

Francis Galton (/ frɑːnsɪs gɔːltn̩ /) ( Sparkbrook , Birmingham , 16 as February as 1822 – Haslemere , Surrey , 17 as January as 1911 ) was a polymath , anthropologist , geographer , explorer , inventor , meteorologist , statistician , psychologist and eugenicist British with A broad spectrum of interests. He did …

Madison Grant

Madison Grant ( New York , 19 November as as 1865 – ibid , 30 as maypole as 1937 ) was a lawyer American , best known for his work as a eugenicist and conservationist . As an eugenicist, he authored one of the most famous works of scientific racism and played an active role …

Human Betterment Foundation

The Human Betterment Foundation or HBF was a US eugenic organization established in Pasadena , California in 1928 by ES Gosney with the aim of “promoting and assisting creative andeducational forces for the protection and improvement of the family Human body, mind, character , and citizenship . “It served primarily to collect and distribute information …

Julian Huxley

Julian Sorell Huxley ( London , 22 of June of 1887 – 14 of February of 1975 ) was a biologist evolutionary , writer , humanist , eugenics internationalist British , known for his contributions to the popularization of science through books and lectures. 1 was the first director of UNESCO and was named British …

David Starr Jordan

David Starr Jordan (Gainesville, State of New York , 19 of January of 1851 – Stanford , 19 of September of 1931 ) was a naturalist , ichthyologist , pacifist one American . It was the main ichthyologist of the early twentieth century. He wrote 650 articles and books on the subject, besides exercising as …

The fake measure of man

The Mismeasure of Man (original title in English The Mismeasure of Man ) is a book published in 1981 by the paleontologist from Harvard University , Stephen Jay Gould . It is a history and critique of the methods and motivations on which biological determinism is based, the belief that “social and economic differences between …

The Kallikak family

The Kallikak Family: A study of heredity of mental weakness ( The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness , in English)a book written by 1912 is psychologist and eugenicist American Henry H. Goddard . The work was an extensive case study by Goddard on the inheritance of ” mental weakness ,” an …

World League for Sexual Reform

World League for Sexual Reform on a scientific basis (full name in German Weltliga für Sexualreform auf sexualwissenschaftlicher Grundlage , English, World league for sexual reform on scientific basis ) was an association created in 1928, during a conference on the sexual reform held in Copenhagen . The directors of the league were the German …

Barbarian Mexico

Barbarian Mexico is the title of an essay written in 1908 by the American journalist John Kenneth Turner ,dedicatedto making known in the United States the events that occurred in Mexico at that time, describing the human slavery that was practiced during the government of Porfirio Díaz in places like Yucatan and Valle Nacional . …

Movement for Voluntary Human Extinction

The Voluntary Human Extinction Movement (English Voluntary Human Extinction Movement or VHEMT , Note 1 for short) is an environmental movement based in the United States that calls all people to refrain from playing to cause Gradual and voluntary extinction of humanity . VHEMT supports the extinction mainly because this would prevent the environmental degradation. …

Operation Hands On

Operation Bootstrap ( Operation Bootstrap ) is the name with which the ambitious project that began the industrialization of Puerto Rico at the end of World War II was known . 1 2 Denomination and economic situation The first to use this denomination was the first governor of Puerto Rico , Luis Muñoz Marín in …

Racialism

The racialism , also known as scientific racism is a belief that advocates the existence of human races which would present relevant differences between them that would result in cultural, economic and political mainly land. Description A priori racialism does not necessarily imply the idea of ​​superiority of some races over others, as racism advocates, …

Lothrop Stoddard

Theodore Lothrop Stoddard ( Massachusetts , 1883 1 -1950) 2 was a historian , eugenicist , three publicist and lawyer 4 American, advocate white supremacy in May and representative of scientific racism . 6 His work was influenced by that of Madison Grant and shared features with that of Joseph Arthur de Gobineau . 7 …

Serge Voronov

Serge Abrahamovitch Voronoff ( Russian , Сергей Абрамович Воронов ; c.10 July, 1866 – September 3, 1951) was a French surgeon of Russian roots who gained fame for his technique of transplanting monkey testicle tissue and placing it in the testicles Of men with supposedly therapeutic purposes. It developed its activities in France in the …

The Bell Curve

The Bell Curve is a book published in 1994 by Anglo-American professors Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray. They discussed the importance of intelligence in life American . The book is famous for the debate it raised about the relationship between race and intelligence in chapters 13 and 14. First, they establish that intelligence is …

William Bradford Shockley

William Bradford Shockley ( 13 as February as 1910 – December as August as 1989 ) was a physical American . Together with John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain , he won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956 “for his research on semiconductors and the discovery of the Transistor .” 1 In 1955, Shockley …

Mediterranean breed

During the centuries XIX and XX , many anthropologists Western classified to humans in a variety of races and sub – races. Of these, the Mediterranean race was given to a predominant physical type in southern Europe (including southern France ), areas of northern Africa and western Asia as well as in parts of Eastern …

Race and intelligence

The connection between race and intelligence has been a subject of debate both in popular science and in academic research since the origin of IQ tests at the beginning of the 20th century. The debate concerns the interpretation of findings where ” white ” participants tend to score higher than participants of African descent in …

Alpine race

During the centuries XIX and XX , many anthropologists Western classified to humans in a variety of races and sub – races. Of these, the alpine race was given to a predominant physical type in central / eastern Europe and parts of western / central Asia . Characterized by a short stature and with the …

Paul Popenoe

Paul Popenoe ( 16 of October of 1888 – 19 of June of 1979 ) was a biologist US who published a favorable report on the results of the sterilization eugenics in California . That book would be widely quoted by the Nazi government as evidence that mass sterilization programs were feasible and human. Career …

Leonard Darwin

Leonard Darwin ( Down House , January 15, 1850 – Forest Row , March 26, 1943) was a British politician, military man and economist, son of the naturalist Charles Darwin . It was proponent of eugenics and was the mentor of Ronald Fisher and president of the Royal Geographical Society between 1905 and 1911. 1 …

Galton Laboratory

The Galton Laboratory was a laboratory to investigate eugenics and then genetics based at University College in London , England. It was originally established in 1904, and became part of the biology department of the UCL in 1996. The ancestor of Galton Laboratory was the Office of Registration of Eugenics founded by Francis Galton in …

Robert Klark Graham

Robert Klark Graham ( Harbor Springs, Michigan , June 9, 1906 – Seattle, Washington , February 13, 1997) was an American geneticist and optometrist. He made a big fortune by inventing a variety of unbreakable plastic spectacle lenses. In 1980 he founded the “Repository for Germinal Choice” (RFGC), a “sperm bank for geniuses”, hoping to …

Forced sterilization

The forced sterilization or forced sterilization is that sterilization that occurs in one or more people without their consent or medical justification or clinic, with intent eugenic , punitive or forced contraception. Throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, many countries have developed forced sterilization programs, usually in women , as part of their government policies, …

Dysgenesis

Dysgenesis is a term opposed to eugenics , and is used by some current scientists to characterize the selection of negative genetic variables. 1 In medical terms, it is the defective development of a part of the body during its intrauterine life that will cause malformations. Dysgenesis is used to indicate a reduction in the …

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis

The preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is the study of the DNA of embryonic human to select those that meet certain characteristics and / or eliminate carrying some type of birth defect. From these embryos cellular biopsies are extracted, whose size can vary according to the number of days of development. A biopsy between day 1 …

Weak mind

The terms ” weak-minded ” or ” weak- minded ” were used from the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth century, vaguely describing a number of mental deficiencies, including what is now considered mental retardation in its various types and degrees, and disability Learning such as dyslexia . Originally not used as a pejorative …

Biopower

Biopower is a term originally coined by the philosopher French Michel Foucault to refer to the practice of states modern “exploiting numerous and diverse techniques to subjugate the bodies and population control .” Foucault introduced this concept in La volonté du savoir , the first volume of his Histoire de la sexualité . Other thinkers …

Eugenics

The eugenics (the Greek ευγονική / eugoniké /, meaning ‘good source’: of εὖ / eu / [ “good”], and γένος / guénos / [ ‘origin’, ‘relationship’]) is a social philosophy which advocates improvement of hereditary traits humans through various forms of intervention manipulated and selective methods human. 1 The origin of eugenics is strongly rooted …

Fritz Fischer (Nazi doctor)

Fritz Ernst Fischer ( Berlin , 5 of October of 1912 – Ingelheim am Rhein , 2003 ) was a physician German who participated in the Nazi human experimentation on prisoners ofRavensbrück concentration camp . Biography Fischer studied medicine , first in Bonn , then in Berlin and Leipzig . Finally, he graduated in Hamburg …

Hermann Becker-Freyseng

Hermann Becker-Freyseng ( Ludwigshafen , 18 of July of 1910 – Heidelberg , 27 of August of 1961 ) was a physician Nazi and consultant Aviation Medicine in the Luftwaffe . He was recognized as a senior aviation medicine specialist 1 Becker-Freyseng was one of the defendants in the Doctors’ Trial . 2 First investigations …

Christian Wirth

Christian Wirth ( Obersalzheim , Württemberg , 24 of November of 1885 – near Hrpelje-Kozina , today Slovenia , 26 of maypole of 1944 ) was an officer of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and the German police. He was commander of the Bełżec extermination camp and one of the main architects of the program to exterminate …

Franz Stangl

Franz Paul Stangl ( Altmünster , 26 of March of 1908 – Düsseldorf , 28 of June of 1971 ) was an official Nazi of the SS and active participant in the Holocaust of World War II . He was commander of the Sobibór and Treblinka extermination camps during Operation Reinhard ‘s call . He …