Tadeusz Pankiewicz

Tadeusz Pankiewicz ‘ (November 21, 1908 in Sambor – November 5, 1993, Krakow ), was a Polish Catholic pharmacist and one operating in the Krakow ghetto during the occupation of Poland (1939-1945). He was recognized as “righteous among the Nations” by Yad Vashem on February 10, 1983, for rescuing countless Jews from the Holocaust .

Pankiewicz studied at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. In 1933 he was the owner of the pharmacy “Under the Eagle” ( Apteka Pod Orłem ) founded in 1910 by his father Jozef. 2 the pharmacy was located in Plac Zgody (formerly Mały Rynek Square) in Krakow Podgórze district. Its pre-war clientele included both Polish and Jewish Catholics.

Often with scarce medicines and pharmaceuticals, it provided the residents of the favela, at no cost substantially improving their quality of life. In fact, apart from health considerations that contributed to survival itself. In his published testimonies, Pankiewicz makes particular mention of hair dyes used by those disguising their identities and tranquilizers to children needed to keep quiet during the raids of the Gestapo .

Tadeusz Pankiewicz died in 1993 and is buried in Cracow Rakowicki Cemetery .


  • The pharmacy of the Krakow ghetto (translation by Henry Tilles Apteka w getcie krakowskim ). New York: Holocaust Library, 1987. ISBN 0-89604-086-0 , 0879 089604. The book Apteka w Getcie Krakowskim is also available in Hebrew with editions reprinted, published by Yad Vashem and translated into Polish by the writer Miriam Akavia .
  • Wladyslaw Bartoszewski and Zofia Lewin, Righteous Among Nations: How poles helped the Jews, 1939-1945 . London: Earlscourt Publications, 1969, pp. 222-226. It includes the testimony of the first person of Pankiewicz.
  • Wladyslaw Bartoszewski and Zofia Lewin, the Samaritans: heroes of the Holocaust (translated from Polish: joke ten z ojczyzny mojej , 1966), ed. Alexander T. Jordan. NY: Twayne Publishers, 1970, pp. 173-178.
  • Sara Bender and Shmuel Krakowski, eds., The encyclopedia of the righteous among nations: saviors of Jews during the Holocaust. Poland, volume II. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem Publications, 2004, p. 579.


  1. Back to top^ Gilbert, Martin, & dq the Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe , p. 356 (1987 Macmillan)
  2. Back to top↑ Museum of National Memory in “Under the Eagle Pharmacy”