Philipp Bouhler ( Munich , November of September of 1899 – Altaussee , 19 of maypole of 1945 ) was a senior Nazi party that was both Reichsleiter and head of the Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP and SS – Obergruppenführer in the SS Allgemeine . He was one of the people responsible for the Aktion T4 euthanasia program , which executed over 70,000 disabled people in Nazi Germany .
As a member of the Royal Bavarian Cadet Corps, Bouhler participated in World War I , where he was seriously wounded. Between 1919 and 1920, he studied Philosophy 1 and the following year began to collaborate in the newspaper Völkischer Beobachter , official newspaper of the German National Socialist Party of the Workers .
Bouhler was captured and detained on 10 May 1945 by American troops. He committed suicide on May 19, 1945 while he was in the camp of the United States in Zell am See in Austria . 2
- Second-class Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse), 1914
- Cross of honor of the Great War .
- Wound medal .
- Order of blood .
- Golden Plate of the Party .
- Order of Military Merit (Bavaria) .
- Cross to merit of war of 1st and 2nd class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz).
- Medal of long service in the NSDAP (bronze, 10 years).
- Medal of long service in the NSDAP (silver, 15 years).
- Medal of long service in the NSDAP (gold, 25 years).
- Ring of honor of the SS .
- Sword of honor of the SS . 3
- Back to top↑ Brief biography of Bouhler, with a letter from Hitler, in which he is ordered to start a program of euthanasia (in German)
- Back to top↑ Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1 , R. James Bender Publishing, p. 155. ISBN 978-93-297-0037-2
- Back to top↑ Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1 , p. 159