Nikolaos Michaloliakos

Gueoryíu Nikolaos Michaloliakos (in Greek Νικóλαος Γεωργίου Μιχαλολιάκος, Athens , 16 as December as 1957 ), also known as Nikos Michaloliakos , is a Greek politician, leader of Golden Dawn (Χρυσή Αυγή).


Michaloliakos was born on December 16, 1957 in Athens. He studied at the Kapodistríco University of Athens , where he graduated in Mathematical Sciences. He has been married since 1987 to Eleni Zarulia, the Greek “Eva Braun”, 1 who is a member of Parliament and with whom he has a daughter, Urania Michaloliakos. Both his wife and his daughter are members of Golden Dawn. Nikolaos is the brother of Takis Michaloliakos, a prominent Greek lawyer known for the Koskotas case and who has once defended members of Golden Dawn. 2 Michaloliakos lives in Pefki, a suburb north of Athens. 3 Co-owner of a transitional shelter . 4

Political activity

At the age of 16 he was already a member of the August 4 Party , 5 a nationalist formation founded by the Greek neo- fascism theorist Kostas Plevris in 1965 and attempting to re-establish a regime in Greece such as that instituted by Ioannis Metaxas on 4 August 1936 and Meant the beginning of the fascist period in Greece . Simultaneously he combined this activity with his participation as a member of the Unionist Struggle Committees (ESEA), the local Athenian branch of the EOKA B paramilitary organization , composed of Greek nationalists fighting for the annexation of Cyprus to Greece.

In July 1974 he was arrested for taking part in protest rallies in front of the British embassy because of Britain ‘s attitude toward the Turkish invasion of northern Cyprus 5 and in December 1976 was arrested for participating in assaults on journalists That covered the funeral of the policeman and torturer of the regime of the Colonels Evánguelos Mallios , assassinated by the Revolutionary Organization November 17 . 5 He entered Korydallos Prison, where he was for two months, but was not tried, being released due to technicalities related to his arrest 5 although there was enough evidence against him. 6 During his stay in prison, Michaloliakos met the leaders of the military junta of the dictatorship of the colonels in May and laid the foundation for what would later become the Golden Dawn. 7 At the end of 1977 he entered the Army (specifically in the special forces ) and ended up forming part of the body of parachutists. He came to hold the rank of officer .

In July 1978 he was arrested again after joining an extreme right group and a series of bomb attacks in Athens , and in January 1979 he was sentenced to 13 months in prison for illegal possession of weapons and explosives, Accused of planning terrorist acts. Because of this he was expelled from the army. 5 8For the summer of that same year he was again released. There is evidence that in his statements he gave the names of his collaborators, who were sentenced to between 5 and 12 years, while his sentence was reduced to 13 months. Referring to Fig.

After being released he focused on his political activities. In 1983 he traveled for several months to South Africa . There, Michaloliakos came into contact with Giannis Giannopoulos , a Greek and former military ultranationalist who after a series of attacks in Athens in 1978 had fled the country and had enrolled in the French Foreign Legion , ending up in South Africa as military trainer of the Movement of Afrikaner Resistance (Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging or AWB). 10 Giannopoulos would later be a featured member of Golden Dawn.

In 1984 he was elected leader of the youths 5 8 of the National Political Union (EPEN) party of Georgios Papadópoulos (who personally appointed him in the position) and got that ultra-right formation to obtain 8% of the votes in the elections in The region of Attica. In spite of this, months later it left the party by conflicts with the hierarchy of the same one. A year later he returned to the Jrysí Avyí (Golden Dawn) project, which had already begun in 1980 with the neo-Nazi magazine 11 12Jrysí Avyí – Society for the Study and Promotion of European Cultural Creation”, and projected it to the political scene general.

Since then (except for a short period between 2005 and 2007, where Golden Dawn was disbanded due to constant clashes with antifascists 5 and Michaloliakos and most of the other party members joined the Patriotic Alliance , Golden Dawn was re-established in 2007) Mijaloliakos has been the leader of the party, which has led with iron. While serving officially as Secretary-General , the press 8 and party members refer to him as “leader.” At the same time as politically leading Golden Dawn, Michaloliakos also writes various works, such as collections of poems («Η εξωμολόγιση ενός εθνικού», «The confession of a nationalist»), political essays («Για μία μεγάλη Ελλάδα σε μία ελεύθερη Ευρώπη», For a great Greece in a free Europe ), in-depth studies of historical characters (“Περικλής Γιαννόπουλος Α Απολλώνιος λόγος”, Periklís Yannopulos: The word Apollonian ) and chronicles of the evolution of the party («Εχθροί του Καθεστώτος», Enemies of the system ).

In 2010 he was elected councilor of the City of Athens. On January 17, 2011 he gained notoriety after giving the fascist salute to ANTARSYA party councilor Petros Konstantinou, who called him a fascist , during a session. 13 5 The event caused a number of reactions, including at the international level. 5

Since the parliamentary elections of May 2012 he has been a member of the Council of the Hellenes .

Judicial process (2013-present)

Following the murder of anti-fascist rapper Pavlos Fyssas on September 17, 2013, Michaloliakos was arrested on September 28, 2013, along with several other members of his party, charged with joining a criminal organization. 14 The charge sheet includes murder, extortion, and participation in the disappearance of up to 100 immigrants. 15 After 18 months of pre-trial detention, the maximum allowed, Michaloliakos was released from jail in July 2015 and placed under house arrest . 16 On July 29, 2015, his house arrest was lifted, but he is forbidden to leave Attica . 17 Even so, he can attend Parliament.

On April 20, 2015, the trial of Michaloliakos and 68 other defendants began. 18


Michaloliakos is openly a denier of the Holocaust , especially denying the existence of gas chambers used during World War II . 19 8 has been referred to Adolf Hitler as a “great personality of the 20th century”. Referring to Fig.

In October 2012, Michaloliakos made the fascist salute during a rally of Golden Dawn. As he did, he said, “Sometimes we say hello, but our hands are clean, they have never stolen.” twenty

In December 2012, he suggested installing landmines on Greek borders to stop illegal immigration. twenty-one

On the other hand, he has been accused of collaborating with the National Intelligence Service (KYP) in the early 1980s, allegedly receiving a monthly salary of 120,000 drachmas , which has been denied by him and his party. 22 23 Evidence of collaboration is a payment slip showing the names of Michaloliakos and Konstantinos Plevris as agency officials. Dawn Dorado has claimed that the ballot is a fake. 24

He has also been accused of being very well connected with justice, having been treated favorably by police and judges when he had problems with justice.