Maximilian Grabner ( Vienna , Austria , 2 of October of 1905 – Poland , December to December of 1947 ) was an SS Obersturmführer highlighted as chief Austrian of the Gestapo in the death camp of Auschwitz , where he was known for the infamous mistreatment applied In the torture chamber of block 11 , 1 during the Holocaust in World War II .
He was born in Vienna , joined the Austrian police forces in 1930 and became a member of the then illegal Nazi party in 1933 . After the Anschluss of Austria in 1938 , he joined the SS and became a member of the Gestapo . He arrived in Katowice during the outbreak of World War II . He was transferred to the concentration camp of Auschwitz less than a year later and became Head of the Political Department of the Gestapo there. 2
As head of the Gestapo in Auschwitz , he was responsible for, among other things, the fight against the resistance movement in the countryside, as well as preventing leakage and all contact with the outside world. These tasks were carried out with cruelty against the prisoners and through a large number of imprisonments in the bunker of Block 11 . [2 ] Recruit staff members, such as Wilhelm Boger , who was only brought to justice in the 1960s , carried out so-called sharp interrogations , during which the victims were systematically tortured .
Grabner, along with the commander of the Schutzhaftlager , began regularly, cleanings bunkers: prisoners were examined and many of them sent directly to the inner courtyard located between blocks 10 and 11, where they were shot.
In 1943, he was arrested for robbery, bribery and corruption and was put on trial in Weimar a year later. At the end of the trial, he was sentenced to 12 years in prison; However, due to the imminent end of the war, he was released and returned to Katowice .
Grabner was arrested by the Allies in 1945 . It was delivered to the Poles in 1947, accused of murder and crimes against humanity and sentenced to death at the Auschwitz Trial . He died hanged on December 12, 1947. 3
- Back to top↑ SJ / HEART (2007). ‘Auschwitz Concentration Camp – Chain of Command’ . Holocaust Historical Society . Accessed June 13, 2010 .
- ↑ Jump to:a b F. J Frasier / HEART (2008). ‘Auschwitz Concentration Camp Pery Broad – SS Man’ . Holocaust Historical Society . Accessed June 13, 2010 .
- Back to top↑ American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (2010). «Auschwitz Trial (November-December 1947)» . Jewishvirtuallibrary.org . Accessed June 13, 2010 .