Vjekoslav Luburić listens ( ? · I ) ( Humac , near Ljubuški , 20 of June of 1913 – Carcagente , Valencia , 20 of April of 1969 ) was a Croatian military thatemphasized during World War II , also known like Maks Luburić or Maks The butcher .
He joined the movement Ustaša and directed the Jasenovac concentration camp , considered one of the cruelest extermination camps of all time. 1 After the end of the war and his departure from Croatia, during his exile in Franco ‘s Spain received the false name of Vicente Pérez García .
During his youth he studied primary education. In 1931 he joined the Ustashi movement, participating in various actions against the Yugoslav state. Due to it, it had to emigrate to Hungary in 1932 and settled in the field of Jankapuszta, near Budapest , where it became chief of the field economato. In April 1941, after the German invasion of Yugoslavia , he returned to Croatia under Nazi control.
World War II
During the formation of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), at the beginning of World War II , he was promoted to general and commissioned the Drina region , which earned him the nickname of General Drinjanin (Drina General). From the establishment of the death camps by the pro – Nazi Croatian state, he was appointed chief commander of the same, and in a ceremony on 9 of October of 1942 , welcomed the large “effectiveness” of the center murder of Jasenovac . During the banquet that followed, he proudly stated: “We have killed here in Jasenovac more people than the Ottoman Empire during his long stay in Europe.” 2
Luburić trained in Auschwitz and visited other German concentration camps to learn the methods of extermination and apply them in Jasenovac. 3 However, the model on which Jasenovac was based was the Sachsenhausen concentration camp . 3 Between 100,000 and 600,000 people are believed to have died in Jasenovac. 4 5 6 Some Nazi observers called him “extreme sadist” and “mentally ill” in several official reports. 7
At the end of the war, with the defeat of the Independent State of Croatia, Luburić briefly led a paramilitary formation called The Crusaders (Križari). However, it did not achieve its objective of reestablishing the Croatian regime related to Nazism against Tito ‘s Yugoslavia .
At the end of World War II , he passed illegally to Hungary, then to Austria and later to France. Later settled in Spain , where he lived in the municipality of Carcagente ( Valencia ) protected by the Franco regime , which gave him a false name: Vicente Pérez García . He married a Spaniard, with whom he had four children, although in 1957 he separated from her. Participated in activities of Croatian migrant organizations in Spain, Sweden , West Germany and Canada . Away from the Ustasha movement in the second half of the 1950s, he founded the Brotherhood of Friends of Drina , and later an organization called Croatian National Resistance . In Spain he directed a printing press in charge of spreading propaganda of these movements, with the support of the Franco regime.
He was murdered at his house in Carcagente on 20 April 1969 by Ilija Stanic , an alleged Yugoslav secret service agent (UDBA) who had infiltrated his printing press. 2 He was never arrested and Tito ‘s Yugoslavia received him as a national hero. Referring to Fig.
- Back to top↑ Clarín « The Nazi Croatian who headed an extermination camp disappeared. »Posted on February 21, 2011
- ↑ Jump to:a b Guldescu, Stanko; Prcela, John (1970): Operation Slaughterhouse , p. 71. Dorracne and company.
- ↑ Jump to:a b Levy, Michele (2009). ” ” The Last Bullet for the Last Serb “Ustasha Genocide Against The Serbs: 1941 – 1945” . Nationalities Papers 37 (6): 807-837.
- Back to top↑ The Country « Memory of another ethnic cleansing» Accessed May 12, 2012
- Back to top↑ The Economist « Shimon Peres visits the Jasenovac camp, the” Croatian Auschwitz ” » Retrieved on May 12, 2012
- Back to top↑ Internet Database « Another Nazi official reveals his identity and then flees » Retrieved on November 21, 2012
- Back to top↑ The state commission of Croatia for the Investigation of the Crimes of the Occupation Forces and Their Collaborators , Zagreb, 1946
- Back to top↑ Ilija Stanić: Ubili smo Luburića jer se raišao s Pavelićem; Jutarnji list , Zagreb (July 15, 2009)