Mahmud Ahmadineyad

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (in Persian : محمود احمدینژاد Mahmud Ahmadīnežād ) ( Aradan , Iran , 28 of October of 1956 ) was the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the 3 of August of 2005 until August 3 of 2013 . 1

Conservative Islamist ideology, [ citation needed ] Ahmadinejad was elected president of Iran on 24 of June of 2005 , in the second round of presidential elections. His opponent, who had won the most votes in the first round, was the influential former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanyani , whom Ahmadinejad defeated with 61.69% of the approximately 28 million votes of the total, with a participation of approximately 59, 6% of the electorate, while in the first round Ahmadinejad had only achieved 19.48%.

In the elections of December of June of 2009 , Ahmadinejad, according to official data, obtained a 62.63% of the votes counted compared with only 33% of its main rival, Mir Hossein Mousavi . In the days following the election, supporters of the other three candidates questioned the regularity of the scrutiny, provoking further demonstrations in the streets of Tehran and other cities of the country, which were repeated for months.

Biography

Born in the village of Aradan, near Garmsar , the son of a blacksmith , his family moved to Tehran when he was one year old . He entered the University of Iran of Science and Technology (IUST) as a civil engineering degree student in 1976 . He continued his studies at the same university, entering the master’s program for civil engineering in 1986 and finally obtained his doctorate in Traffic and transport engineering and planning .

In 1980 , Ahmadinejad was the principal representative of IUST in the various sessions of student meetings with Ayatollah Khomeini . In these sessions, the foundations of the first Office to Consolidate Unity (created Daftar-e Tahkim-e Vahdat ), the student organization that was behind the attack on the embassy of the United States that led to the hostage crisis in Iran . During the embassy attack, Ahmadinejad suggested a simultaneous attempt against the USSR embassy , but was voted against.

Ahmadinejad was one of the instructors of the Basij organization founded in 1979 by Ayatollah Khomeini during the war with Iraq . The members of this organization were children up to 12 years old, forced to fight for the regime “armed” with a plastic wrench in the neck, 2 and to those who were indoctrinated for “the glory of martyrdom”, augurándoles their entrance to paradise . 3

The children, who were used to sweep the mined fields , participated with passion and religious devotion with desire to reach the promised paradise, they offered themselves joyful and exultant. There were unsuccessful previous experiments with dogs , donkeys and sheep , but these fled after the first explosion. 4 So that its members did not spread after the bombing , they went to their objectives crossing the minefields with their bodies wrapped in carpets . 5

During the war , in 1986 , Ahmadinejad joined the Guardians of the Revolution . After training at the headquarters, he was in action in secret offshore operations against Kirkuk , in Iraqi territory . He then became the chief engineer of the sixth Army of the Guardians of the Revolution and the head of the Guardian Corps in the western provinces of Iran. After the war, he served as governor and lieutenant governor of Maku and Khoy , as adviser to the Minister of Culture and Islamic Guide, and as governor of the then newly established Province of Ardabil from 1993 to October 1997 .

But Ahmadinejad was a largely unknown figure in Iranian politics, to be elected mayor of Tehran by the second City Council of Tehran on 3 of maypole of 2003 , after the elections to the city council in 2003, when with a lead of 12% The Conservative candidates of the Islamic Iran Builder Alliance rose to victory in Tehran. During his tenure he reversed many of the changes made by previous moderate and reform mayors, placed great religious emphasis on the activities of cultural centers founded by former mayors, imposed the use of separate elevators for men and women in municipal offices and suggested Burial of the bodies of the martyrs of the Iran-Iraq war in the main squares of the city of Tehran .

As mayor of Tehran, Ahmadinejad also became director in charge of the newspaper Hamshahri , which began with the dismissal of Mohammad Atrianfar as editor and its replacement by Alireza Sheikh-Attar , who was subsequently dismissed the 13 of June of 2005 , a few days Before the presidential elections, due to the lack of support to Amadineyad by the newspaper. Sheikh-Attar would be replaced by Ali Asghar Ash’ari , a former Deputy Minister of Culture and Islamic Guide during the mandate as minister of Mostafa Mirsalim. During his tenure, he would also dismiss Nafiseh Kouhnavard (one of the Hamshahri journalists) for asking the then-President Khatami about the “red lines” of the regime and parallel illegal intelligence agencies, which Ahmadinejad did not consider appropriate, and Later accusing the journalist of spying for Turkey and Azerbaijan . 6 7

Ahmadinejad is known to have fought with reformist President Mohamed Khatami , who then deprived him of power to attend meetings of the House of Ministers, a privilege normally allowed to the mayors of Tehran. Ahmadinejad has publicly criticized Khatami for not knowing the daily problems of the general public. He usually avoids interviews with independent journalists or avoids answering his questions by asking other questions or telling them not to ask “complicated questions”.

After two years as mayor of Tehran, Ahmadinejad was selected on the list of the sixty-five finalists of the World Mayor 2005 selected among the 550 nominees [2] . Only nine mayors were from Asia .

In his visit to Cuba in January 2012, he is awarded Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Havana in Political Science . Referring to Fig.

Controversies and international relations

Several positions of Mahmud Ahmadinejad have caused controversy and discomfort in the western countries and Israel. In some cases, the criticism will come from actions prior to his arrival in the presidency of Iran, as is the case of his alleged participation in the crisis of the hostages. After reaching power, his statements and positions on the Holocaust , and his decision to get atomic technology would result in a deterioration in diplomatic relations with Islamic and non-Islamic countries.

In January of 2002 , the then US President George W. Bush included Iran , along with Iraq , North Korea and other countries in what he called the “Axis of Evil”, and since then the White House and the Pentagon have increased their Denunciations of the Iranian nuclear program.

Attitude toward Israel

Declarations on the destruction of Israel

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made a controversial statement at the end of 2005 to thousands of Iranian students in Tehran at a conference titled ” For a world without Zionism ,” attended by leaders of the Hamas organization , the Syrian ambassador and senior officials of the National Authority Palestine , where he openly stated that the State of Israel should be wiped off the map and that the Muslim nation will not allow its historic enemy to live in its own heart . 9 10 These statements, expressed in a moment of tension between the Western powers and Iran , generated strong condemnations by the international community 11 12 and accusations of incitement to genocide . 13 Later, the Iranian president continued his statements in favor of the destruction of Israel. 14 15 16

Following these statements that were very significant were done in Persian , the Iranian government made great efforts to argue that they were mistranslated by its own official Iranian News Agency (IRNA), which were later taken up By other news agencies around the world. 17

On another occasion, the Iranian president declared The Great Powers have created the Zionist regime to extend their sovereignty in the region … every day this regime massacres the Palestinians, but since it is contrary to nature, we will soon witness its disappearance and its Destruction . 14

The Heads of State and Government of the European Union condemned the statements of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in a public ceremony retook the famous phrase of Ayatollah Khomeini that Israel “must be wiped off the map”, and decided a A new wave of confrontations in Palestine and a turmoil in the Arab world will serve to achieve this goal. 18 Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon instructed Israel’s ambassador to the United Nations , Dan Gillerman , to call for the expulsion of Iran from the international organization. 18

Holocaust denialism

On 8 December 2005, Ahmadinejad said in an interview with Iranian-language Iranian channel Al-Alam that if Germany and Austria felt responsible for the massacre of Jews during World War II , they should host a state of Israel in their Own soil. Ahmadinejad also said that most Jews “have no roots in Palestine but have the fate of Palestine in their hands allowing themselves to be killed by the Palestinian people.” 19 Ahmadinejad added:

Some European countries insist that during World War II, Hitler burned millions of Jews and put them in concentration camps. Any historian, commentator or scientist who doubts that is put in prison or condemned. Although we do not accept this claim, if we assume that it is true … if Europeans are honest they should give some of their provinces in Europe – as in Germany, Austria or other countries – the Zionists and Zionists can establish their state in Europe. Offer part of Europe and we will support it.

19

This comment was received with indignation by Western countries and the United Nations . The Chancellor German Angela Merkel said Ahmadinejad’s words condemn, without specifying which words. He also said: “We will do everything to make it clear that Israel’s right to exist is not endangered in any way.” 20 The Austrian Chancellor Wolfgang Schuessel said: “These comments are an outrageous mistake, which I want to repudiate in the sharpest manner”. 19 The British Minister of Foreign Affairs Jack Straw condemned the remarks, saying they “have no place in civilized political debate.” 19

In the United States, White House spokesman Scott McClellan said Ahmadinejad’s comments “further underline our concerns about the regime” in relation to its “ability to develop nuclear weapons.” 19 A State Department spokesman considered some of Ahmadinejad’s comments “disconcerting and objectionable” and said “they do not inspire hope in any of us in the international community that the Iranian government is prepared to behave as a responsible member of that community”. twenty

The spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel Mark Regev said the Iranian president again has “expressed the most outrageous ideas concerning Jews and Israel.” 19 The Foreign Minister of Israel Silvan Shalom said some of those comments “should wake everyone in the world” and added that “This country … will do anything to destroy the state of Israel”. 20 UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan was “shocked” by some of Ahmadinejad’s remarks. 21 Saudi and Turkish officials criticized Ahmadinejad’s comments that “they tarnished a summit in Mecca dedicated to showing the moderate face of Islam .” 22 23

In a televised speech given the 14 of December of 2005 in the Iranian city of Zahedan , the press reported that Ahmadinejad made the following statements deniers regarding the Holocaust Jew: 24

They have invented a legend in which the Jews were massacred and placed it above God, religions and prophets. In the West, the myth of the Jewish genocide has been given more meaning, even more than God, religion and prophets, and is treated sternly with those who deny this legend but do nothing to those who deny God, Religion and the prophets. If you burned the Jews, why do not you give Israel a piece of Europe, the United States, Canada or Alaska? Our question is, if you committed the crime, why would an innocent nation such as Palestine have to pay for that crime?

Later, in written responses to readers’ questions on 1 January 2006 in several Iranian newspapers, Ahmadinejad said that the creation of Israel after World War II had “killed two birds with one stone” for Europe. On the one hand, it had managed to “sweep the Jews of Europe and at the same time create a European appendix with a Zionist and anti-Islamic nature in the heart of the Islamic world.” He also compared Zionism to fascism:

Zionism is a Western ideology and a colonialist idea … and now it massacres Muslims with direct leadership and help from the United States and a part of Europe … Zionism is basically a new fascism.

He also questioned once again why the investigation and debate about how many Jews died in the Holocaust was taboo and asked if it was true that millions of Jews had died at the hands of Germany. 25

Some analysts have said that Ahmadinejad’s frequent anti-Israeli comments are intended to boost his position in his country and in the Islamic world. According to diplomatic sources, his statements have hardened the attitude of the West to Iran’s nuclear program.

The November to December of 2006 , the International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust opened in Tehran in a framework of global condemnation against it. 26 The conference, promoted and organized by Ahmadinejad, was attended by several leaders of the Ku Klux Klan (among them David Duke ), diverse organizations neo-Nazi Europe, the main American rabbis of the anti – Zionist group Neturei Karta , clerics and rulers World. It was described by Western media as a “holocaust denial conference” and a “meeting of Holocaust deniers where their protagonists repeatedly questioned the existence of that genocide and devoted themselves to systematically denying the number of victims, existence Of gas chambers and the main extermination camps , in addition to defaming Israel and Zionism in general. ” 27 Many world leaders reacted to such an event repudiating that meeting. Among them was the secretary of the United Nations , Kofi Annan , who urged member states to combat denial, and to educate their populations about the facts as established by the historical version of the Holocaust, in which one third of the Jews were killed along with countless members of other minorities and recalled that Israel is an old member of the organization, with all its rights and obligations. And that under the Charter of the Organization, all members have undertaken to abstain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State. 28

German Chancellor Angela Merkel , speaking at a conference in Berlin , said: “I would like to make it clear that the German government and people strongly reject the conference that took place in Iran where it was shamelessly refused Some the existence of the Holocaust. ” 29 Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Ólmert said that the conference “represents a sickening phenomenon of negationism that demonstrates the spread of hatred intended to spread the Iranian fundamentalist regime ,” 30 while Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni said that “the evil coming from Tehran and Its allies can not hide all the pain and suffering of the survivors of that horror ” 31 and the chief rabbi of Israel (Yona Metzger) called for Jews around the world to initiate a boycott against the members of Neturei Karta by preventing them from entering Any synagogue or institution of the community. 32 The US State Department described the Iranian event as “another unpleasant act of the Tehran regime, in this particular matter, which continues with the appalling denial of the deaths of six million people who perished in the Holocaust.” 33 The Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles hosted a teleconference at the same time as the Iranian conference to invite different Holocaust survivors to tell their personal stories. 29 British Prime Minister Tony Blair denounced the conference in Iran as a “shocking and amazing public denial of the genocide that took place in Europe” and said “This is a symbol of sectarianism and hatred against people of other religions. That is, go and Invite the leader of the racist Ku Klux Klan to a conference in Tehran that questions the existence of the millions of people who died in the Holocaust … what other evidence is needed to prove the extremist nature of that regime? ” 34 The Belgian minister of foreign affairs condemned Iran’s denialist expressions and emphasized the “unquestionable right to the existence of the State of Israel.” 34 The Foreign Minister Canadian Peter MacKay cataloged to the conference as “an outrage. An insult to Holocaust victims. An insult to their descendants. The government of Canada and I am sure that many other parliamentarians around the globe condemn this conference , Just as we previously condemned the Iranian President’s comments about the Holocaust that promote hatred and deny Nazi crimes. ” 35 In turn, similar global condemnation against Tehran conference also heard by the governments of France , 36 Russia , 37 Switzerland , 38 Poland , 39 Mexico 40 and the Holy See . 41

The 26 of January of 2007 , the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution condemning any denial of the Holocaust, only voting Iran against its approval. Three days earlier, the United States had proposed the resolution and representatives of the European Union , Canada , Australia and Israel sought further external support for it. Turkey , Russia and Germany , which held the EU presidency at the time, pledged to obtain a majority in favor of the proposal. By 26, the resolution had 104 sponsors. 42

From the University of Tehran at the end of the annual anti-Israeli rally on the occasion of Al-Quds Day (Arab name of Jerusalem ), in a speech broadcast live on Iranian state radio, on September 18 , 2009 Ahmadinejad stated that:

“The pretext for the creation of the Zionist regime is false, it is a lie based on a myth and impossible to prove.” 43

and that

If the Holocaust, as they say, is true, why do not they offer evidence? 44

He added that “confronting the Zionist regime is a national and religious obligation” and that “this (Israeli) regime will not last long. Do not link your destiny to him (…) this regime has no future. His life has come to an end, “thus ratifying the position of the Iranian Government towards the Jewish state. Four. Five

Canada, the United States, France, Britain, Germany, Russia and the European Union condemned the Iranian president’s sayings. 46

The “world Jewish conspiracy”

In a speech Ahmadinejad at the headquarters of the General Assembly of the UN in New York , the 23 of September of 2008 , the Iranian president said that the Jews dominate the United States and Europe, especially the financial world and accused Israel of being the Cause of all the ills of the world . In turn, the Iranian president stated that the independence of the peoples of Ossetia, Abkhazia and Georgia is being obstructed by the secret action of the Zionists and that these same invisible powers are the cause of the campaigns aimed at preventing Iran from seeing its program Nuclear be successful . Later he also said in his speech that the criminal Zionists who dominate the world are those who destroy the environment and solidarity between nations and denounced the manipulation of the sovereignty of the American and European people by a tiny dominating and aggressive minority that thinks superior And acts in secret . Finally Mahmoud Ahmadinejad prophesied that the irresistible sinking of the Jewish danger will allow the world to live in harmony and fraternity . 47 48 49 50 51 52

The reactions were swift. Numerous personalities who had gathered in Manhattan , as part of a march in repudiation of Ahmadinejad’s visit, condemned this speech. Among them was Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel who said Ahmadinejad should go home and stay there. The United Nations is not its place; His place is the International Criminal Court where he will be tried for promoting genocide and nuclear destruction . 47 53 54 55 On the other hand, the members of the North American and Israeli delegations refused to attend the intervention of Ahmadinejad. 56 French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner proclaimed that it was not enough to simply condemn Ahmadinejad’s remarks and that it was necessary “to react because the situation is extremely serious and it becomes dangerous.” 47 On the other hand, Israeli President Shimon Peres said Ahmadinejad is a disgrace to Islam , for its own people and to the United Nations, which had been allowed to trample the values and principles by which the body had been created . In his address, Peres later stated:

Iran is the center of all violence and fanaticism in the area, its regime constitutes a danger for the whole world. Iran seeks religious hegemony and regional domination, deepens the division in the Middle East , obstructs the peace process and violates human rights.

Iran’s support for Hezbollah divided the Lebanon , support for Hamas split the Palestinians and delays the establishment of a sovereign Palestinian state. His despicable and cynical denial of the Holocaust is an offense to the survivors of horror. And it is somewhat contradictory with the resolutions adopted by this assembly.

Iran continues to develop enriched uranium and long range missiles. They introduce a religion of fear, in opposition to God’s call for respect for life. The Iranian people are not our enemy and never have been. The fanatical leadership of that country is our problem and the concern of the world. Iran combines long-range missiles with short-range minds.

The Iranian leader is a danger to his people, to the region and to the whole world. He is a real disgrace to the ancient Iranian people. He is a disgrace to the values ​​of Islam. He is a disgrace to this house, the United Nations, its principles and its basic values. Never has a speech so overtly anti-Semitic been poured into this enclosure, and which calls for hatred as low as that of the insane. His appearance here is already a shame in itself.

The General Assembly and the Security Council have the responsibility to prevent agonies before they occur. Israel has proved that democracies can defend themselves. We will not change. The terrorism has not solved a single problem. He has never done it and never will. Terrorists will make the world an unruly place. If a small group of violent murderers are allowed to threaten innocent masses, the world will be left without order and security. The free world must unite to combat this scourge. 57

Durban II

The conference against racism of the UN of 2009 (known as Durban II ) held in Geneva , the words of Iranian leader were described as “relativizadoras the Holocaust and anti – Semitism ” by both political leaders and by media. The repudios were later succeeded by various governments. 58 59 60

Declarations on the homosexuality

In 2007 , on the occasion of a conference of Mahmud Ahmadinejad at Columbia University (which generated mass protests in the university’s plaza), the Iranian president affirmed that in his country ” there are no homosexuals like here, there is no such phenomenon ” , 61 62 being charged with homophobia . Moreover, homosexuality is punishable by death penalty in Iran, 63 64 65 66 67 68 fact that extends to many countries in governing an interpretation of Sharia or Islamic law to curb such behavior. 69 70 After winning the elections again in 2009 Ahmadinejad accused Western democracies ” of leaning on homosexuals to win more votes ” adding that in Iran ” democracy is based on ethics ” and previously asserting that in that country ” all Iranians are equal before the law, be they ministers or politicians . ” 71

Crisis of the hostages

Main article: Crisis of the hostages in Iran

More than fifty Americans were held for 444 days at the United States embassy in Iran between November 1979 and January 1981 after the overthrow of Sah Mohamed Reza Pahlevi and the establishment of an Islamic regime.

At least five people held hostage by Iranian militants at the US embassy in Tehran 25 years ago allegedly identified Iran’s elected President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as a leader of the kidnappers, widely denied by an Iranian ex-spy. 72

State Department sources have pointed out that more precise information is being sought on Ahmadinejad’s activities in the early years of the Iranian revolution. Sharer told CNN that Ahmadinejad was “undoubtedly there, at the embassy, ​​with an advisory role.” The White House has warned Iran that it has taken “serious” serious accusations.

The militants called for the United States to surrender the Sah to be tried. Chuck Scott, a retired US Army colonel, told television he had no doubt that Ahmadinejad, elected as Iran’s president last week, was one of the ringleaders of the hundreds of militants who occupied the embassy.

Four other former hostages, Kevin Hermening, William Daugherty, David Roeder and Don Sharer, made similar statements to different US media outlets. Several newspapers, TV channels and Internet media have published photographs of these events taken in November 1979. One of them is an American, manacled and with a bandage placed around his head, led by three Iranian captors. The man who walks to the left of the hostage, according to these media, has a certain similarity of features with Ahmadinejad.

The kidnapping of Tehran culminated with the defeat of President Carter at the hands of a Reagan, who appeared much stronger, decisive and energetic. Hostility between Washington and Tehran worsened after the American hostages were freed because of the White House’s support of Iraq during its war with Iran in the 1980s.

In November 2012 thousands of Iranians celebrated the event and concentrated in the capital Tehran to commemorate the 33rd anniversary of the embassy’s seizure. 73

Nuclear program

Main article: Iran’s nuclear program

Ahmadinejad announced on November of January of 2006 the intention of getting access to nuclear technology for peaceful purposes apply. He emphasized that his government did not want to manufacture the atomic bomb , stating that something like this would be “illegal and contrary to our religion” 74

At a conference held in January 2006 in Tehran he and Rober Vega commented that a nation that has “culture, coherence and civilization” did not have to need nuclear weapons. However, those countries that possess atomic weapons are usually those that prefer to solve all kinds of problems through the use of force. ” 75

In April 2006 , Ahmadinejad announced that Iran had successfully refined uranium to a degree where it could be used as a nuclear fuel. In a speech to students and academics in Mashad , he said that Iran’s conditions had completely changed according to the achievement of a “nuclear state”, and that it could talk to other countries from that status. 76

The 13 of April of 2006 , the Iranian News Agency (IRNA) said that Ahmadinejad had said that Iranian nuclear technology would not a threat because the government wanted “peace and stability”. He also stated that they would not cause injustice, but that they would not submit to injustice either. 77

Despite Ahmadinejad’s express support for the program, the Iranian president’s team is not responsible for nuclear policy. This is established by the Supreme National Security Council of Iran . The council includes two representatives appointed by the Supreme Leader, the military officers and members of the executive, judicial and legislative branches of government (see eg Alí Lariyaní ), and reports directly to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei , who issued a fatwa Against nuclear weapons in 2005. 78

The 15 of November of 2006 the Iranian president announced that “Since that day, the Iranian nation had the full cycle of nuclear fuel for use.” 79

Accusations of alleged abduction

In January 2002, US President George Bush included Iran, North Korea and Iraq in what he called the ” axis of evil “, and since then Washington has accentuated its denunciations of Iran’s nuclear program.

At least five people held hostage by Iranian militants at the US embassy in Tehran 25 years ago identified Iran’s President-elect Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as a ringleader of the kidnappers. More than fifty Americans were held captive for 444 days at the US embassy in Iran between November 1979 and January 1981 after the overthrow of Shah Mohamed Reza Pahlevi and the establishment of an Islamic regime. The militants called on the United States to turn over the Sha to be tried. Chuck Scott, a retired US Army colonel, told television he has no doubt that Ahmadinejad, elected as Iran’s president last week, was one of the ringleaders of the hundreds of militants who occupied the embassy. Four other former hostages, Kevin Hermening, William Daugherty, David Roeder and Don Sharer, made similar statements to different US media outlets. Several newspapers, television channels and online media have published photographs of these events taken in November 1979. One of them is an American, manacled and with a bandage placed around his head, led by three Iranian captors. The man who walks to the left of the hostage, according to these media, has a certain similarity of features with Ahmadinejad.

Sharer told CNN that Ahmadinejad was “undoubtedly there, at the embassy, ​​with an advisory role.” The White House has warned Iran that it has taken “serious” serious accusations. The United States has not yet forgotten the insult of the kidnapping of Tehran, which culminated in the defeat of President Carter by a Reagan who appeared much stronger, decisive and energetic. The hostages spent those 444 days captive in the embassy between 1979 and 1981 after the overthrow of Shah Mohamed Reza Pahlevi and the establishment of an Islamic regime. With the abduction of the Americans, the group of kidnappers demanded that Washington surrender the Sha to be tried. Hostility between Washington and Tehran worsened after the American hostages were released because of the White House’s support for Iraq during its war with Iran in the 1980s. “We take these allegations very seriously and we are analyzing them for Understand better the facts, “warned the US government, very upset with the outcome of the Iranian elections.

Sources at the State Department have pointed out that more precise information is being sought on Ahmdadineyad’s activities in the early years of the Iranian revolution. In an interview with the British newspaper The Times , then-US President George W. Bush had not directly commented on these allegations, but would have pointed out that “time will tell” if Washington and its allies can dialogue with the government of Ahmdadineyad.

Electoral platform of 2009

In his presidential campaign, Ahmadinejad took a similar approach to that of 2005, considered by some populists, emphasizing his simple life, and comparing himself with Mohammad Ali Rayai (Iran’s second president assassinated in 1981, the last secular to hold office Before Rafsanyani himself), a claim that raised objections from the Rayaí family. Ahmadinejad announced that he planned to form an “exemplary government for the people of the world”. Ahmadinejad was inscribed in the Iranian political trend that he defines as a principled principle , which emerged in reaction to President Khatami’s 1990s reformism with the motto of loyalty to “the principles of Islam and the Revolution .”

Ahmadinejad was the only candidate for president who spoke against future relations with the United States . Moreover, in an interview on Iranian television – the only one in Iran and controlled by the government – a few days before the elections, Ahmadinejad accused the United Nations of being “unilateral, against the world of Islam.” It has openly opposed the right of veto of the Security Council of the United Nations given to the five permanent members. “If this right continues to exist, the Muslim world with a population of almost 1.5 billion people should be given the same privilege,” he said. “It is not fair that a few states feel that they are vetoing global agreements.” In addition, it has defended the Iranian nuclear program and has accused “a few arrogant powers” of trying to limit the industrial and technological development of Iran in this and other fields. Asked by a Shargh reporter about the release of political prisoners in the event that he became president, Ahmadinejad replied with a question: “What political prisoners? Political prisoners in the United States?”

The main motto of her campaign was “It is possible and we can do it” (میشود و میتوانیم). Politically, he is a member of the Islamic Society of Engineers , but he also has a powerful base within the Islamic Iran Builders’ Alliance (also known as Abadgaran ).

During his campaign for the second round, he affirmed “we do not take part in the revolution for a government by turns … This revolution tries to achieve a world government”. [3]

References

  • Ahmadinejad’s statements on the Holocaust, according to the Iranian press
  • Ahmadinejad interview on the Holocaust and other issues (in Italian)
  • Biography of Mahmud Ahmadineyad

Notes

  1. Back to top↑ Corneliu Pivariu. «The geopolitics of Iran and the future of Ahmadinejad regime» (in English) . Retrieved on March 23, 2013 . «The president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (in office since 10 August 2005) will finish his second term on 3 August 2013, and according to the current Constitution he can not run for a third one.»
  2. Back to top↑ Ahmadinejad’s World
  3. Back to top↑ Outlaw regime – Iranian authorities defend themselves by accusing them of promoting a nonexistent “Iranophobia”
  4. Back to top↑ Iran’s “satrap”
  5. Back to top↑ [1]
  6. Back to top↑ Ehteshami, Ehteshami; Zweiri, Mahjoob (2007). Iran and the Rise of its Neoconservatives: The Politics of Tehran’s Silent Revolution (in English) . IB Tauris. P. 57. ISBN  978-1845113889 . Retrieved on April 6, 2013 . “He fired Nafiseh Kouhnavard, one of Hamshahri’s journalists, for asking Khatami about the so-called ‘red lines’ of the regime and illegal parallel intelligence agencies – a question that Ahmadinejad did not consider appropriate, it seems.”
  7. Back to top↑ Newman, Henry J. «Reviewed by Henry J. Newman, Ph.D. Candidate at the London School of Economics’ (in English) . ASMEA (Association for the Study of the Middle East and Africa) . Retrieved on April 6, 2013 .
  8. Back to top↑ Ahmadinejad, an honorary doctorate in Political Science at the University of Havana
  9. Back to top↑ Iranian President’s Statements on Israel Senate of the Argentine Nation
  10. Back to top↑ The Heart of Darkness
  11. Back to top↑ Moratinos asked the Iranian government explanations for the statements of its President antisraelíes
  12. Back to top↑ Representatives of the European Union condemn statements by the President of Iran
  13. Back to top↑ European Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighborhood Policy: Statement on recent declarations by the President of Iran . EUROPE . Consulted the November 16 |fechaacceso=and |Añoacceso=redundant ( help ) .
  14. ↑ Jump to:a b Ahmadinejad states that Israel is doomed to disappearance and destruction
  15. Back to top↑ Ahmadinejad said in a public speech that the principle of the fall of the demonic power of America has begun and the corrupt Zionist germ will be wiped off the face of the earth
  16. Back to top↑ Shrieks of ‘death to Israel’ made by the Iranian leader with a crowd gathered in Tehran (subtitled in Portuguese)
  17. Back to top↑ Israel: “Wiped off The Map”. The Rumor of the Century, Fabricated by the US Media to Justify An All out War on Iran
  18. ↑ Jump to:a b EU leaders condemn “sharply” the statements of the Iranian president against Israel
  19. ↑ Jump to:a b c d e f “Iran’s president says move Israel” (in English) . London: BBC. 8 December 2005 . Consulted the 16 of February of 2016 .
  20. ↑ Jump to:a b c «President Iran twijfelt nu aan holocaust» (in Dutch) . NRC. 9 December 2005 . Consulted the 16 of February of 2016 .
  21. Back to top↑ “Reacting Against Iranian leader’s Holocaust denial Reported Annan points to facts” (in English) . New York: United Nations. 8 December 2005 . Consulted the 16 of February of 2016 .
  22. Back to top↑ “Ahmadinejad draws ire of Saudis, Iranians, West over Israel remarks” (in English) . The Daily Star. December 10, 2005 . Consulted the 16 of February of 2016 .
  23. Back to top↑ “POL-UN-ANNAN-IRAN-HOLOCAUST” (in English) . Al-Kuwait: Kuwait News Agency (KUNA) . Consulted the 16 of February of 2016 .
  24. Back to top↑ «The Iranian president calls the Holocaust a” myth invented by the West “. Mahmud Ahmadineyah insists that the Jewish state move to Europe or the United States, “article of December 14, 2005 in the newspaper El País (Madrid).
  25. Back to top↑ BBC article on the Iranian president’s statements regarding the Jewish Holocaust
  26. Back to top↑ Holocaust Denialist Conference
  27. Back to top↑ In Europe, fury over meeting of Holocaust deniers in Iran
  28. Back to top↑ United Nations Report
  29. ↑ Jump to:a b Holocaust Conference in Berlin
  30. Back to top↑ Conference denying the Holocaust in Iran
  31. Back to top↑ Holocaust Conference in Iran: ‘The Holocaust was a Big Lie’
  32. Back to top↑ The Great Rabbi of Israel suggests organizing a boycott against the Jews who attended the conference in Iran
  33. Back to top↑ Sentences of White House spokesman Sean McCormack against the conference promoted by Iran
  34. ↑ Jump to:a b Condemnations of the British Prime Minister Tonny Blair and other personalities regarding the conference that took place in Tehran
  35. Back to top↑ Official report
  36. Back to top↑ Holocaust deniers in Iran
  37. Back to top↑ Russia condemns Holocaust conference in Iran
  38. Back to top↑ Swiss Foreign Ministry condemns denialist conference in Iran
  39. Back to top↑ Sentences of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland against the Holocaust conference in Iran
  40. Back to top↑ Letter condemning the Mexican government against the conference that denied the Holocaust
  41. Back to top↑ News from the Guardian newspaper quoting the condemnation of the Holy See for the conference held in Tehran
  42. Back to top↑ UN adopts resolution condemning Holocaust denial
  43. Back to top↑ “The Holocaust is a lie” . Article in The Country of September 19, 2009.
  44. Back to top↑ Ahmadinejad calls “proofs” of the Holocaust and calls for a common front against Israel . Quoted in an article on the website of the RTVE of September 18 of 2009 .
  45. Back to top↑ Ahmadinejad says the Holocaust was a “pretext” of Israel to create a “Zionist regime” Incendiary speech by Iranian president against the Jewish state onoccasion of the annual feast against the creation of the Jewish country. Www.cadenaser.com, 09/18/2009.
  46. Back to top↑ The international community condemned Ahmadinejad for his revisionist statements Guysen International News, 09/21/2009
  47. ↑ Jump to:a b c Article on the speech given by Ahmadinejad at United Nations Headquarters and reproduced by Guysen News International
  48. Back to top↑ Infolive News
  49. Back to top↑ Opinion article published in Aurora
  50. Back to top↑ Speech reproduced by the Iranian News Agency
  51. Back to top↑ Official transcript of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s speech
  52. Back to top↑ Digest of Iranian President’s speeches in September 2008 Reprinted by MEMRI
  53. Back to top↑ Infolive News
  54. Back to top↑ Aurora news
  55. Back to top↑ Rafael Bardají article denouncing the apology of the Ahmadinejad genocide
  56. Back to top↑ Article in English by Ana Bayefsky
  57. Back to top↑ Infolive News
  58. Back to top↑ «Boycott a UN conference» . Page / 12 . April 2004 . Consulted on April 5, 2009 . “The United States, Israel and Germany had already refused to attend the conference on racism. Ahmadinejad’s anti-Semitic speech sparked the departure of British diplomats and other European countries.
  59. Back to top↑ “Ban accuses Ahmadinejad of inciting division” . Europe press . April 2009 . Consulted on April 5, 2009 . “UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon accused Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of using the UN Conference on Racism, held in Geneva, as a platform to incite division.On the opening day of the event, Ahmadinejad reiterated his view that the Holocaust is a “myth” and accused Israel of being the “most cruel and racist regime.” He also said that after the Second World War the Israelis occupied Palestinian territories “under the pretext of Jewish suffering.”
  60. Back to top↑ “Argentina categorically rejected” the statements of the Iranian president ” . Diario Clarín . April 2009 . Consulted on April 5, 2009 . “The government joined this afternoon to international repudiation for the statements of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at the Conference against Racism and Racial Discrimination in Geneva. The Chancellery rejected “categorically” the president’s words with which he considered “questionable and ambiguous to the question of the Holocaust.”
  61. Back to top↑ Controversy Statement by Iran’s President on Homosexuality
  62. Back to top↑ Condemns in Argentina against Ahmadinejad’s extremist speech
  63. Back to top↑ Homosexuality in Iran
  64. Back to top↑ Homosexuality in Iran
  65. Back to top↑ Homosexuality in Iran
  66. Back to top↑ Homosexuality in Iran
  67. Back to top↑ Homosexuality in Iran
  68. Back to top↑ Homosexuality in Iran
  69. Back to top↑ Sharia Wikipedia
  70. Back to top↑ Homosexuals in Middle East /
  71. Back to top↑ http://www.latercera.com/contenido/678_141652_9.shtml electoral process in Iran 2009
  72. Back to top↑ Ex-agent: Iran leader not a hostage-taker – World news – MSNBC.com
  73. Back to top↑ Demonstrations for the 33rd anniversary of the takeover of the US Embassy in Tehran
  74. Back to top↑ «Ahamadinejad:” We will reach the nuclear energy in near future. ” » . BBC Persian . Accessed October 29, 2006 .
  75. Back to top↑ «Excerpts: Ahmadinejad conference» . BBC News . January 14 , 2006 . Accessed October 29, 2006 .
  76. Back to top↑ «Ahmadinejad: Iran can now talk to the world from vantage point of a nuclear state» . Arabicnews.com. April 13 , 2006 . Archived from the original on November 27, 2015 . Accessed October 29, 2006 .
  77. Back to top↑ «Ahmadinejad: Iran nuke right non-negotiable» . UPI . April 13 , 2006 . Archived from the originalon July 20, 2012 . Accessed December 6, 2006 .
  78. Back to top↑ Recknagel, Charles ( June 27 , 2005 ). «Iran: Election Of Ahmadinejad Unlikely To Affect Nuclear Negotiations» . Radio Free Europe . Accessed October 29, 2006 .
  79. Back to top↑ «Ahmadi Nejad: Iran Completes Nuclear Cycle» . The Media Line . November 15 , 2006 . Archived from the original on November 27, 2015 . Consulted the 15 of November of 2006 .