John Demjanjuk (born Ivan Demianiuk Mikoláiovich (Іван Миколайович Дем’янюк), Ukraine , 3 of April of 1920 – Bad Feilnbach , Germany , 17 of March of 2012 ) 2 3 was a worker retired from the automotive sector, accused of committing crimes war for his role in the Holocaust perpetrated by the Nazis during World war II , as a member of the Schutzstaffel , or SS Nazi. 4
He is accused of having participated in the death of at least 27,900 people 5 in the Sobibor Nazi extermination camp in Poland between March and September 1943, for which he was nicknamed Ivan the Terrible . 6
After World War II, Demjanjuk emigrated to the American continent, obtaining US citizenship. In 1983 the Israeli government requested his extradition to stand trial for war crimes, citing the Act for the punishment of the Nazis and their collaborators (official name of Nazis and Nazi Collaborators Punishment Law 5710-1950 ) 7 , 1950. He was deported Israel on 28 of February of 1986 8 and brought to trial on 26 November that year. Two years later, the 18 of April of1988 was found guilty of all charges against him and a week later was sentenced to death by hanging .
The 29 of July of 1993 , five judges of the Supreme Court of Israel overturned the verdict on appeal. They were based on written statements made by former guards in Treblinka that the defendant’s real name was “Marchenko” and not Demjanjuk. 9 Those statements were obtained by the Soviets after the end of World War II , since they prosecuted criminally Ukrainians who helped the Nazis as forces auxiliaries during the war. In 1993 he was released from prison and returned to the United States, where he was returned.
Demjanjuk lost US nationality in 2002 for having lied about his past, never showing public repentance for his alleged involvement in the Holocaust.
In December 2008, the main German judicial authority estimated that a Munich court was competent to try him because the defendant lived near the Bavarian capital in 1952 before emigrating to the United States. In March 2009 the agreed terms for extradition from the US to Germany. 10
The 14 of April of 2009 US immigration agents were brought to his residence Demjanjuk to be deported later. 11 On the same day, a son of Demjanjuk filed a motion in the Sixth Circuit of the US Court of Appeal. UU. Requesting that the deportation be stopped, 11 what was granted. 12 The US Government arguedthat the Court of Appeals had no jurisdiction to review the decision of the Immigration Appeals Board that denied Demjanjuk’s stay.
Demjanjuk died on March 17, 2012 at a nursing home in Bad Feilnbach , southern Germany . 3
- Back to top↑ Cleveland
- Back to top↑ «Demjanjuk Case» . Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel .
- ↑ Jump to:a b «The Nazi war criminal Demjanjuk dies at freedom at age 91» . The vanguard. March 17, 2012.
- Back to top↑ German prosecutors charge alleged Nazi camp guard with 29,000 counts of accessory to murder NRToday. March 11, 2009. Revised March 15, 2009.
- Back to top↑ John Demjanjuk will be finally tried as of Monday in Munich for his participation in the death of 27,900 Jews in 1943 The 10 most wanted Nazi criminals. Www.abc.es, 11/30/2009
- Back to top↑ German Justice issues an arrest warrant against Ivan the Terrible Journal of Cadiz , March 12, 2009; Revised March 15, 2009.
- Back to top↑ Nazis and Nazi Collaborators (Punishment) Law, 5710-1950, of August 1, 1950 Content of the Law published on the official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Israel. Retrieved on December 1, 2009.
- Back to top↑ 1993: Israeli court sets Demjanjuk free
- Back to top↑ ACQUITTAL IN JERUSALEM; Israel Court Sets Demjanjuk Free, But He Is Now Without a Country , New York Times , Chris Hedges, July 30, 1993
- Back to top↑ Germany and the United States agree on the terms for the extradition of Ivan the Terrible . DNA. March 15, 2009. Revised March 15, 2009.
- ↑ Jump to:a b «Demjanjuk removed from Ohio home on stretcher» . Associated Press . Archived from the original on April 17, 2009 . Consulted the 14 of April of 2009 .
- Back to top↑ «Nazi war crimes suspect granted emergency stay» . CNN . Consulted the 14 of April of 2009 .