Jean-Marie Le Pen ( La Trinite-sur-Mer , June 20, 1928) is a politician of extreme right French , one president of the National Front ( Front National , FN) since its founding in 1972 to the 16 of January of 2011 .
His most well-known facet is his refusal to admit immigration from outside Europe in France . His most successful electoral success was in 2002 , when he entered the second round of presidential elections in front of Jacques Chirac . After being expelled from the National Front in August of 2015, the 5 of September announced the creation of a new party, the Union White Red White ( Rassemblement Bleu Blanc Rouge ). 2
Le Pen was born on 20 June 1928 in La Trinité-sur-Mer , 3 a small Breton port , the son of a fisherman. Le Pen was orphaned in his teens. He is now a wealthy businessman, thanks in part to the inheritance he received in 1977 from a sympathizer.
Le Pen studied political science and law .
Married twice, the first marriage was with Pierrette Lalanne (with whom she has three daughters and nine granddaughters) and the second with Jeanne-Marie Paschos (“Jany”), of Greek descent.
Veteran decorated the French parachutes of the Foreign Legion in Indochina ( 1953 ), Suez ( 1956 ) and Algeria ( 1957 ). Le Pen began his political career when he was elected in 1956 , deputy (the youngest) of the French National Assembly for Paris by the party of Pierre Poujade (UDCA, Union of Defense of Traders and Artisans ).
In 1957 he became secretary general of the National Combatants Front (FNC). The following year he was re-elected deputy of the French National Assembly with the party National Center of Independents and Peasants ( CNIP ), led by Antoine Pinay . In 1965 he became the director of Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour’s presidential campaign .
In 1972 he founded the extreme right party of the National Front (FN, Front National ). 4 Election results started to grow since 1983.
In 1984 and 1999 Le Pen won a seat in the European Parliament. Private It was his seat by the European Court of Justice on October of April of 2003 . In 1992 and 1998 he was elected to the regional parliament of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur. His political career has been more successful in the south of France.
Le Pen presented himself to the French presidential elections in 1974 , 1988 , 1995 with mediocre results, however in the elections of 2002 , Le Pen obtained 16.86% of the votes in the first round. They were enough to accede to the second round, by the poor result of the socialist candidate, Lionel Jospin (ex-prime minister) and the fragmentation of the voting among other fifteen candidates, lost before Jacques Chirac . In the elections the year 2007 returned to postulate to the presidency, although this time it was in fourth place with something more of 10% of the votes.
The November of September of 2008 announced the abandonment of political activity in an interview with Valeurs Actuelles , stating: “would have to be exceptional circumstances for him to return again” . 5
In January 2011, the National Front president ceded her daughter Marine Le Pen and was named honorary president of the party. 6
The 4 of maypole of 2015 was suspended from membership of the party he founded, as a result of a controversial statements about the denial of the Nazi Holocaust. After a long conflict, during which it forced the party to readmit it, was expelled definitively the 20 of August of that year. 7
On September 5, 2015 in Marseille, before 300 supporters announced the creation of a new political formation, the White Union Red White ( Rassemblement Bleu Blanc Rouge ) with the aim of bringing together the extreme right. 2
Conviction by apology of crimes of war and negacionismo
In February 2008 the Paris Correctional Court sentenced him for a crime of complicity with the apology of war crimes and denial of a crime against humanity to three months of conditional imprisonment and to pay a fine of 10,000 euros for having said in an interview In 2005 that the Nazi occupation of France “was not particularly inhumane”. The statements were made in the far right magazine Rivarol . Previously, Le Pen had been fined in 2005 for a few words against immigrants and in 1998 a similar penalty for defending racial inequality. In 1997 he was convicted of saying that the gas chambers were a “detail of history”, while eight years earlier he had been sanctioned for denying the existence of this Nazi extermination tool . Referring to Fig.
His controversial vision of the Nazi holocaust motivated in May of 2015 his suspension of militancy of the National Front , party that he himself founded. Referring to Fig.
Your electoral program
The electoral program of Jean-Marie Le Pen in the elections of 2002 included among others the following points:
- Denunciation of most international agreements (Maastricht, Schengen, etc.).
- Abolition of the euro and return to the French franc as legal tender.
- Reinstatement of the death penalty for military personnel only.
- Strong anti-immigration policy (expulsion of all illegal immigrants from France)
- This article is a derivative work of «  » by journalists of 20minutos.es , available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license .
- Back to top↑ Davies and Lynch, 2002 , p. 221.
- ↑ Jump to:a b «Jean-Marie Le Pen creates a new party after his expulsion from the National Front» . September 5, 2015 . Consulted on September 6, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Jean-Marie Le Pen» . European Parliament .
- Back to top↑ Davies and Lynch, 2002 , p. 286.
- Back to top↑ French right-wing Le Pen quits politics , El País , September 11, 2008.
- Back to top↑ «Marine Le Pen, proclaimed new president of the National Front» . The newspaper. January 16, 2011 . Consulted on September 6, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Jean-Marie Le Pen is expelled from the French National Front» . Newspaper El País . August 20, 2015.
- Back to top↑ “Le Pen condemned for apology of Nazism” , article of February 8, 2008 in the newspaper 20 Minutos (Madrid).
- Back to top↑ «Jean Marie Le Pen suspended from militancy for his philanthropic comments» , article of May 4, 2015 in the newspaper ” El País (Madrid)”