Hinrich Lohse

Hinrich Lohse ( Mühlenbarbek , 2 of September of 1896 – ibid . , 25 of February of 1964 ) was a politician German Nazi Party , especially known for his role during the Nazi occupation of the Baltic States in the Second World War .


Early years

Hinrich Lohse was born in the town of Mühlenbarbek , in the province of Schleswig-Holstein , in the context of a small family of farmers. From 1903 to 1912 he attended the Volksschule of his native town, and then attended the Higher School of Commerce. In 1913 he worked as a laborer at the Blohm & Voss shipyards in Hamburg . During World War I he served in the German Reichsheer from September 23, 1915 until October 30, 1916, when he was licensed because of his war wounds.

Race in the Nazi Party

From 1919, Lohse was the first to join the Schleswig-Holstein Farmers’ Association, and a year later he was appointed Secretary- General of the Schleswig-Holsteinische Bauern- und Landarbeiterdemokratie . In 1923 he joined the Nazi Party and the 27 as March as 1925 became Gauleiter Schleswig-Holstein. In 1924, as a member of Völkisch -Sozialer Block , he became the only Nazi to get elected Representative ( Stadtverordnetenkollegium ) in the City of Altona . During this time he led several national farmers’ associations in northern Germany , such as the Landvolkbewegung (“People’s Peoples Movement”) within the Nazi Party. Between 1928 and 1929 he also temporarily administered the Nazi Gau of Hamburg .

Lohse, who had been a member of the Reichstag since 1932, was appointed Oberpräsident of the Province of Schleswig-Holstein shortly after the Machtergreifung . In 1934 he became the leader of the Nordic Association ( Nordische Gesellschaft ). Already begun World War II , in 1942 was named Commissioner of Defense of the Reich like all the Gauleiters .

Reichskommissar to Ostland

The 17 of July of 1941 , after starting the invasion of the Soviet Union , Lohse was named ” Reichskommissar for Ostland ” but continued to maintain their functions and Schleswig-Holstein came to hold two offices between Riga and Kiel . After assuming the position, Lohse was in charge of placing in the important positions of the Reichskommisariat many of his old friends of Schleswig-Holstein with related ideas. He maintained his position in the Reichskommisariat Ostland until the fall of 1944 , when he fled before the advance of the Red Army . In the last moments of the race, when the defeat of the Nazi Germany was evident , it continued in Schleswig-Holstein exerting its position of Commissioner of Defense of the Reich with absolute powers.

During his stay in Riga he shared with Adolf Prutzman many of the responsibilities for the creation of Jewish ghettos in Latvia .


The 6 of maypole of 1945 , due to the demands British , Lohse was dismissed as President of Schleswig-Holstein by Reichspräsident Karl Doenitz . Shortly afterwards he would be captured by soldiers of the British Army and subjected to trials during the postwar period; In 1948 he was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although in 1951 he would be released because of his poor health.

Still, after that they were initiated two investigations by prosecutors . As if that were not enough, the state pension he received as Oberpräsident was withdrawn under the pressure of the Landtag Schleswig-Holstein . Lohse would spend his twilight years in Mühlenbarbek, until his death in 1964 .