The Führer ( German : Führerhauptquartiere ), abbreviated FHQ , is the common name of official headquarters used by the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler and several German commanders and officials from throughout Europe during World War II . 1 Perhaps the best known is the seat of Führerbunker of Berlin , where Hitler committed suicide on 30 of April of 1945 .
Other notable headquarters are Wolfsschanze ( Wolf ‘s Lair ) in East Prussia , where he failed the conspiracy led by Claus von Stauffenberg to assassinate Hitler on 20 of July of 1944 , and the private home of Hitler, the Berghof in Obersalzberg , near Berchtesgaden , where he frequently met with prominent national and foreign officials.
Location of the General Barracks
There were fourteen Führer General Headquarters completed (over 20 planned): 2
|First name||Alternative Designations||Location||Beginning of the works||Finalized||Used as Headquarters|
|Adlerhorst 3||Mühle (OT)
|Bad Nauheim , Germany||September 1, 1939||Yes||Yes – used by Hitler during the Battle of the Ardennes|
|Anlage Mitte 3||Askania Mitte||Tomaszów Mazowiecki , Poland||December 1, 1940||Yes||Yes – industrial only|
|Anlage Riese 2||Do not||Wałbrzych , Poland||October 1943||Do not||Do not|
|Anlage Süd 3||Askania SÃ¼d||Strzyżów , Poland||October 1, 1940||Yes||Yes – Hitler met Mussolini here on 27 and 28 August 1941 3|
|Berghof 2 /
|Do not||Obersalzberg , Berchtesgaden , Germany||What?||Yes||Yes – the Allies thought it might have been the Alpenfestung (‘Alpine fortress’), the last Nazi stronghold, in which the last fighting would take place|
|Bärenhöhle 4||Do not||Smolensk , Russia||October 1, 1941||Yes||No – used only by Army Group Center|
|Felsennest 5||Do not||Rodert, Bad Münstereifel , Germany||1940||Yes||Yes – used by Hitler during the Battle of France in May 1940|
|Führerbunker 6||Do not||Berlin , Germany||1936/1943||Yes||Yes – Hitler committed suicide here in 1945|
|Führersonderzug 1||(Special Train)
|Olga 2||Do not||200 km north of Minsk , Belarus||July 1, 1943||Do not||Do not|
|S III 2||Wolfsturm, Olga, etc.||Ohrdruf , Germany||Fall of 1944 (?)||Do not||Do not|
|Siegfried 2||Do not||Pullach , Germany||What?||What?||What?|
|Tannenberg 7||Do not||Freudenstadt / Kniebis , Germany||October 1, 1939||Yes||Yes (27 June – 5 July 1940)|
|W3||Do not||Saint-Rimay by Vendôme , France||May 1, 1942||Do not||Do not|
|Waldwiese 4||Do not||Glan-Münchweiler , Germany||October 1, 1939||Yes||Do not|
|Wasserburg 4||Do not||Pskow (Pleskau), Russia||November 1, 1942||Yes||No (assigned to Army Group North )|
|Wehrwolf 3||Eichenhain||Vinnytsia , Ukraine||November 1, 1941||Yes||Yes|
|Wolfsschanze 8||Askania Nord, «Lobo del Lobo»||Kętrzyn (Rastenburg), Poland||December 1, 1940||Yes||Yes – place of the attack of 20 of July of 1944|
|Wolfsschlucht I 9||Do not||Brûly-de-Pesche, near Couvin , Belgium||May 1, 1940||Yes||Yes|
|Wolfsschlucht II 3||W2||Margival , France||September 1, 1942||Yes||Yes|
|Zigeuner 2||Brunhilde||Thionville , France||April 1, 1944||Yes||Yes|
- Architecture of Nazi Germany
- SS-Begleitkommando des Führers
- ↑ Jump to:a b Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , Introduction and p. 1.
- ↑ Jump to:a b c d e f g Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , p. 2.
- ↑ Jump to:a b c d e f Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , pp. 48-51.
- ↑ Jump to:a b c Der Kommandant Führerhauptquartier from Das Bundesarchiv (German, www.bundesarchiv.de).
- Back to top↑ Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , p. Four.
- Back to top↑ The Berlin Führerbunker: The Thirteenth Hole, After the Battle , No.61 Special Edition (entire).
- Back to top↑ Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , p. 18.
- Back to top↑ Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , p. 28.
- Back to top↑ Raiber, Richard, Guide to Hitler’s Headquarters, After The Battle, No.19 , p. 10.