Erich Neumann (Nazi politician)

Erich Neumann ( Forst , Lausitz , 31 May of 1892 – place to be determined, 1948 or Garmisch-Partenkirchen , 23 of March of 1951 ) was a political Nazi .


Neumann was born in Forst ( Lusatia ) into a Protestant family . His father owned a factory.

After finishing high school, Neumann studied law and economics at the universities of Freiburg , Leipzig and Halle . He fought in World War I and reached the rank of first lieutenant ( Oberleutnant ). In 1920, he served as civilian civil servant in the Prussian Interior Ministry and later in the Essen District Office .

Neumann became a senior director (Regierungsrat) at the Prussian Ministry of Commerce in 1923. In 1927/28 he became president of the district of Freystadt ( Lower Silesia ), then acted as junior ministerial undersecretary again at the Ministry of Commerce Of Prussia. In September 1932, he was appointed permanent secretary to the Prussian Ministry of State, where he was in charge of administrative reforms.

Neumann joined the Nazi party in May 1933, four months after Adolf Hitler came to power. He joined the SS in 1934, being commissioned as major. In 1936, he was appointed director of the Foreign Currency Department of the Office of the Plenipotentiary for the Four-Year Plan. In 1938, he was promoted to undersecretary and attended the meeting of Hermann Göring on the “Aryanization” of the German economy. He represented the Ministries of Economy, Labor, Finance, Food, Transport, and Weapons and Ammunition at the Wannsee Conference of 1942. Neumann requested that Jewish workers in companies essential to the war effort be deported for the time being. Between August 1942 and May 1945, he was the general manager of the German Potassium Syndicate.

He was arrested, imprisoned and interrogated by the Allies in 1945, after the war, but was released for health reasons in 1948. Some sources place his death in that same year, however, Federal Records of Germany indicate his death three years Later, at Garmisch-Partenkirchen , on 23 March 1951.


  • ‘Die Teilnehmer an der Konferenz’ . Haus der Wannsee Konferenz (in German) . Retrieved on April 3, 2010 .
  • ‘Erich Neumann Biographie’ . German Federal Archives (in German) . Retrieved on April 3, 2010 .