Johann Dietrich Eckart ( Neumarkt , Upper Palatinate , 23 of March of 1868 – Munich , 26 of December of 1923 ), politician and ideologue German , famous for his involvement in the early National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP).
Son of an evangelical notary , he studied medicine . He worked as a journalist and, in 1885 , after the death of his father, can be transferred thanks to the inheritance received to Leipzig first and then to Regensburg . In 1899 , already lack of money, it moves to Berlin , where it initiates a race like writer and playwright. He writes plays of different types and poems. His most outstanding work was an adaptation of the work Peer Gynt , which became the classic version and assured him copyright continuously. Moved to Munich in 1913 , he enters into a relationship with the Thule Society , a mystical ultranationalist society, and works as a journalist for anti-Semitic and far-right publications. That same year, he married the widow Rosa Marx, whom he divorced in 1920. In December 1918 he founded a periodical called Auf gut deutsch ( In Good German ), focused on attacking the republican system of Germany and posing nationalist positions , Pan-Germanists and anti-Semites .
After having taken refuge for a certain period of 1923 in the region of Berchtesgaden fleeing from the Leipzig courts, which persecuted him for having written an article considered injurious against President Ebert and after having been remanded in custody following the failed coup Of Ludendorff and Hitler in Munich in the month of November, its heart definitively decided the 26 of December of 1923 in that city, in whose cemetery was buried.
On 14 August as as 1919 makes his first speech as speaker for the DAP ( German Workers ‘ Party ), a party that would become later in the NSDAP . Eckart soon became the mentor in the world of politics and protector of that young oratorical talent that would coincidentally be discovered for the party weeks later: Adolf Hitler . During the first years of the movement, Eckart will be one of his ideologues and party speakers with Gottfried Feder , among others.
In 1920 he recommends to Hitler the purchase of the weekly newspaper Münchner Beobachter , for which he obtains the aid of funds of individuals and money coming from the Reichswehr via Ritter von Epp , endorsing this loan with his house and belongings. Eckart became the first editor-in-chief of the Völkischer Beobachter (new name of the now official newspaper of the NSDAP ), position that would exercise until March of 1923 .
As a man of good relations in the bourgeois circles of Bavaria and Berlin , he gradually introduced Hitler into these environments, where wealthy businessmen and bourgeois lent themselves to financially aid the party during the early years. He is also credited with having been the one who helped to polish the forms and ways of behavior in society of Hitler.
Before his death in 1923 he had pronounced:
Follow Hitler. He will dance, but I have composed the music. We have given you the means to communicate with them … Do not cry to me: I will have influenced History more than any German … [ citation needed ]
Hitler corresponded to Eckart with the final phrase of his work Mi lucha , saying:
I also want to mention the man who, as one of the best, devoted his life to poetry, to the idea and finally to action, to the resurgence of his and our people: Dietrich Eckart
In December 1923 , it was posthumously published an unfinished essay in the form of dialogue that had been preparing in Berchtesgaden : The Bolshevism from Moses to Lenin . A dialogue between Hitler and me . Eckart was the author of the Sturm Lied ( SA) and the first to use the expression Deutschland Erwache! (Germany, wake up!), Which would become the NSDAP war cry in the second half of the 1920s.