Bernhard Rust (September 30, 1883-8 May 1945) was a German politician , a member of the Nazi Party . He became Minister of Science, Education and National Culture – Reichserziehungsminister – during the Nazi regime. 1
Born in Hannover, he earned a doctorate in Germanic philology and philosophy. After passing the state teaching exams in 1908, he began working as a secondary school teacher at the Ratsgymnasium in Hannover. He came to participate in World War I, where he reached the rank of lieutenant. He was decorated with the Iron Cross for his courage.
Rust proposed in 1944 a reform of the German or “Rust Reformation “, which proposed among other things the elimination of extension symbols, separation of verbal forms or common nouns were written in lower case. 2 The proposals were blocked both by Hitler’s disinterest – which did not consider reform as a priority for war – and by the internal opposition Rust found among some officials of the ministry of education. However, many of the proposed changes were finally implemented in the 1996 German Spelling Reform . 3
Rust committed suicide on May 8, 1945, when Germany surrendered to the allies . 4
- Back to top↑ Claudia Koonz (2003). The Nazi Conscience , The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, p. 134
- Back to top↑ Sally Johnson (2005). Spelling Trouble? Language, Ideology and the Reform of German Orthography , Multilingual Matters, pp. 29-30
- Back to top↑ Sally Johnson (2005). Spelling Trouble? Language, Ideology and the Reform of German Orthography , Multilingual Matters, p. 29
- Back to top↑ Christian Goeschel (2009). Suicide in Nazi Germany , OUP, Oxford, p. 152