Annex: Expert T4

The T4 experts were medical experts who were employed by the Zentraldienststelle-T4 (‘T4 service center’) to organize and carry out the killings of the Aktion T4 Euthanasia Program and based on questionnaires with data on the sick and disabled, decided Which would be the victims who would be killed by gas in special institutions. From an internal document of the organization T4 a list of 40 doctors who worked of experts for the Aktion T4 appears. 1

List of experts T4

Doctor Lifetime Season of expert
Hermann Pfannmüller June 8, 1886 – April 10, 1961 Since November 17, 1939
Ernst Wagenknecht October 23, 1880 -? November 17, 1939 – February 16, 1940
Ernst Hefter January 11, 1906 – April 11, 1947 Since November 17, 1939
Hans Heinze October 18, 1895 – February 2, 1983 Since November 17, 1939
Walter Kaldewey December 10, 1896 – January 13, 1954 February 28, 1940 – January 29, 1941
Carl-Heinz Rodenberg November 19, 1904 – 1995 February 28, 1940 – October 14, 1940
Arthur Schreck August 15, 1878 – October 3, 1963 February 28, 1940 – November 30, 1940
Theodor Steinmeyer December 7, 1897 – May 26, 1945 Since 28 February 1940
Hermann Paul Nitsche November 25, 1876 – March 25, 1947 Since 28 February 1940
Friedrich Mennecke October 6, 1904 – December 28, 1947 Since 28 February 1940
Friedrich Panse March 30, 1899 – December 6, 1973 May 14, 1940 – December 16, 1940
Carl Schneider December 19, 1891 – December 11, 1946 Since April 20, 1940
Kurt Pohlisch March 28, 1893 – February 6, 1955 30 April 1940 – 6 January 1941
Konrad Zucker December 7, 1893 – August 31, 1978 Since May 8, 1940
Georg Renno January 13, 1907 – October 4, 1997 Since 31 May 1940
Otto Reisch October 23, 1891 – 1977 April 30, 1940 – July 2, 1940
Otto Hebold July 27, 1896 – January 4, 1975 Since May 8, 1940
Rudolf Lonauer 9 January 1907 – 5 May 1945 Since 9 May 1940
Hans-Alois Schmitz July 1, 1899 – March 6, 1973 July 30, 1940 – November 14, 1940
Berthold Kihn March 10, 1895 – January 19, 1964 Since June 5, 1940
Günter Munckwitz March 13, 1912 – 1970 July 25, 1940 – January 31, 1941
Wilhelm Schumacher November 19, 1908 -? Since 5 August 1940
Oskar Begusch January 21, 1897 – January 11, 1944 September 2, 1940 – July 4, 1941
Ernst Sorger November 19, 1892 – August 9, 1945 September 2, 1940 – March 8, 1941
Walter Schmidt July 9, 1910 – January 31, 1970 September 2, 1940 – December 1940
Friedrich Mauz May 1, 1900 – July 7, 1979 Since 6 September 1940
Valentin Faltlhauser November 28, 1876 – January 8, 1961 Since 6 September 1940
Hanns Heene August 11, 1896 – April 13, 1948 September 6, 1940 – December 1940
Franz Fehringer June 14, 1903 -? September 6, 1940 – January 13, 1941
Hans Bertha April 14, 1901 – January 3, 1964 September 30, 1940 – March 1941
Erwin Jekelius June 5, 1905 – May 8, 1952 October 14, 1940 – February 1941
Robert Müller January 14, 1886 – June 2, 1945 Since March 4, 1941
Werner Villinger October 9, 1887 – August 8, 1961 Since 28 March 1941
Erich Straub August 26, 1885 – April 29, 1945 Since July 8, 1941
Gerhard Wischer February 1, 1903 – November 4, 1950 Since August 2, 1941
Curt Schmalenbach February 24, 1910 – June 15, 1944 Since 28 August 1941
Victor Ratka December 27, 1895 – April 5, 1966 Since 10 September 1941
Curd Runckel August 4, 1913 -? Ab 3 October 1942
Alfred Schulz September 13, 1890 – 1947 Since May 7, 1943
Gustav Schneider April 15, 1908 -? Since 31 May 1943 (?)

The questionnaires were sent in the form of a copy to three or four experts. The result was gathered by the T4-Zentraldienststelle and presented to one of the three Obergutachter (“senior experts”) who had the last word.

List of T4-Obergutachter 

Person Lifetime Season of expert
Werner Heyde April 25, 1902 – February 13, 1964 October 1939 – December 1941
Hermann Paul Nitsche November 25, 1876 – March 25, 1948 Since 28 February 1940
Herbert Linden September 14, 1899 – April 27, 1945 Since October 1939

List of experts for child euthanasia

There were also three medical experts for the Aktion T4 for children, started shortly before the adult:

Person Lifetime Season of expert
Werner Catel June 27, 1894 – April 30, 1961 From autumn 1939
Hans Heinze October 18, 1895 – February 2, 1983 From autumn 1939
Ernst Wentzler September 3, 1891 – August 9, 1973 From autumn 1939

References

  1. Back to top↑ Heidelberger Dokument, Blatt 127891, quoted according to the fac-simile in Klee “‘Euthanasie’ im NS-Staat,” page 228.