Alter Kämpfer (in German “old fighter”, plural: Alte Kämpfer , “old guard”) was a term used in the Nazi party to refer to the first members of the party, 1 for example, those who were incorporated before their arrival at Power in Germany on January 30, 1933, especially from the first years of foundation, between 1919 and 1923. 2 As an “old guard” with a proven dedication to the movement in the so-called Kampfzeit (“fighting period”) of 1925- 1933, were distinguished from the new members of the party, who joined when they were already raised with power, perhaps opportunism. Three decorations were instituted for this distinction: 3
- The Cabrio of honor of the old guard , granted to the members of the party or affiliated organizations before the 30 of January of 1933.
- The Golden Party Plate , awarded to the first 100,000 party members. 4
- The Order of Blood , for those who participated in the failed Putsch of Munich of 1923.
- Back to top↑ Hilde Kammer und Elisabeth Bartsch: Jugendlexikon Nationalsozialismus. Begriffe aus der Zeit der Gewaltherrschaft 1933-1945 , Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag 1982
- Back to top↑ FA Brockhaus: Der Neue Brockhaus. Allbuch in vier Bänden und einem Atlas , Band 1, S. 70, Leipzig 1938
- Back to top↑ Brian L. Davis and Ian Westwell: Deutsche Uniformen und Abzeichen 1933-1945 , S. 113, Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart 2006
- Back to top↑ Christian Zentner and Friedemann Bedürftig: Das Große Lexikon des Dritten Reiches , S. 23, Südwest Verlag 1985