Alois Hitler

Alois Hitler (born Alois Schicklgruber ; Strones, Municipality of Dollersheim , Bezirk Zwettl , Niederösterreich , 7 of June of 1837 – Leonding near Linz , 3 of January of 1903 ) was an officer of customs Austrian , known as the father of Adolf Hitler .

The 7 of January of 1885 he married his niece or nephew second (depending on whether the father Alois was Johann Georg and Johann von Nepomuk) Klara Pölzl , with whom he had six children, of whom only two of them reached the age Adult: Adolf and Paula Hitler.

Early years

Alois Schicklgruber was born in the village of Strones in Waldviertel, an area of ​​forested hills in northwestern Lower Austria , north of Vienna , as the son of a 42-year-old single female farm worker, Maria Anna Schicklgruber , whose family had lived there. Zone for generations. After being baptized in the nearby village of Döllersheim, the space for his father’s name on the baptism certificate was left blank and the priest wrote Illegitimate . Alois was carefully raised by his mother in a house he shared in Strones with his elderly father, Johannes Schicklgruber.

Some time later, Johann Georg Hiedler moved in with the Schicklgrubers and married Maria when Alois was 5 years old. At age 10, Alois had been sent to live with Hiedler’s brother, Johann Nepomuk Hüttler , who owned a farm in the nearby village of Spital. Alois attended elementary school and took classes in the manufacture of shoes from a local shoemaker. When he was 13 years old, he left the farm at Spital and went to Vienna as an apprentice shoemaker, working there for about five years. In response to a campaign to recruit the government of Austria in the public administration of rural people, Alois joined the border guards (Service Customs) of the Austrian Ministry of Finance in 1855 to Age of 18 years.

Advances in his career

Alois Schicklgruber made steady progress in the semi-military customs officer profession . A work involving frequent reassignments and served in a variety of places throughout Austria . In 1860 , after five years of service, he reached the rank of Finanzwach Oberaufseher. In 1864 , after a special training and some exams, he had advanced remarkably and was serving in Linz . He later became customs inspector at Braunau am Inn in 1875 . Even so, he could no longer be promoted in his career as he lacked the academic and academic degrees required.

Change of surname

As a young customs officer , he used his birth name Schicklgruber , but in mid- 1876 , at age 39 and well established in his career, he asked permission to use his stepfather’s . He appeared before a parson in Döllersheim and claimed that his father was Johann Georg Hiedler, who had married his mother and now wanted to legitimize his father’s last name. Three relatives appeared with him as witnesses, one of them was Johann Nepomuk Hüttler, the legal son. The priest agreed to modify the records, the civil authorities automatically processed the decision of the Church , and Alois Schicklgruber had a new surname. The official change, registered in the government office in Mistelbach in 1877, transformed it into “Alois Hitler”. It is not known who decided on the spelling of Hitler instead of Hiedler.

It is stated that Alois Schicklgruber openly admitted being born out of wedlock before and after the change of surname. Alois may have been influenced to change his name for reasons of legal convenience. Historian Werner Maser states that in 1876 , Franz Schicklgruber, the administrator of Alois’ mother’s estate, transferred him a large sum of money, 230 florins. Supposedly, Johann Georg Hiedler yielded on his deathbed and left an inheritance to his illegitimate son (Alois), along with his surname. Some Schicklgrubers remained in Waldviertel. Aloisia Veit (relative of the Schicklgrubers), who was a mentally ill, died in 1940 at the age of 49, in a Nazi gas chamber of Austria; Reason why, was assassinated by its familiar Adolf Hitler , with whom it had few relations.

Biological father

Historians have analyzed three candidates as the biological father of Alois: Johann Georg Hiedler , Johann Nepomuk Hüttler and Leopold Frankenberger , with which Hitler would descend from an alleged Jewish family. Most historians are convinced that Alois’ father was Johann Georg Hiedler, who was his stepfather and after his death legally ceded his surname. [ Citation needed ]

Marriages and children


  • Anna Glassl

( 1873 – 1883 , Sept. 1880 )

  • Franziska Matzelberger

( 1883 – 1884 ) and

  • Klara Pölzl

( 1885 – 1903 )


  • Alois Hitler Jr. ( 1882 – 1956 )
  • Angela Hitler ( 1883 – 1949 )
  • Gustav Hitler ( 1885 – 1887 )
  • Ida Hitler ( 1886 – 1888 )
  • Otto Hitler (1887-1887)
  • Adolf Hitler ( 1889 – 1945 )
  • Edmund Hitler ( 1894 – 1900 )
  • Paula Hitler ( 1896 – 1960 )


In February 1895 , Alois purchased a 3.6-hectare (36,000 m²) plot in Hafeld near Lambach, about 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Linz. The farm was called the Gut Rauscher. He moved with his family to the farm and retired on June 25, 1895 at the age of 58 years after 40 years in the customs service. He found agriculture difficult, lost money, and reduced the value of property.


On the morning of January 3, 1903, Alois addressed Gasthaus Wiesinger as he usually did to drink his morning wine glass . 2 He set out to read the diary, and there he collapsed. He was taken to the adjacent room, which was attended by a doctor, but Alois Hitler had already died, probably of a pleural effusion , at age 65.


  1. Back to top↑ “The Mind of Adolf Hitler”, Walter C. Langer, New York (1972) p.115
  2. Back to top↑ Kershaw, 1999 , p. 43