Adam von Trott zu Solz ( Potsdam , 9 as August as 1909 – Berlin , 26 August as as 1944 ) was a lawyer and diplomat German . It was one of the leaders of the Kreisau Circle ( Kreisauer Kreis ) and was executed for his part in the plot of July 20 of 1944 against Hitler .
Born in Potsdam , Germany , the fifth son of a Prussian civilian who was minister of education with the guillemina administration. He went to the United Kingdom in 1931 to study PPE (Philosophy, Politics and Economics) at Balliol College , Oxford , where he became friends with David Astor and Isaiah Berlin . After his studies at Oxford, von Trott spent six months in the United States . He was descended from John Jay , one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. In 1937 , von Trott was assigned to China .
He used his travels to get support outside Germany for internal opposition against the Nazis . In 1939 he made several visits to London to persuade Lord Lothian and Lord Halifax to pressure the British Government to abandon its policy of permissiveness towards Adolf Hitler . He also visited Washington in October of that year to receive the American support, an attempt that was unsuccessful.
Several friends of von Trott advised him not to return to Germany, a counsel which he did not follow given his conviction that he must do something to stop the Nazi madness. Already in Germany, he entered the Nazi Party to obtain the necessary information for his plan. At the same time, he served as an external political adviser to the Kreisauer Kreis, a group of clandestine German intellectuals planning the fall of the Nazi regime. During World War II , he helped Indian leader Subhas Chandra Bose , fled from Germany at the outbreak of the war, to set up the Indian National Army .
Von Trott was part of the foiled plot of Claus von Stauffenberg ( 20 of July of 1944 ) to assassinate Hitler. He was arrested and sentenced to death on 15 August 1944. On 26 August he was hanged at the Plötzensee prison in Berlin .
Von Trott is one of the five Germans whose name appears on the monument of the Second World War of Balliol College . 1
Von Trott is the author of the book Hegels Staatsphilosophie und das internationale Recht , Diss. Göttingen (V & R), 1932 .
- Back to top↑ Balliol College (University of Oxford). Memorial Inscriptions .