8604 Squadron

The Squadron 8604 or Squadron Nami was a secret medical unit of the Imperial Japanese Army investigating biological weapons and other topics through human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War ( 1937 – 1945 ) and during World War II .

Founded in Guangzhou , Guangdong , near Hong Kong , and with its base at Zhongshan Medical University , 1 Squadron 8604 is considered a subunit of the 731 Squadron . Commanded by General Sato Shunji , a physician , 2had a team of 800 people: 100 officers (many with medical or scientific backgrounds), 200 medical and scientific researchers and 500 soldiers and non-commissioned officers. 3


This center directed experiments in humans: from deprivation of food and water to transmission of typhus through water. In addition, this institution served as the main ratiot hatchery to provide medical units with the vectors of bubonic plague for their experiments. The Japan Times reported on 4 of November of 1994 on the testimony of Shigeru Maruyama, a former member of the 8604 squad, who said that an experiment was to starve prisoners to know how long it would take to die of starvation. 1

See also

  • Japanese war crimes
  • 731 Squadron
  • Kwantung Army
  • Second Sino-Japanese War


  1. ↑ Jump to:a b Gold, Hal (2003). Unit 731 Testimony , p. fifty
  2. Volver arriba↑ Yamada (山田乙三), Otozō, ed. (1950), Materials on the Trial of Former Servicemen of the Japanese Army Charged with Manufacturing and Employing Bacteriological Weapons / Documents relatifs au procès des anciens Militaires de l’Armée Japonaise accusés d’avoir préparé et employé l’Arme Bactériologique / 細菌戦用兵器ノ準備及ビ使用ノ廉デ起訴サレタ元日本軍軍人ノ事件ニ関スル公判書類 / 前日本陸軍軍人因準備和使用細菌武器被控案審判材料, Moscú: Foreign Languages Publishing House, p. 524, OCLC 24964936
  3. Back to top↑ Beam, Thomas E .; Sparacino, Linette R. , eds. (2003), Military Medical Ethics 2 , Falls Church, Virginia: United States Army Office of the Surgeon General , p. 481 , ISBN  9781428910669 , OCLC  52553758