The Freedom Train is a movement in defense of sexual and reproductive rights of women and against the reform of abortion law in Spain that culminated the 1 of February of2014 with a mass demonstration in Madrid calling for the withdrawal of the draft Law of abortion presented by the Minister of Justice Alberto Ruíz Gallardón and demanding his resignation, in addition to defending the law of abortion in force in 2010. 1 The protest was an initiative that emerged in Asturias from the Feminist Tertulia Les Comadres and the organization Women for Equality of Barredos . It was joined by numerous women’s organizations, feminist organizations and entities involved in the fight for sexual and reproductive rights throughout Spain, chartering trains and buses to participate in the central event of the Madrid summit, 2 also supported by opposition parties And trade unions. 3 4 The demonstration started from the Paseo del Prado and crossed the road to the Congress of Deputies where a group of women ‘s representatives presented the manifesto ” For I decided ” by the doctor of philosophy Alicia Miyares 5 with claims mobilization to registration Congress in the name of the President of the Government, the Congress, the Minister of Health, Ana Mato , and the Minister of Justice, Alberto Ruiz Gallardón . 6
In mobilizing Freedom Train tens of thousands of people participated 7 8 and has been considered the largest feminist demonstration in the history of Spain (2015). Referring to Fig.
Demonstrations of support were also held in several European capitals (Edinburgh, Rome, Paris, Luxembourg) and Latin American (Buenos Aires).
The development of the protest was gathered in the documentary, I decide. The Freedom Train was attended by more than 80 filmmakers and professionals from the audiovisual world, including Gracia Querejeta , Ángeles González-Sinde , Mabel Lozano , Icíar Bollaín , Isabel Coixet , Georgina Cisquella and Virginia Yagüe . 10
In 2010 the socialist government led by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero carried out a reform of the abortion law approved by the Congress of Deputies on December 19, 2009, 11 which decriminalized the voluntary termination of pregnancy during the first 14 weeks. 12 The law came into force on July 5, 2010 and replaced Organic Law 9/1985. The Popular Party filed an appeal in June 2010 before the Constitutional Court and in its 2011 electoral program included the amendment of the new law.
After two years of controversy and postponements, 13 on December 20, 2013 the Popular Party government headed by Mariano Rajoy approved a new law considered by health and legal specialists the most restrictive of democracy which he called the Protection of Life Act Of Conceived and of the Rights of the Pregnant Woman. Following the legal procedure, in order to enter into force the preliminary draft had to be submitted to various reports and parliamentary debate. The new project known as “Law Gallardón” had the frontal rejection of the PSOE, IU, UPyD, ERC and PNV, 14 as well as that of feminist organizations that did not fail in their claim against the modification of the law. 13
The demonstration of El Tren de la Libertad was conceived during a meal between feminist activists and friends on December 26, 2013 in Gijón members of the Feminist Tertulia Les Comadres and the organization Women for Equality of Barredos . The initial idea was, explained Begoña Piñero, President of Les Comadres to make a march on foot from Asturias to Madrid following the example of the miners. Finally the idea of the train was chosen and called “The train of the Freedom” . fifteen
During the following days they bought 150 train tickets to Madrid, the maximum that allowed Renfe , places that were covered a few days after the call 16 and transferred the proposal to the feminist networks of Spain that seconded the initiative.
“Because I decide”
The feminist philosopher Alicia Miyares, a member of the Feminist Tertulia Les Comadres, was the author of the text “Because I Decide” that on February 1, 2014 was presented in the Congress of Deputies register to the President of the Government, Mariano Rajoy , and the ministers Justice and Health, Alberto Ruiz Gallardón and Ana Mato .
“From moral autonomy, I do not accept any imposition or prohibition with regard to my sexual and reproductive rights” “I refuse to be subjected to degrading treatment, arbitrary interference and coercive tutelage in my decision to be or not to be a mother .” It invokes ” freedom of conscience ” and considers ” cynical ” those who ” appeal to freedom to restrain ” and ” malevolent ” those who ” want to impose on all their principles of life based on divine inspirations .” ” I refuse to accept forced maternity and a guardianship regime that condemns women to the sexual and reproductive age minority .” ” I am a Democrat and I accept the rules of the game that define rights of sins and law of religion. No political majority, however absolute, is entitled to convert rights into crimes . ” The reflection is based on laws that ” favor moral autonomy and guarantee plurality and diversity of interests “. And, in that idea, it demands ” that the present law be maintained”, with reference to the law of 2010. 5
Development of the manifestation
At the initial train from Asturias to Madrid were added wagons from many places in Spain. Early in the morning of February 1 came convoys from Asturias , Andalusia , Canary Islands , Catalonia , Valencia , Castilla-La Mancha , Extremadura , Galicia , Murcia , the Basque Country , which a French delegation joined with activists from a Dozens of galas organizations. 5
At the end of the demonstration a delegation of 10 women registered in the Congress of Deputies the document ” Because I decide “.
In the afternoon the assembly of El Tren de la Libertad was organized in the Marcelino Camacho Auditorium in Madrid in which representatives of the different delegations that traveled to Madrid took part. 5 17
In other capitals
The call was echoed in different European capitals where demonstrations were also held: Paris , Rome , London , Luxembourg , Edinburgh . They highlighted the demonstrations in France where demonstrations were held in a dozen cities including Bordeaux , Marseille , Nantes , Strasbourg and Toulouse convened by over 80 feminist associations, political parties and unions. In the manifesto of the call of Paris, in which was present the then candidate to the mayoralty of Paris Anne Hidalgo . 18 The ” attack of the Spanish Government ” against the rights of women was denounced , ” the refusal to accept the right of women to dispose of their bodies, the insistence on considering their citizens incapable of deciding for themselves .” 19 also had an echo in Latin America, especially in Argentina where the protest was seconded Buenos Aires .
On September 23, 2014, the President of the Government, Mariano Rajoy, confirmed the withdrawal of the draft Organic Law for the Protection of the Conceived and Rights of the Pregnant, drafted by the Ministry of Justice, for not having found the sufficient consensus to remove it ahead. twenty
Just four hours after the president’s announcement, Justice Minister Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón announced his resignation as minister at a press conference . He also resigned his seat of deputy and the positions of leadership in the Popular Party . twenty-one
On September 9, 2015, the Senate plenary approved a reform of the abortion law only in the section on children under 16 and 17 years of age to prevent them from interrupting their pregnancy without paternal consent or their guardians. 22
In the legislative elections of 2015 the Popular Party decided not to include in its electoral program the reform of the abortion law because, according to sources of the own PP gathered by means of communication, of the internal discrepancies and possible losses that generated them during The legislature . 2. 3
A park in the Asturian town of Barredos , one of the towns in which the demonstration originated, has been called the Tren de la Libertad. The initiative to name the park was recognized by the Extraordinary Plenary of its city council, coming forward with the votes of PSOE and IU and abstention of Forum. The PP voted against. 24
Since January 2016 also Gijón has a park called ” Gardens of the Train of Freedom “. The decision was approved by the Town Hall Plenary on January 13 as a new denomination of the space released to the railroad barrier popularly known as “El Solarón”. 25
Reactions from political parties
In response to the demonstration, Justice Minister Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón confirmed in Valladolid, hours after the Madrid demonstration, his intention to carry through to the end the reform of the law against which he protested the demonstration:
You have my personal commitment that there will be neither a shout nor an insult that this minister will make him relinquish the commitment to fulfill the program of regulating the rights of women and of the conceived. 26
The leader of the PSOE , Pedro Sánchez , for his part thanked the women’s groups, professionals and women socialists their mobilization against the law. 27 The deputy of the PSOE at the General Meeting of the Principality of Asturias Adriana Lastra described the initiative as the first violet tide of Spain, comparing it with the white tide that stopped the privatization of health care in Madrid. 28
Reactions from the Catholic Church
Juan Antonio Reig Plà , bishop of Alcalá de Henares ( Madrid ) compared the demonstration of the Freedom Train with the trains of Auschwitz , the Nazi concentration camp in Poland which estimates that more than a million people were killed. The statements were disseminated through the bishop’s website.
This train, like the Auschwitz trains leading to a death camp, should be called not the Freedom Train but the death train of the most infamous Holocaust: the direct and deliberate death of innocent unborn children. 29
In October 2014, the legal representative of the Freedom Train announced the filing of a complaint criminal for libel against the bishop by these statements. The lawsuit was seconded by citizen platforms and funded by a crowdfunding campaign . 30
The mobilization of 31 January and 1 February 2015 was reflected in the documentary ” I Decided . The Train of Freedom ” (42 ‘) 31 32 33 34 premiered on July 10, 2014 simultaneously in almost 90 Spanish cities . 35
200 hours of recordings were collected by a team of two hundred women filmmakers, joined by people who had taken street action to protest the reform before. There were also filming units in Paris ( Laura del Sol ) , Amsterdam, Rome, Buenos Aires or Edinburgh. 36
The initiative came from the film critic and sociologist Pilar Aguilar who proposed to director Chus Gutiérrez to support from the film world the protest. The project culminated in the mobilization of two hundred women filmmakers who filmed, wrote the script and assembled the documentary. 36
Among the filmmakers who have collaborated in the project, grouped under the name of Women’s Film Collectors Against Reform of the Abortion Law, 37 are Gracia Querejeta , Ángeles González-Sinde , Mabel Lozano , Icíar Bollaín , Isabel Coixet , Goeorgina Cisquella and Virginia Yagüe , with the support of the Association of women filmmakers and audiovisual media (CIMA).
The documentary was funded through crowdfunding. 38
- 2014 Clara Campoamor Prize of Seville. PSOE of Andalusia. 39
- 2014 XXI Passion Prize 40
- XII Collective Prize 2014 as Marzo 8 41
- 2014 Aragon Dignity Award. Board of the Aragonese Foundation
- 2014 Mulleres Award in Action of the Mostra de Teatro de Cangas 42
- 2015 “Women in Union” Award of the Actors and Actresses Union. 38
- 2015 Equality Award of the City of La Rinconada (Seville). March 2015 43
- 2015 Prize “Alcalde José Fernandín” granted by the PSOE of Castrillón . November 2015 44
- Back to top↑ «Violet tide in Madrid against the reform of the Law of Abortion» . Eldiario.es . Retrieved on December 3, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Galán, Diego (January 31, 2014). The train of freedom . The Country . Retrieved on December 3, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ R. Sahuquillo, Maria (February 1, 2014). “Tens of thousands protest in Madrid against the abortion law of Gallardón” . The Country . Retrieved on December 3, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ “The train of freedom” . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- ↑ Jump to:a b c d «The convoy of free will» . ELMUNDO . The world . Retrieved on December 29, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «A multitudinous ‘violet tide’ collapses Madrid against the abortion reform of Gallardón – 20minutos.es» . 20minutos.es – Latest News . 20 minutes . Retrieved on December 28, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «A multitudinous ‘violet tide’ collapses Madrid against the abortion reform of Gallardón – 20minutos.es» . 20minutos.es – Latest News . 20 minutes . Accessed January 7, 2016 .
- Back to top↑ «The right to abortion unites feminists for the first time: from the traditional to Femen» . 20 minutes. February 7, 2014 . Retrieved on December 3, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Larrañeta (February 7, 2014). “The right to abortion unites feminists for the first time: from traditional to feminine .” 20 Minutes . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ « ‘ The Train of Freedom’ already has its documentary (VIDEO)» . The Huffington Post . Retrieved on December 28, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Country, Ediciones El (December 17, 2009). “Congress approves the reform of the abortion law .” THE COUNTRY . Retrieved on December 29, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «BOE.es – Document BOE-A-2010-3514» . www.boe.es . Retrieved on December 28, 2015 .
- ↑ Jump to:a b Country, Ediciones El (December 20, 2013). «Gallardón consumes the return back» . THE COUNTRY . Retrieved on December 29, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Country, Editions On (December 20, 2013). “The Government approves the law of abortion more restrictive of the democracy” . THE COUNTRY . Retrieved on December 29, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Country (February 1, 2014). “” We shall succeed in ending this madness . ” THE COUNTRY . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Perez Mendoza, Sofia (January 31, 2014). “The food of friends in which was born the greatest protest against the law Gallardón” . The newspaper . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Lillo, María (January 31, 2014). “Neither politicians nor religious nor institutions. Women decide if we want children. ” The Country . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ “The Train of Freedom in Paris” . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Thousands of people protest in France against the law of Gallardón» . The Huffington Post . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Rajoy confirms the withdrawal of the abortion law due to lack of consensus» . The country. September 23, 2014 . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Gutierrez Calvo, Vera (September 23, 2014). “Rajoy drops Minister Gallardón in search of the political center .” The Country . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «The Senate finally approves the reform of abortion» . Abc (in Spanish from Spain) . AbcEs1903 . Retrieved on December 29, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Country, Editions On (November 2, 2015). “The PP will not take abortion in its electoral program .” THE COUNTRY . Elpais . Retrieved on December 29, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ “The Freedom Train gives name to a park” . Trade. February 20, 2014 . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Spain, La Nueva. «The park of the” solarón “will take the name of Gardens of the Train of Freedom» . www.lne.es . Retrieved on January 23, 2016 .
- Back to top↑ E. Cué, Carlos (February 1, 2014). “Gallardón:” You have my commitment that not a cry will make me abdicate ” . The Country . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Sanz, Luis Ángel (September 24, 2014). «Pedro Sánchez: ‘I care little Gallardón; wins the freedom of women ‘ ‘ . The World . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «The PSOE qualifies the ‘Freedom Train’ as ‘the first violet tide’ in Spain . European Press. January 29, 2014 . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Old, M. (September 25, 2014). “The bishop of Alcala compares the ‘Freedom Train’ with the trains of Auschwitz .” The Country . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «The Train of Freedom is filed against the bishop of Alcala de Henares» . New Tribune. October 10, 2014 . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ « ‘ I decide. The Train of Freedom ‘: The documentary of the march against the reform of the law of abortion . Huffington Post. July 4, 2014 . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Arduán, Alejandra. ” ‘ I decide. The Train of Freedom ‘, the Spanish filmmakers take a step forward . Public . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Documentary: I decide. The train of freedom . The newspaper. July 11, 2014 . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ Galán, Diego (July 4, 2015). “They decide .” The Country . Retrieved on November 23, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «’I decide. The Train of Freedom ‘, the Spanish filmmakers take a step forward . Www.publico.es (in Spanish from Spain) . Retrieved on December 28, 2015 .
- ↑ Jump to:a b Laura Fraile (July 9, 2014). «Valladolid joins the 90 Spanish cities where the documentary` I decide. The Train of Freedom . ” Last Zero . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «’I decide. The Train of Freedom ‘, the Spanish filmmakers take a step forward . Www.publico.es (in Spanish from Spain) . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- ↑ Jump to:a b “The Freedom Train,” Women in Union Award “for their commitment to women’s rights. # 24PremiosUA” . ACTORS MAGAZINE (in Spanish from Spain) . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «The Train of Freedom, Clara Campoamor award» . Ecija (in Spanish from Spain) . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Prize for the Freedom Train» . El Comercio (in Spanish from Spain) . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ ‘CIMA receives the Collective Prize on March 8 by’ The Freedom Train ‘ ‘ . The Mail of Burgos . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Cangas gets on the Freedom Train» . Www.farodevigo.es . Accessed December 30, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «Prize for ‘The Freedom Train’ for its fight for equality» . Asturias 24. March 4, 2015 . Retrieved on December 3, 2015 .
- Back to top↑ «The PSOE grants the ‘Mayor José Fernandín’ prize to ‘The Freedom Train’ . The New Spain . Retrieved on December 3, 2015 .