The beloved is a Mexican film of 1965 of the genre of drama, which consists of two episodes based on the Tajimara talesof Juan García Ponce and A pure soul of Carlos Fuentes .
However, it is to be noted that this film is – in reality – a compilation of the homonymous mediometrajes directed by Juan José Gurrola and Juan Ibáñez respectively, which originally were part of the anthological tape Love, love, love (1965) but that , Due to the already extensive duration of the latter, Manuel Barbachano Ponce (who was the producer of the film) decided to separate them and then be regrouped and presented as an independent film, with a view to its commercial debut.
The film tells two stories about the impossibility of loving in a modern world full of disenchantment.
First episode: Tajimara
- Address: Juan José Gurrola .
- Screenplay: Juan García Ponce and Juan José Guerra, based on the story of the same name.
Roberto is a 25-year-old freelance translator who, following his re-encounter with Cecilia, his ex- girlfriend from adolescence , begins to reflect on her frustrated love and sexual experience with her at the time while, Has divorced Guillermo (a mutual friend of both with whom Cecilia would end up losing her virginity and eventually marrying) tries to have intimacy with her but not get to consummate it at all.
In parallel we also learn from the mouth of Roberto history of Charles and Julia: Two brothers unprejudiced painters who have a relationship rather than fraternal and artistic and live and work in a bucolic and remote place called Tajimara and thus both couples try to keep Their respective relations, but in return, little by little Tajimara will end up becoming the swan song of the same when, after one of the many parties that happen there, Cecilia decides to leave Roberto to return with her ex-husband and, to his Instead, Carlos ends up giving up his life with Julia due to the-slightly-rushed-marriage of her and her boyfriend.
Thus, while we see a more disenchanted Julia who is happy at her wedding and a thoughtful Carlos depart from the altar, Roberto takes the opportunity to discreetly leave the church while remembering “The dilapidated old house in Tajimara, the bursting of apple trees and fig trees, The voluntary confusion of the pictures of Julia and Carlos, and the emptiness of the evenings without Cecilia … ”
So he ends up wondering: “Why talk about all that?”, Concluding this episode.
Second Episode: A Pure Soul
- Address: Juan Ibáñez .
- Guion: Carlos Fuentes and Juan García Ponce, based on the eponymous story of that one.
Juan Luis is a university student of high class who to escape the tedious life of being the son of a millionaire and, especially, of the increasingly dangerous relation beyond the brotherly thing that he has with his sister Claudia, decides to accept a position Of work at the headquarters of the United Nations Organization and to end his career there. Already installed in New York the life of Juan Luis is maintained without much jolts between his work, his studies and some other romance until, one day, he knows in his work Clara, a beautiful young woman who has a surprising physical similarity With Claudia and both are soon to become lovers , reason why ends distance of this one.
However, things become complicated for the couple when Clara becomes pregnant because, although Juan Luis is willing to marry, his father ends up disinheriting him and, fearful of the future, proposes to his fiancé that he aborts . Clara accedes but, with the passage of time, ends up sinking into a great depression that will lead her to suicide and we see that, at the moment of her death, she drops a letter from her hands. When Juan Luis goes to reclaim the corpse of his wife, he is shocked to discover among his belongings this letter and, feeling guilty about his death, also ends up taking his life.
Shortly after Claudia travels to New York to repatriate her brother’s corpse and, while waiting for the flight back to Mexico City , she meets the indignant father of her sister-in-law, who hands Claudia the missive and, through the mouth of this , We find out that the same had been written by Juan Luis to Clara before the suicide of this reason why, while boarding the plane, Claudia questions herself for having indirectly provoked both deaths and then break the letter without reaching Read it and throw the debris to the ground, thus ending the film.
First episode: Tajimara
- Pilar Pellicer … Cecilia
- Claudio Obregón … Roberto
- Pixie Hopkin … Julia
- Mauricio Davidson … Carlos
- Beatriz Sheridan … Clara
- Luis Lomeli … Guillermo
- Susana Fisher … Cecilia at age 15
- Tamara Garina … Guest at the party
- Joaquín Xirau … Roberto at age 15
- José Alonso … Guillermo at age 15
- Tomás Segovia … Julia’s boyfriend (does not appear in the credits)
- Elda Londoño … Cecilia’s teacher (does not appear in credits)
- Lucía Guilmáin … Girl dancing with Carlos at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Juan Ferrara … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Carlos Monsiváis … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Michel Strauss … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Patricia Kuntsman … Guest at the party (does not appear in credits)
- Juan Manuel González … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- María Antonieta Domínguez … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Lilia Carrillo … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Juan Vicente Melo … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Juan García Ponce … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Fernando García Ponce … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Manuel Felguérez … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Sally de Swan … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Silvia de Swan … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Mercedes Oteyza … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Maka Strauss … Guest at the party (does not appear in credits)
- Hugo Velázquez … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
- Michele Alban … Guest at the party (does not appear in the credits)
Second Episode: A Pure Soul
- Enrique Rocha … Juan Luis
- Arabella Árbenz … Claudia / Clara
- Leonora Carrington … Mother of Claudia and Juan Luis
- Aldo Morante … Father of Claudia and Juan Luis
- Mona Moore
- Victoria Huston
- Sally Belfrage … Himself
- Mercedes Ospina … Himself
- Coleen Bennet
- Viet Gentry … Father of Clara
- Erika Carlsson … Himself
- Dolores Linares … Prostitute
- Pamela Hall
- Carlos Monsiváis
- Constancia Calderón
- Carol Southern … Jane
- Carl Brandt Himself
- CDB Brandt
- Frank Conroy Himself
- Olivia Delgado … Himself
- José Donoso … Himself
- Jason Epstein Himself
- Bernard Farber Himself
- Jules Feiffer … Himself
- Juan García Ponce … Himself
- Hans Koningsberger … Himself
- Lee Johnson … Himself
- John Philip Marquand Himself
- Norman Podhoretz Himself
- Jack Richardson Himself
- Harold Steinberg … Himself
- Sandy Stoddard … Himself
- William Styron … Himself
- Eddy Torres … Himself
- Derek Washburn Himself
- Sergio Aragones … Himself (does not appear in the credits)
- Bruce Jay Friedman Himself (does not appear in credits)
- Wendy Sandford (does not appear in credits)
- Carlos Fuentes (does not appear in credits)
- Juan Ibáñez (does not appear in the credits)
- José Luis Ibáñez (does not appear in the credits)
- Nelson Aldrich … Himself (does not appear in credits)
- Adil … Himself (does not appear in credits)
Awards and nominations
Third place in the I Contest of Experimental Cinema (1965) (like part of the film Love, love, love ).
Honorable Mention for Pixie Hopkin at the I Experimental Film Contest (1965).
The film ‘s beloved was released on 2 of September of 1965 in the now defunct Film Regis Mexico City and also meant the respective film debuts of theater directors Juan Jose Gurrola and Juan Ibanez.
The tale of Juan García Ponce “Tajimara”, for which the film of the same name by Juan José Gurrola was made , forms part of the anthology of stories La noche (1963) and, for its part, “A pure soul” by Juan Ibáñez , based on the homonymous tale of Carlos Fuentes, is included in his anthology Cantar de Ciegos (1964).
Among the locations used for the episode of Tajimara the newly inaugurado- -then also includes Museum of Modern Art in Mexico located in the Chapultepec Park in Mexico City. For its part, the episode of A pure soul was filmed between Mexico City, Cuernavaca , Acapulco and New York .
The episode of Tajimara meant the acting debut of Juan Ferrara , as well as his sister Lucia Guilmáin and a very young José Alonso (only 18 years old at the time of filming) who play one of the guests at the farewell party Of maiden of Julia, the mysterious girl that dances with Carlos in this party and Guillermo in its adolescence, respectively.
On the other hand Tajimara also meant the film debut of British actress, singer and dresser Pixie Hopkin who during a theater festival held in Dallas in 1962 would meet Juan Jose Gurrola there , with whom he would end up marrying soon after and, already residing in Mexico , Hopkin also worked in other films of the called “Cinema of encouragement” like Mariana (1967), Narda or El Verano (1968) and Patsy, my love (1969). Later, in the early 1970s and after divorcing Gurrola, Hopkin left showbiz to venture as entrepreneur of fashion and cosmetics obtaining a great success and also ended up becoming one of the forerunners in Mexico the current system of franchises .
Arabella Árbenz (1940-1965), who played the double role of Claudia and Clara in the episode A pure soul , besides being the eldest daughter of the former Guatemalan president Jacobo Árbenz was a recognized international model when filmed that episode that, in the end , Meant her debut as an actress . Nevertheless, after the filming and after a series of personal incidents that resulted in its notification of expulsion of Mexico by the then president Gustavo Diaz Ordaz , married with the torero and Mexican actor Jaime Bravo (who, incidentally , still Was in the process of divorcing his fourth wife, American actress Ann Robinson) on September 24, 1965, shortly before he traveled to Bogota to start a bullfighting tour of South America; But following a disastrous and highly criticized debut by the right-hand man in the bullring in the Colombian capital , as well as a strong discussion of the couple after a dinner in a luxurious restaurant in that city trying to convince him to abandon bullfighting , Arbenz , who just had 25 years old- ended up committing suicide with a shot in the head with his gun on 5 of October of 1965 , just 12 days of her marriage to the matador.
Both Juan Ferrara and José Alonso appear in Tajimara medium- length credits such as Juan Guilmáin and José Alonso Cepeda (the real name of the future first actor), respectively.
The photography of the episode A pure soul was in charge of Gabriel Figueroa .
Both Tajimara and A pure soul appear either as actors or extras (and, in some cases, cameos ) various famous or known personages of the culture and art of Mexico of the time like Tomas Segovia , Lilia Carrillo , Juan Vicente Mónica , Juan and Fernando García Ponce , Manuel Felguérez , Hugo Velázquez, Leonora Carrington , Carlos Monsiváis and Carlos Fuentes , as well as others more internationally like Sergio Aragones , José Donoso , Jules Feiffer , Sally Belfrage, Erika Carlsson, Hans Koningsberger and William Styron , among many others.
The film The Beloved – and especially the segment of “Tajimara”, which is considered by critics as the most interesting and best achieved of this diptych – currently has the category of worship tape , as it is the first Mexican film in Where the film codes of European filmmakers of the time such as Federico Fellini , Michelangelo Antonioni , Jean-Luc Godard and Alain Resnais are adapted to the sociocultural context of that country and, more specifically, in upper and upper middle class environments, in contrast to What was done until that moment in the Mexican cinema (which focused more on rural, historical or popular classes).
It is said that the nude scene of Arabella Árbenz that appears in the medium length film A pure soul (specifically where Clara’s character walks from her room to the bathroom to commit suicide) was the first of its kind performed by a Guatemalan actress.
Unlike its film version, the tale “Tajimara” is much more explicit in the descriptions of the sexual encounters between Roberto and Cecilia (apart from that, in this narration, both characters do get to consummate the sexual act) and, on the other Part, the plot of “A pure soul” takes place in Geneva and not in New York, as it appears in the cinematographic version.
Future filmmakers Julián Pastor , Jorge Fons and Rafael Corkidi worked in this film as assistant directors (in Tajimara and A Pure Soul , respectively) and camera operator (as was the case of Corkidi in the aforementioned Tajimara ).
According to a note published by the Colombian daily El Tiempo after the death of Arabella Árbenz, it was revealed that she would have been in talks to film in that country a film based on the novel “Viento seco” (1953) by Daniel Caicedo, on the sadly Celebrated Massacre of Ceylon, happened during the so – called period of La Violencia (1948-1958), nevertheless said project would never be realized.
It is noteworthy that in the episode Tajimara , apart from the music composed by Manuel Henríquez for the same, also sound the pieces:
- “A Kiss To Build A Dream On” , played by Hugo Winterhalter’s orchestra (in the sequence when Roberto recalls his teenage years with Cecilia and Guillermo, while they are three on an ice skating rink);
- “Do You Ever Think Of Me?” Played by the orchestra of Billy May (in the sequence when Clara and Julia make a fun choreography at a party at the latter’s house but, in the middle of it, Julia leaves her And Clara finishes it) and
- “Anyone Who Had a Heart,” played by British singer Cilla Black – and not by Dionne Warwick , as she is mistakenly believed – (first in a piano version on the scene when a nasty and drunken Cecilia decides to go with Roberto from a party After an unforeseen reunion with Guillermo in the celebration and, later, the complete song in the sequence of the marriage of Julia, with which that episode ends).
Which, by the way, coincide in their letters with the respective situations raised in each of the sequences.