Pro – choice or Proderecho to decide (in English pro-choice ) is the position political and ethical that women must have control or sovereignty over their fertility and pregnancy , including reproductive rights, including the right to sexual education , access To elective abortion (performed by professionals and in the legal framework ), contraception , fertility treatments, and legal protection against forced abortion. The people and organizations that support this position are called pro-choice. His supporters summarize it as the defense of sovereignty over the body and right to life of women . Those who share this position consider the termination of pregnancy as a last resort, and focus on situations in which they consider it necessary. These include conception as a consequence of a violation, the risk to a woman’s health or life, ineffective contraceptive methods or inability to raise a child.
As for the issue of abortion, the opposite movement is pro -life , according to which other rights are to be taken into account.
Pro-choice emphasizes that having a child is a personal choice that affects a woman’s body and personal health . They think that both parents and lives of children are better off when women are legally allowed to have abortions without interference from the government , preventing women to go desperately to illegal abortions performed under conditions that by being a clandestine not Meet the basic requirements, and at the same time ensure that a higher percentage of children born are desired by their parents, with the positive psycho-sociological consequences of this.
More broadly, advocates favor their opinions in terms of individual freedom, reproductive freedom , and sexual and reproductive rights . The first of these terms are widely used to describe many of the political movements of the nineteenth century and twentieth (as in the abolition of slavery in Europe and the United States , and the spread of democracy and secularism ), while That the latter derive terms from the evolution of the perspectives on the sexual freedom and physical integrity of men and women.
Pro-choice individuals often do not consider themselves ‘pro abortion’ as they regard abortion as a matter of physical autonomy , and find forced abortion as ethical and legally indefensible as prohibition of it. In fact, some of those in favor of the election consider themselves against some or all abortions on a moral basis , but they think this is a personal decision where abortion bans endanger health of the woman. Others have a practical acceptance of abortion, arguing that abortions would happen in any case, but that legal abortion under medically controlled conditions is preferable to return to illegal abortions without proper medical supervision.
Pro-choice often opposes proponents of legislative measures requiring abortion providers to make some statements (some of which are controversial) to patients, as they argue that these measures are designed to make it more difficult to obtain Abortions. These measures fall into the category of specific abortion informed consent or right to know the laws.
Many pro-choice activists also argue that the policies provided deny women access to sex education and contraception , which increases, rather than decreases, the demand for abortions. Proponents of this point of argument put cases of areas including sex education and access to contraceptives that have high rates of abortion, whether legal, illegal or de facto exported (ie where a high proportion of abortions in a Produce outside the state in another country with a freer regime with abortion). Irish women visiting the UK for abortions are an example, as are Belgian women who traveled to France (before Belgium legalized abortion). Statistics on the Irish abortion rate in the UK remain controversial. Lacking a methodology for independent verification of origins means that the estimates are not accurate and being a matter with respect to public policies makes the claims controversial. Rival groups campaign on the selective abortion make Interpretation of each use and assumptions to strengthen their analysis, partly due to the lack of methodology that makes other claims are impossible to refute.
The issue of abortion remains one of the most divisive in public life, with most political parties in democracies divided on the issue, and continuing battles to liberalize or restrict access to legal abortion. Pro-choice groups are active in all states, and fight for legal abortion with varying degrees of success. Few countries allow abortion without limitation or regulation, but most allow limited, limited forms of abortion. Pro-choice campaigns are often divided as to the types of abortion that should be available, and whether the right to choose must be unrestricted or restricted, and if so, then at what level.
Use of the term
The English Dictionary of Oxford used in its lists the term pro-choice at least since 1975 , around the time when the question of the legality of abortion became increasingly discussed after the Roe vs. Wade case (the Word choice is used to describe options for abortion within the case).