Oscar Elias Biscet

Oscar Elias Biscet Gonzalez ( Havana , 1961 ) is a medical Cuban who was jailed by the government of that country as a political prisoner . Accused of reporting his health system to the Cuban government, he was serving 25 years in prison after being considered a threat to the state . 1 He was released on 11 March 2011. 2


He was born in Havana , Cuba , on 20 July as as 1961 . In 1985 he graduated in medicine , in the specialty of internal medicine .

In 1986, he staged his first protest because of long unpaid hours that Cuban doctors must offer; Consequently, is suspended professionally from the National Hospital for a period of one year.

Starting in 1987, the practice and teaching of medicine began at the Maternal and Child Hospital Hijas de Galicia in Havana. Towards the end of the decade of 1980 , it begins its civic activities demonstrating against the abuses committed by the government of his country. In 1994 a file for “dangerousness” was opened to him.

In 1997 , he created the Lawton Foundation for Human Rights with the aim of peacefully promoting the defense of human rights , based on the right to life , and which operates through nonviolent civil disobedience . That same year he carried out a study on the use of a specific drug in abortion practices , “Rivanol: A method to destroy life”, which describes the abortive methods commonly used in the Cuban health system and denounces that the Rivanol methodology was supplemented, if necessary, with the lack of assistance to the neonate in case of the birth of the living child. 3 4 The study was published in April 1998 and officially handed over to the Cuban government, with a letter to President Fidel Castro the 9 of June of 1998 , in which he denounced the Cuban health system by these events, it is dismissed the following year Of the national health system.


In 1999 , after a hunger strike , he was sentenced to 3 years in prison for public disorder, being described by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience . 1 After his release in 2002 , he was arrested a month later and, accused of being a threat to the state , sentenced to 25 years in prison. From that moment he served his sentence at the Kilo 5 prison in Pinar del Río and then transferred to the largest Cuban prison, El Combinado del Este, in Havana . 5 He was released on March 11, 2011 and was among the 12 political prisoners who refused to be exiled from Cuba after the 135-day hunger strike in Guillermo Farinas in February 2010 in protest of his death in prison Of the political prisoner Orlando Zapata Tamayo , since with the hunger strike of Farinas, a great attention of the international public opinion on the Cuban subject was obtained and finally, the Cuban government had, to liberate to 116 political prisoners, the majority of Who accepted the exile. 2

Awards and honors

In 2007 the United States Government granted him the Presidential Medal of Freedom . 1 In addition, in 2009 he was nominated for the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord . 5


  1. ↑ Jump to:a b c The New Herald ” Give Presidential Medal of Freedom to Biscet “
  2. ↑ Jump to:a b ABC . «Cuba, incomplete» . March 13, 2011. Consulted on April 1, 2011.
  3. Back to top↑ Aciprensa « They publish” admirable origin “of the movement of doctor pro-life Elias Biscet »
  4. Back to top↑ The paper also denounces that this practice was performed without prior information to the patient of this possibility. Biscet claims that these children were killed after being born, and that this was a common practice in hospitals throughout the island. This study was translated into English and sent to the About ChildrenRights Convention in Geneva , Switzerland .
  5. ↑ Jump to:a b EcoDiario « Asturias.-The Cuban doctor Oscar Elías Biscet, nominated to the Prince of Asturias of the Concord »