The Museum of Tolerance (or MOT for its acronym in English of Museum of Tolerance ) is a multimedia museum US located in Los Angeles , California .
Its theme is focused on the study of racism , prejudice and xenophobia with a special emphasis on the holocaust as well as other hate crimes or crimes against humanity, such as in the history of Cambodia and Latin America . 1 2
The museum has an associated museum in New York where they work with multimedia programs. In 2005 a plan was announced to build a building in a place in Jerusalem , Israel , which raised controversies around the area to build.
It was inaugurated in 1993 and built at a cost of 50 million dollars by the Simon Wiesenthal Center, named after those who survived the Holocaust . 1 The museum is visited by about 350,000 visitors a year, of which one third are young people of school age. The most well-known exhibition is the “Holocaust Section”. Once they are divided by groups, they are taken to several scenarios that show details of World War II for later debate on such experiences. Another feature is the opportunity to hear the testimonies of those who survived the Shoah (or any other conflict) as well as a question session with them. At the end of the tour, people are given cards of Jewish children where it is revealed whether or not they survived the holocaust.
The “Toleracenter” is another area of the museum where discussed about prejudice in everyday life through a multimedia show called “Finding Our Families- Finding Ourselves” ( Finding our families-Finding ourselves with ourselves ), which includes files , Documents and art exhibitions, for example by Bill Cormalis Jr., whose works show the struggle for civil rights and racial segregation in the American League of Baseball .
One of the critical points about the museum is [according to third parties] the excessive use of multimedia technology in order to attract young people and “manipulate” their emotions. In this regard, the MOT uses slides, diagrams, documentary files and interactive exhibits. According to critics, this material has an emotional impact on visitors. As for the tour, critical voices affirm that the historical facts are on the margin and only a few are projected. 3
Cemetery of Mamilla in Jerusalem
In 2005, Rabbi Marvin Hier of the SWC declared the possibility of building a second museum on the grounds of Cemetery Mamilla in Jerusalem, worship area for the Muslim population and historical value (time of Orthodox Caliphate ). 4
Long ago the association received criticism for having built in similar areas. 5 6 In Mamilla are the tombs of several saints and Islamic students as well as Mamelukes tombs. 4 7 The SWC argues that the land was deconsecrated and that prior to the establishment of the State of Israel , secular Arab leaders authorized the construction of several projects on the site. 8 Such arguments were defended by the Israeli legal system, but not by the Supreme Court .
This project was criticized by the Hebrew and Palestinian communities . 9 In fact the construction has been postponed several times for legal reasons. 10 11
- ↑ Jump to:a b «Los Angeles Journal; Near Riots ‘Ashes, the Museum Based on Tolerance’ . New York Times. 10 February 1993.
- Back to top↑ «Teen court program tackles bullying, hate crimes» . Los Angeles Times. July 22, 2012.
- Back to top↑ Marcuse, Harold. “Experiencing the Jewish Holocaust in Los Angeles: The Beit Hashoah-Museum of Tolerance” , Other Voices , February 2000. Retrieved on April 12, 2007
- ↑ Jump to:a b Donald Macintyre (February 9, 2006). «Israel plans to build ‘museum of tolerance’ on Muslim serious’ . The Independent .
- Back to top↑ Abe Selig (February 11, 2010). «Wiesenthal Center: Museum not built on ancient ruins» . Jerusalem Post .
- Back to top↑ Saree Makdisi (February 12, 2010). “The Museum of Tolerance We Do not Need” . Los Angeles Times .
- Back to top↑ Asem Khalidi (Spring 2009). «The Mamilla Cemetery: A Buried History» . Jerusalem Quarterly 37 .
- Back to top↑ Gil Zohar and Gail Lichtman (February 21, 2008). «Jerusalem deconstructed» . Jerusalem Post .
- Back to top↑ Akiva Eldar (December 30, 2008). ‘Israel Prize laureate opposes Museum of Tolerance’ . Haaretz .
- Back to top↑ Hadassah on Museum of tolerance
- Back to top↑ Zandberg on lack of transparency