Legislation on the practice of abortion in the world

The legislation on abortion in the world is very diverse, from free access to abortion in free public health services to the penalty with years of imprisonment for women and those who practice induced abortion. Therefore , the practice of abortion , understood as induced abortion or voluntary termination of pregnancy , is subject to the legal system in force in each country, where it can be collected as a right or as a punishable offense .

In countries like Russia , Canada , the United States , China , India , and most European countries, abortion is legal at the request or demand of women during a certain period of gestation. On the other hand, in most countries in Africa , Latin America , the Middle East , Oceania and Southeast Asia abortion is illegal and penalized in any of the cases. Seven countries around the world prohibit termination of pregnancy under any circumstance and typify imprisonment for any woman and person performing, attempting or facilitating abortion: Chile , Vatican City , El Salvador , Malta , Nicaragua, Honduras and Dominican Republic . 1

Debate on abortion

Main article: Debate on abortion

The debate on abortion, in relation to induced abortion or voluntary termination of pregnancy, refers to the discussion, controversy and controversy about its practice, social and economic context in which it occurs – especially for women – as well as the situation Legal and penal law applicable in different countries and the different implementation of reproductive rights and access to family planning .

The number of induced abortions worldwide annually is about 46 million, 26 million are carried out in countries where abortion is legal and the remaining 20 million are practiced illegally. 2 The health risk for women who are practicing clandestinely an abortion as a result of their illegality has led to different social sectors and organizations requesting their legalization. 3 However, this position has faced other sectors and organizations that defend the right to live of the nasciturus , based on the scientific and medical consensus on the beginning of human life at the time of fertilization . 4

Legal status of abortion, in the world

The following tables present the current status of abortion legislation in the world, by continent. Legend :

  • Yes – Cool.
  • No – Illegal.
  • * – Legal only during 1st quarter (exact date may vary).
  • # – Legal only during 1st and 2nd quarter (exact date may vary).
  • Restricted – Legal but subject to important restrictions.
  • Varies – Varies by region.
  •  ? – Information is not available or the legal standard is very ambiguous.

* Note: In cases where it is known that the law establishes a maximum period for the defined case, it will be indicated in parentheses.

Africa

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Angola * Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Algeria Yes # # Do not Do not Do not Do not
Benin Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Botswana Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Burkina Faso Yes Yes Yes * Yes Do not Do not
Burundi Yes Yes ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Cape Verde Yes Yes Yes * Yes * *
Cameroon Yes Yes ? Yes Do not Do not Do not
Chad Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Comoros Yes Yes ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Ivory Coast Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Egypt Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Eritrea Yes Yes ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Ethiopia Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Gabon Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Gambia Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Ghana Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Guinea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Equatorial Guinea Yes Yes ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Guinea-Bissau Yes * * * * * *
Kenya Restricted Restricted Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not
Lesotho Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Liberia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Libya Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Madagascar Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Malawi Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Mali Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Mauricio Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Morocco yes yes yes yes yes Do not Do not
Mauritania Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Mozambique Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not *
Namibia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Niger Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Nigeria Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Central African Republic Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Republic of Congo Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Democratic Republic of Congo Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Rwanda Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Sao Tome and Principe * Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Senegal Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Seychelles * * * * * Do not Do not
Sierra Leone Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Somalia Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Swaziland Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
South Africa Yes # # # # # *
Sudan Yes Do not Do not Yes Do not Do not Do not
South Sudan Yes Do not Do not Yes Do not Do not Do not
Tanzania Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Togo * ? ? ? ? Do not Do not
Tunisia Yes * * * * * *
Uganda Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Djibouti Yes ? ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Zambia Yes Yes Yes Do not Yes Yes Do not
Zimbabwe Yes Yes Do not Yes Yes Do not Do not

North and Central America

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Old and bearded *Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Bahamas Yes Yes Yes ? ? Do not Do not
Barbados Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not
Belize Yes Yes Yes Do not Yes Yes Do not
Canada Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Costa Rica Yes Do not ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Cuba Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dominica Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
The Savior Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
U.S Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes It varies
Pomegranate Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Guatemala Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Haiti Yes ? Do not ? ? Do not Do not
Honduras Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Jamaica Restricted Restricted Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not
Mexico Yes Yes Do not Yes Do not It varies It varies
Nicaragua Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Panama Yes Yes Do not * Yes Do not Do not
Puerto Rico Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dominican Republic Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Saint Kitts and Nevis Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not
St. lucia Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Trinidad and Tobago Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not

South America

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Argentina ( detail ) Yes Yes Restricted Yes Do not Do not Do not
Bolivia ( detail ) Yes Yes ? Yes Do not Do not Do not
Brazil ( detail ) Yes Do not Do not Yes Yes Do not Do not
Chile ( detail ) Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Colombia ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Ecuador ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Restricted Do not Do not Do not
Guyana ( detail ) Yes * * * * * *
Paraguay ( detail ) Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Peru ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Surinam Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Uruguay ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (12 weeks)
Venezuela ( detail ) Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not

Asia

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Afghanistan Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Saudi Arabia * Restricted Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not
Bangladesh Yes * * * * * *
Baréin Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Burma Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Brunei Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Bhutan ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Cambodia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Taste Yes Yes Yes Do not Restricted Do not Do not
North Korea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Korea Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted
China Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Philippines Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Hong Kong Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not
India Yes Yes # # # # Do not
Indonesia Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Iran Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Iraq Restricted Do not Do not Do not Restricted Do not Do not
Israel Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Japan # # # # # # Do not
Jordan Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Kazakhstan # # # # # # *
Kyrgyzstan # # # # # # *
Kuwait Restricted Restricted Restricted Do not Restricted Do not Do not
Laos Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Lebanon Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Malaysia * * * Do not Do not Do not Do not
Maldives Restricted Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Mongolia Restricted Restricted * * * * *
Nepal Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes * *
Oman Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Pakistan Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Singapore Yes Yes Yes # # # #
Syria Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Sri Lanka Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Tajikistan # # # # # # *
Thailand Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not
Turkmenistan # # # # # # *
Uzbekistan # # # # # # *
Vietnam Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Europe

Western

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Germany Yes # # * * * *
Andorra Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Austria Yes Yes Yes * Yes * *
Belgium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Denmark Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Spain ( detail ) 5 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Restricted
Finland Yes Yes Yes # # # Do not
France ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes * Yes * *
Iceland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not
Ireland Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Italy Yes Yes Yes * Yes * *
Liechtenstein Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Luxembourg Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted Restricted Do not
malt Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Monaco Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Norway Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netherlands ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes #
Portugal ( detail ) 6 7 Yes Yes Yes * # Yes Yes
United Kingdom Yes # # Yes Yes # Do not
Czech Republic # # * * # * *
San Marino Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Sweden Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Switzerland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes * *
Vatican Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not

Oriental

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Albania Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Armenia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes *
Azerbaijan ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes *
Belarus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bulgaria Yes # * * Yes * *
Croatia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cyprus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Do not
Slovakia # # * # # * *
Slovenia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Estonia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Georgia # # # # # # *
Greece Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Hungary Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Latvia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Lithuania Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Macedonia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Moldavia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes *
Montenegro Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Poland Do not Do not * * * Do not Do not
Romania ( detail ) Yes Yes * * * * Yes
Russia # # # # # # *
Serbia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Turkey ( detail ) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ukraine # # # # # # *

Oceania

country Protection of mother’s life Physical Health Mental health Violation Fetal defects Socio-economic factors On request
Australia Yes It varies It varies It varies It varies It varies It varies
Fiji Yes Yes Yes ? ? Yes Do not
Cook Islands Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Marshall Islands Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Solomon Islands Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Kiribati Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Micronesia Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Nauru Restricted Restricted Restricted Do not Do not Do not Do not
New Zealand Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not
Niue Yes ? ? Do not Do not Do not Do not
Palau Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Papua New Guinea * * * Do not Do not Do not Do not
Samoa Yes Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not
Tonga Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Tuvalu Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not Do not
Vanuatu Do not Yes Yes Do not Do not Do not Do not

References

  1. Back to top↑ United Nations (2014). “Reproductive Health Policies” (in English) . Retrieved on July 9, 2015 .
  2. Back to top↑ «Other legislation» . 2009 . Retrieved on December 19, 2010 .
  3. Back to top↑ «Testimonies about abortion» . 2009 . Retrieved on July 19, 2015 .
  4. Back to top↑ Bioeticawiki. «Start of human life» . Retrieved on July 19, 2015 .
  5. Back to top↑ Organic Law 2/2010 of sexual and reproductive health and of the voluntary interruption of the pregnancy , Abortion in Spain
  6. Back to top↑ Diário da República, 1st series-No 43-1 March 2007, Results referendum 2007 , Abortion in Portugal
  7. Back to top↑ BBC News: Portugal will legalise abortion