Iron Man

The Man of Steel (original title in English , Man of Steel ) is a superhero movie American based on the character Superman in DC Comics , co-produced by Legendary Pictures and Syncopy Films , and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures . It is the first installment in the extended universe of DC Comics . 6 Directed by Zack Snyder and written by David S. Goyer and Christopher Nolan , the film is starring Henry Cavill , Amy Adams , Michael Shannon , Diane Lane , Kevin Costner , Laurence Fishburne , Antje Traue , Ayelet Zurer , Christopher Meloni and Russell Crowe . The Steel Man is a reboot of the Superman film series that portrays the story of the character’s origin.

The development started in 2009 when Warner Bros. Pictures took thoughts of writers of comics , writers and directors , opting to restart the franchise . In 2009, a court ruling resulted in the family of Jerry Siegel regain the rights of the origins of Superman and copyright of Siegel. The ruling said Warner Bros. did not have the royalties additional families from previous films, but if they did not start to produce a Superman movie for 2011 the Shuster and Siegel properties could be sued for loss of income in a film not Produced.Producer Christopher Nolan took the idea Goyer after discussions of the history of The Dark Knight Rises , and Snyder was hired as the director of the film in October 2010.Principal photography began in August 2011 in West Chicago , Illinois , Before moving to Vancouver and Plano , Illinois.

The steel man was released to the general public on June 14, 2013, in conventional cinemas, 3D and IMAX . The film became a blockbuster, grossing $ 668,045,518 worldwide, but received mixed reviews. Critics praised Hans Zimmer ‘s narrative , visual effects, and soundtrack, but criticized his pace and lack of character development. A sequel, titled Batman vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice , premiered on March 25, 2016. 7

Cast

  • Henry Cavill as Clark Kent / Kal-El / Superman :
A Kryptonian sent by his parents to Earth as a baby to escape the destruction of his home planet, Krypton , and raised in Smallville , Kansas , under the mental guidance of farmer Martha and Jonathan Kent until it is inspired by the holographic message Of his late father to become the greatest protector of the Earth. Superman is portrayed as a 33-year-old man, at least from the moment he is found, in the movie’s timeline. 8 when in FBI custody . Cavill is the first British and non-American actor to play the character. 9 10He was previously selected in Superman: Flyby , which was finally canceled, 11 and was considered for the role in the 2006 film Superman Returns , but lost to Brandon Routh . December 13 Cavill said, “There is a very real story behind the character of Superman.” He explained that everyone’s goal has been to explore the difficulties his character faces as a result of having multiple identities – including his birth name, Kal-El, and his alter ego , Clark Kent. Cavill also said that, “He is alone and there is no one like him,” referring to Superman’s vulnerabilities. “That must be incredibly frightening and lonely, not knowing who or what you are, and trying to figure out what makes sense.” “Where is your reference ?” “What do you get?” “Where do you draw a limit to the power you have? An incredible weakness. ” 14 In an interview with the magazine Total Film , Cavill said he had consumed about 5,000 calories a day, training for more than two hours daily and eating protein to increase muscle mass . 15 Joe Manganiello was considered for the part but could not reach a date of audition for the director of casting due to programming obligations with True Blood . 16 Dylan Sprayberry was chosen as the 13-year-old Clark Kent, while 11-year-old Cooper Timberline was chosen as the 9-year-old Clark Kent. 17
  • Amy Adams as Lois Lane : 18 19 20
A journalist for the newspaper El Planeta and love interest of Clark Kent. Adams was selected from a list of actresses that included Olivia Wilde and Mila Kunis . 21 22 ” There was a huge, huge search for Lois,” Snyder said. “For us, it was a big deal and obviously a very important role. We did a lot of auditions, but we had this meeting with Amy Adams and after that I just felt that she was perfect for him.” 23 Adams auditioned for the role three times, one for the non-produced Superman: Flyby , and the second time for Superman Returns before getting the current role. 24 It was confirmed that Adams would play Lois Lane in March 2011. In announcing the role, Snyder said in a statement, “We are excited to announce the election of Amy Adams, one of the most versatile and respected actresses in the current film. The talent to capture all the qualities we love about Lois: smart, rude, funny, warm, ambitious and, of course, beautiful. ” 25 As for playing Lois Lane, Adams said the film would portray Lois Lane as a “determined, independent woman, but set in a more identifiable world.” Adams said, “She has become more of a free-range journalist, someone who likes to be on the practical side.” The nature of the newspaper business has changed a lot. 26
  • Michael Shannon as General Dru-Zod : 27
A Kryptonian and megalomaniac general with the same superpowers as Superman. Viggo Mortensen was considered for the role. 28 Snyder said, “Zod is not only one of Superman’s most formidable enemies, but one of the most significant, as he has ideas about Superman that others do not.” Michael is a powerful actor who can project both intelligence and malice Character, making it perfect for the role. ” 27 When Goyer was asked why Zod was cast as the villain, he said, “The way [Christopher] Nolan and I have always approached movies … is never to say, ‘Hey, what Villain would be great for this movie? ‘ You start with the story first, what kind of story, what kind of subject you want to tell, so we work on it, then the villain usually becomes obvious in terms of who will be the appropriate antagonist for that. Film, the only villain we could have used was Zod and the Kryptonians. I mean, when they see what the whole story is, nothing else would even make sense. ” 29 Shannon also commented on his performance compared to the original vision of Terence Stamp Zod, “To follow the iconic performance by Terence Stamp in the original, it is [disappointing] but I just focused me on one day at a time. It’s interesting That when we start with this, we train a lot together and I think that in a way it helped to loosen things up a bit.It’s a very physical movie at the end of the day.There’s a good way to find your way into it an actor].” 30
  • Kevin Costner as Jonathan Kent :
The adoptive father of Superman. 31 Snyder explained that his reason for choosing the couple onscreen is just for realism: “I think the thing you notice when you see Diane and Kevin, in our decision to choose them so far, in a way you get an idea Of what tonality we’re seeing in the movie, and you realize that these guys are serious actors, and we’re taking this very seriously in terms of the tone of having these guys.It’s about having a situation where whatever the action is Or the drama of the movie, our first priority is to make sure it’s done as realistically as we can. ” 32
  • Diane Lane as Martha Kent :
The adoptive mother of Superman. 31 Lane was the first cast member to join the film after Cavill. “This was a very important part of the cast because Martha Kent is the woman whose values ​​helped shape the man we know as Superman. We are delighted to have Diane on paper because she can convey the wisdom and admiration of a woman whose son has Powers beyond your imagination. ” 33
  • Laurence Fishburne as Perry White :
The editor in chief of the newspaper El Planeta and the head of Lois Lane. Fishburne is the first African American to play Perry White in a live action movie. 34 Fishburne said he formed his character in honor of Ed Bradley , saying that “my inspiration actually is the late Ed Bradley, who was a CBS correspondent at 60 Minutes for several years. […] legendary Ed Bradley, That he was a friend, mentor and model to follow for me, particularly because he worked in journalism, and he was the type of man who walked with kings but had common sense, and so he was my inspiration for Perry. 35
  • Antje Traue as Faora :
Zod’s deputy commander and a commander of the Kryptonian army who is completely devoted and loyal to General Zod. Merciless, cold and brutal in her methods, Faora’s military training and abilities make her a very dangerous opponent for Superman. Faora is an expert in close combat and weapons scrum .
  • Ayelet Zurer as Lara Lor-Van :
The biological mother of Superman and loyal wife of Jor-El. Previously Julia Ormond had been announced as the chosen one, but she abandoned the role. 36 Connie Nielsen was in negotiations for the role before Zurer was elected. 37
  • Christopher Meloni as Colonel Nathan Hardy: 38 39
An officer of the United States Air Force assigned to the Northern Command of the United States .
  • Russell Crowe as Jor-El :
The biological father of Superman. Sean Penn and Clive Owen were also considered for the role. 40 Crowe incorporates how his own paternity informed his reading of the script to portray Jor-El, saying that “it was one of those things where that is how I was connected. That is the question that Jor-El faces, that is the situation in which is.” 41 Crow also commented on his preparation for the film saying, “When I signed the contract … well, first, I did not realize that I would use spandex – because they know that this is Superman’s outfit – I did not realize that It should fit into it as well, “said Crowe. “I also did not realize the kind of organizer that Zack Snyder is, because this was seriously old-school preparation.This is like a preparation for David Lean ‘s level , and I really appreciated it.And I was in the movie for three and Half or four months before even being in front of a camera. ” 42
  • Christina Wren as Captain Carrie Farris :
An officer of the United States Air Force . About his character Wren said: “My character is called Carrie Ferris and has its moment about the end of the film.” The character is a reference to Carol Ferris a character who in the comics is the love interest of Hal Jordan the second Green Lantern and later an anti-hero called Star Sapphire .

In addition, Harry Lennix plays Lieutenant General Swanwick, a US Army general. And the deputy commander of the US Northern Command. 38 43 Christina Wren plays Captain Carrie Farris, an officer of the US Armed Forces. And General Sanwick’s assistant. 44 Richard Schiff plays Dr. Emil Hamilton , a scientist who works with the US Armed Forces for DARPA . 45 46 47 Mackenzie Gray plays Jax-Ur, a Kryptonian scientist who is one of General Zod’s followers. 48 Michael Kelly plays Steve Lombard, an employee of The Planet . Jack Foley, Jadin Gould and Rowen Kahn play Pete Ross , Lana Lang and Kenny Braverman, respectively, Clark Kent’s schoolmates with Joseph Cranfot as the adult Ross. Richard Cetrone, Samantha Jo, Revard Dufresne and Apollonia Vanova interpret Tor-An, Car-Vex, Dev-Em II and Nadira respectively, Kryptonian soldiers who follow General Zod.

Production

Development

“[David] basically told me, ‘I have this feeling about how you should approach Superman’, I understood it right away, I loved him and I thought: This is a way of approaching the story I’ve never seen before and makes it incredibly exciting. That Emma and I participate in directing the project at once, taking it to the studio and making it happen in an exciting way. “
– Christopher Nolan , recalling the moment when Goyer introduced the idea of ​​a modernized Superman. 49 50

In June 2008, Warner Bros. took ideas from comic book writers, screenwriters and directors on how to restart the successful Superman film series . 51 The comic book writers Grant Morrison , Mark Waid , Geoff Johns and Brad Meltzer were among those who gave their ideas for a reboot. “I told them, is not so bad. Just try to Superman Returns as Hulk from Ang Lee , ” Morrison said. ” The Incredible Hulk has proven that audiences will forgive you and let you redo the franchise,” Waid said. 52 The idea of Morrison was similar to his work in All-Star Superman , while Waid was akin to Superman: Birthright . 52 Mark Millar , teaming with director Matthew Vaughn , also planned an epic eight-hour Superman trilogy , each one-year-old release akin to The Lord of the Rings . 53 54 Millar compared it to the trilogy of The Godfather, in which would describe the entire life of Superman, from the early days of Krypton to the end where Superman loses his powers, as the sun begins to make supernova . 55

In August 2008, Warner Bros. suggested a reboot of the franchise. The studio executive Jeff Robinov planned that the film is released in 2010 or 2011, explaining that ” Superman Returns did not work as much as a film in the way we wanted. It is not directed to the character the way he needed to be oriented. If ‘ Superman ‘Would have worked in 2006, we would have had a movie for this Christmas or 2009. But now the plan is to just reintroduce Superman without considering a Batman and Superman movie at all. ” 56Paul Levitz said in an interview that Batman has the key to Superman’s reboot. He elaborated, “Everyone is waiting for Nolan to sign up for another Batman, once it passes, the release date of Superman and all other future projects will follow.” 57 In February 2009, McG , who previously planned to direct Superman: Flyby , expressed interest in returning to the Superman franchise. 57 58 In August 2009, there was a court ruling in which Jerry Siegel ‘s family recovered 50% of the rights to Superman’s origins and Siegel’s share of copyright in Action Comics # 1 . 59 In addition, a judge ruled that Warner Bros. did not owe any additional royalties to the families of previous films. However, if they did not start production on a Superman movie for 2011, then Siegel’s assets could be sued for loss of revenue in an unproduced film. 60

The Man of Steel plot uses a non-linear narrative , and tells parts of the story in flashback . During story discussions for The Dark Knight Rises in 2008, David S. Goyer gave Christopher Nolan his idea on how to present Superman in a modern context. 49 Impressed with Goyer’s concept, Nolan showed the idea to the studio, 49 who hired Nolan to produce Goyer and write the script based on the critical and financial success of The Dark Knight . 61 56 Nolan admired Bryan Singer’s work on Superman Returns Richard Donner ‘s version , saying “A lot of people have approached Superman in many different ways. I just know the way it worked for us that’s what I know how to do , “Emphasizing the idea that Batman exists in a world where he is the only superhero and a similar approach to The Steel Man would ensure the integrity necessary for the film. “Each serves the inner logic of history. They have nothing to do with each other.” Nolan, however, clarified that the new film would have no relation to the previous film series. 62

Jeff Robinov, president of Warner Bros. Pictures Group, spoke with Entertainment Weekly , and gave a look over the secret wall around his DC Comics plans: “It’s setting the tone for what movies are going to be in the future In that, it’s definitely a first step. ” 63 The plans included the film contains references to the existence of other superheroes, alluding to the possibility of a DCU larger, 64 and setting the tone of a shared fictional universe of DC Comics characters on film. 65 Guillermo del Toro , with whom Goyer worked on Blade II , rejected the director’s position in the reboot because of his commitment to a film adaptation of At the Mountains of Madness , 66 while Robert Zemeckis was also an option. 67 Ben Affleck , Darren Aronofsky , Duncan Jones , Jonathan Liebesman, Matt Reeves and Tony Scott were considered as potential directors, 68 before Zack Snyder was hired in October 2010. 69 The casting began the following November. 70 71 Zack Snyder confirmed that there would be references to both Booster Gold and Batman in the film, indicating the presence of both in the shared cinematic universe of DC. An example is when Zod destroys the satellite, in which the words “Wayne Enterprises” appear. 72

Shooting

The main photography began on August 1, 2011, in an industrial park near the DuPage Airport under the key name “Autumn Frost”. 73 Zack Snyder expressed reluctance to shoot the film in 3D , due to technical limitations of the format, and instead chose to shoot the film in 2D and convert it into 3D in post – production for a release in 2D, 3D and IMAX 3D. 74 Snyder also chose to shoot the film on tape rather than digitally , because he felt that would make the film, “a great movie experience.” 75 Shooting was expected to take two to three months. 76 The production took place in Plano , Illinois from August 22 to 29. 73 77 According to an interview with Michael Shannon, filming would continue until February 2012. 78

The steel man was filmed in the Chicago , California area and Burnaby’s Mammoth Studios was transformed into the home planet of Superman, Krypton, and the multitude of extraterrestrial ships. The metropolitan lands on the seafront of Vancouver’s North Shore hosted the filming of the dramatic rescue of the oil rig that presents Superman to the audience. Ucluelet and Nanaimo , British Columbia , appear prominently in the first hour of the film – winter fog and rough seas made Alaska in the film. Shooting took place at Chicago Loop from September 7 to 17. 73 Production in Vancouver took place from September 21, 2011 to January 20, 2012. 79 Filming in Chicago was a unit project, meaning filming joining numerous constituencies as well as cuts and not necessarily include cast members principal. 80

Design

The steel man features a Superman suit redesigned by James Acheson and Michael Wilkinson. The suit retains the color scheme and logo in the shape of “S”, but it adopts darker shades, and notably does not have the red meshes that usually Superman uses. Zack Snyder said the suit is “a modern aesthetic.” He and the producers tried to create a suit with red tights, but they could not design one that matches the tone of the film, leading to his absence in the suit. 81 Because of the inaccessibility of Wilkinson, Acheson Snyder chose to design the suit; However he only started to develop it, and Wilkinson finished development when he returned, also designing the costumes of the other characters. 82 Due to substantial weight should have a practical suit, armor Kryptonian General Zod was built by CGI to give Shannon “freedom of movement”. 83 In a 2014 interview with Esquire , Wilkinson explained the reason for the look of Superman’s redesigned costume:

“We started the film on the planet Krypton, which is where the suit comes from, and we’re going to have to do it. We strive hard to show that the suit fits in with the culture.All the people seen in Krypton are wearing this mesh- like suit , with the same details as the Superman suit. The details of the fists and boots are repeated in all the different characters we know in Krypton So by the time we see Superman in his suit we understand why he looks like he looks. 82

Effects

John “DJ” Desjardin served as the visual supervisor of The Steel Man , with Weta Digital , MPC and Double Negative providing visual effects for the film. 84 85 86 Zack Snyder wanted the film to “look very natural because there are some really great things there and he wanted people to put a stop to his skepticism, and we, the visual effects team, should make them as easy as possible. ” Desjardin noted that the intention to shoot the film was to use portable devices to make the film feel like a ” documentary style” movie . “We had to think about what it would mean, as we should also take some crazy action,” Desjardin said. “So for many of the previews we did, we would start to think where our cameras were and where our cameraman was. Many of the rules are the rules of Battlestar Galactica for space cameras that Garry Hurtzel developed for this miniseries where we wanted to make sure we even Moving the camera makes sense. Unless the action is too exaggerated, like at the end where Superman is beating Zod, we’d have to interrupt her a bit. ” 87

For the first act of the film to take place on the planet Krypton, Weta Digital placed planetary environments, creatures and main means of visualization – a technology that the filmmakers called “liquid geometry” – with an extraterrestrial aspect. Weta Digital visual effects supervisor Dan Lemmon explained that “it’s a bunch of silver balls suspended by a magnetic field, and the machine can control that magnetic field so that the collection of balls behaves almost like three-dimensional pixels , And can create a surface that floats in the air and describes whatever it is supposed to look like. ” Visualization balls, which would closely resemble pyramids with a slight bevel , were designed to create a surface of objects to describe within a “sort of console”. 87

In modeling and animation of the aspect of liquid geometry, Goodwin explained, “We had to develop a pipeline to bring benefits, so instead of going down the road to reduce the number of polygons to something useful we would do next; Would take the model in any way that was done and only discrete points would be spread on it, and extract the matrix on the animation and copy these points on the matrix and have these scattered points behaving in a way that the model would do. 87 After the animation, the artists doubled the balls on the animated geometry for a pre-simulated lighting version to gain approval of how the object would be read. Simulations were then made “on all targets that would be discrete balls floating on the surface that would have their own set of parameters,” Goodwin said. “The size of the balls or the turbulence that would creep along the surface constantly updating the orientation was based on the normal vector given by the surface, so that was saved on the disk and we would use that sim as the final target for the simulation.” After the simulation process, Weta Digital passed each ball through a temporary filter to eliminate fluctuation and control the noise. The lighting solutions worked directly on the set. Weta used RenderMan to take advantage of ray tracing and object modeling. 87

The sequences where they use melee scenes with the other Kryptonians proved to be a great challenge for the filmmakers and visual effects team. 87 Desjardin explained, “When we do these fights and these things hyperreal not want to do the traditional, ‘Okay, I’m a cameraman, I’m filming a clean catch, I’ll rock a little here to follow the action that really do not It’s there but we’ll settle the action later. ‘ Because that’s how we animate the characters in the camera, so we would do that animation with the characters – fighting, beating or flying – and we would place the real guys to the point where they are supposed to do that and cut. We would put an environmental camera there and take the environment.And then a reference camera of the actors and take every moment.So we would then have a set of high resolution frames for the environment and the characters.Then in postproduction we take the digital double and We encourage them according to the speeds at which we want them to move in our digital environment. ” 87

MPC was in charge of the visual effects for the sequence of the “encounter in Smallville”. Before providing the visual effects, the shots were previewed for the choreography of the fight. After the previews, the actual portions of the scene would be shot in small pieces. “If for example Superman was hit and dropped to 50 meters, we would roll our initial and final position, and then fill that void with computer generated shots,” said Guillaume Rocheron, MPC visual effects supervisor. Then a camera platform would get keyframes of the choreographed actor. “A six-frame camera platform built on a tube platform so you can run with it at the end of a set-up and get key picture shots of a performance or expression,” said Desjardin, “and then we could use those high-resolution shots To project on the double generated by computer and to have a very precise transitory illumination and color – direct from the set-. 87

In the set, a camera platform was used to capture the sequence environment. Dubbed “enviro-cam,” the visual effects team would mount a Canon EOS-5D and a motorized nodal head, allowing the computer to capture the environment at a 360 degree angle with 55k resolution for each shot, the process would take approximately two To four minutes. The capture of the set resulted in illumination and textures that could be reprojected on the geometry. 87 Full-screen digital doubles were a major component for fight scenes. Also added digital armor, along with the kryptonian helmets made with energy. Cyberscan and FACS were performed with the actors, and polarized and non-polarized reference pictures were taken . Superman’s cape and suit were scanned in great detail – the particular cape became a direct extension of Superman’s actions. 87

For sequences with metropolis terraforming, Double Negative handled visual effects. To build a Metropolis that seemed compelling and realistic, Double Negative used Esri’s CityEngine to help provide the city as a process. “That was a lot more based on science fiction,” said Double Negative visual effects supervisor Ged Wright, “so we took what they had done and we extended them a lot. The work we did was around the center of New York, LA, and Chicago, and that gave us the building volumes for the heights, we would cover those volumes with pieces of equipment, but most of them would then collapse! “So we had to equip them for destruction and use them for other aspects of the work ‘ ” 87

For the destruction of buildings, the study rewrote its own system of benefits to address its dynamic events. Bullet physics software was a high-impact component for the use of destruction. “We wanted to be able to conduct an RBD event and trigger all of these side events, be they glass or dust simulations, all those things needed to be chained and handled as a process,” said Wright. “One of the advantages of this was that, since everything was based around a limiting number of input components, you can ensure that they are modeled in a way that they are usable in effects; you can model something but they will be in another scenario To equip it for destruction. ” Fire, smoke and water stimulation tools were developed in the Double Negative study. The study ranged from existing patented volume representation software to represent elements in Mantra as fireball simulations. Double Negative also used the local fluid tool “Squirt” to perform larger-scale simulations and interaction for more tightly coupled volumes and particles. On the battle between Superman and Zod, Double Negative implemented real photography in his digital doubles. 87

Music

Hans Zimmer composed and produced the soundtrack of El hombre de acero

Hans Zimmer initially denied popular rumors that he would make up the music for the film. 88 However, in June 2012, it was confirmed that Zimmer, in fact, would make the film’s movie music . 89To distinguish Man of Steel ‘s previous films, the iconic ” March of Superman ” of John Williams was not used. 90 91 The soundtrack by Hans Zimmer for The Man of Steel was released to the public on June 11, 2013. 92 An unofficial part of the soundtrack of the third trailer , titled “An Ideal of Hope” confirmed as a reduced version of “What are you Going to Do When you are Not Saving the World?” 93 was launched on 19 April 2013. 94 in late April 2013, the list of official songs of the edition revealed deluxe two – disc . 95

Release

The steel man had a red carpet premiere at Lincoln Center ‘s Alice Tully Hall in New York City on June 10, 2013, 96 which was attended by cast members. 97 The film had a great premiere on June 14, 2013 in conventional cinemas, 3D and IMAX . 98 99

Marketing

Warner Bros. and DC Comics obtained the rights to the Internet domain manofsteel.com, in use by a member of the public, to use as the official website of the film. 100 On November 20, 2012, for the release of The Dark Knight Rises DVD and Blu-ray , Warner Bros. began a countdown on the movie’s website where fans could share it on websites such as Facebook or Twitter to Unlock an “exclusive reward”. On December 3, 2012, it was revealed that the “exclusive reward” was an official poster teaser of The Steel Man . 101 The poster, which shows Superman being arrested , generated a positive response and much speculation about the film’s history. 102 On December 10, 2012, a website appeared on dsrwproject.com that gave audio signals to be deciphered by viewers. It was discovered that it was linked to the film because of the copyright on the website. 103 For the December 11, 2012, the decrypted message had led readers to other website with a countdown to the general release trailer. 104 105 In anticipation of the film, Mattel introduced a line of toys that included action figures from Movie Masters. In addition, Lego released three sets of The Steel Man , inspired by scenes from the film; Rubie’s Costume Co. also launched a new line of costumes and accessories inspired by The Man of Steel for both children and adults. 106 The film was reported to have grossed more than $ 160 million of licensed promotional products. 107

The campaigns of viral marketing for the film began when the official website was replaced by “radio waves from deep space.” The message was decoded revealing a voice that said “They are not alone”. The official site continued to update itself with new static files that slowly revealed the symbol of the film’s villain, General Zod. Shortly thereafter, the website was replaced with a “message” from Zod, saying that Earth must return to Kal-El in their custody and Kal-El surrender within 24 hours or the world would suffer the consequences. 108 Appeared a viral site called IWillFindHim .com -in Spanish , LoEncontraré.com – showing a countdown to the third trailer for the film. 109

Warner Bros. got a Christian-based marketing company , Grace Hill Media, to help spread the Christian themes of the film to religious demographics. Special announcements were created outlining religious tones. Hollywood studios often market movies for specific religions and cultural groups. Warner Bros. previously marketed film as The Blind Side , The Notebook , The Book of Eli and the Harry Potter series to religious- based groups . 110 111Warner Bros. asked Professor Craig Detweiler of Pepperdine University to “create a sermon outline centered on Superman titled: Jesus: The Original Superhero .” 112 Paul Asay of The Washington Post wrote, “Religious themes keep coming: Free will Sacrifice Purpose given by God Steel man is not just a movie It’s a Bible study with a layer The messages are so strong That its merchants have been explicitly pushing the film to Christian audiences. ” 113

Home version

The man of steel was released on DVD two – disc, and combo packs Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D respective on November 12, 2013 114 and the United Kingdom on 2 December 2013. 115 By January 2015, The steel man has sold 2,279,088 DVDs along with 3,153,563 Blu-ray, raising $ 41,500,264 and $ 63,820,325 respectively for a total of $ 105,320,589. 116

Reception

Box office

The steel man raised $ 291 million in North America and an estimated $ 377 million in other territories, for an international total of $ 668 million, 5 making it the most collectible Superman film to date, and the second largest reboot behind The Amazing Spider -Man (although he did surpass The Amazing Spider-Man in North America). Calculating all expenses, Deadline estimated that the film had a profit of $ 42.7 million. 117 The film grossed $ 116.6 million in its first weekend, including $ 17.5 million of IMAX theaters. 118

The steel man made $ 12 million from a feature program at Walmart on a Thursday night, and an additional $ 9 million in functions later that night. 119 This marked the third premier premiere night / night of Warner Bros., and the biggest anticipated nightly / late night debut for a non-sequel. 120 The movie eventually earned $ 44 million on its first Friday (including late night fundraisers) and $ 56.1 million including Thursday night features. The first day’s collection was the largest for a non-sequel, and the 20th largest of all. 5 Its first day’s $ 116.6 million collection was the third biggest of 2013, behind Iron Man 3 ($ 174.1 million) and The Hunger Games: Burning ($ 158.1 million), and the third largest among non-sequels, behind The Avengers ($ 207.4 million) and The Hunger Games ($ 152.5 million). He also broke the Toy Story 3 record ($ 110.3 million) for the biggest weekend debut in June (the record was again broken two years later by Jurassic World , with an initial grossing of $ 208.8 million) 121 122 However, Its second weekend, the Steel Man box office fell nearly 65% ​​-68% if Thursday night’s revenue was included – placing it in third place, behind Monsters University and World War Z -. Box Office Mojo called it an “abnormally large drop”, close to the decline of the second Green Lantern weekend . 123

The steel man raised $ 73.3 million in his first weekend in 24 countries, including $ 4.2 million from 79 IMAX cinemas, setting a record for the first weekend of June at IMAX. 118 The film set a first-day record in the Philippines with $ 1.66 million. 118 In the United Kingdom , Ireland and Malta , The Steel Man raised $ 5.6 million in its first weekend and £ 11.2 million ($ 17.47 million) in its first weekend. 124 125 Your biggest opening outside the United States was in China , with $ 25.9 million in four days (Thursday through Sunday). 126 In total collections, its three countries with the highest after North America are China ($ 63.4 million); The United Kingdom, Ireland and Malta ($ 46.2 million); And Australia ($ 22.3 million). 127

Criticism

Steelman received mixed reviews with a score of 56% on Rotten Tomatoes , based on 290 reviews, with an average score of 6.2 / 10. The consensus of the site says, ” The Steel Man provides exciting action and spectacle to overcome his detours in generic blockbuster territory.” 48 In Metacritic , the film received an average score of 55 out of 100, based on 47 reviews, indicating “mixed reviews”. 128 CinemaScore’s North American audience surveys for the film resulted in an average rating of “A-” (on a scale from “A +” to “F”), with those under 18 and over 50 giving it a Average of “A”. 124 ‘s performance Cavill as Superman got mixed reviews, with some critics commenting on the perceived rigidity and lack of charisma. 129

Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times said The Steel Man did not cover any new ground on Superman’s films, and instead “we are again submerged in a mostly disappointing film with underdeveloped characters and fight scenes Overloaded, prolonged and offer nothing new on the side of the creativity of special effects. ” 130 Ty Burr of The Boston Globe wrote, “What is missing from this Superman saga is a sense of clarity, the burst of joy ‘” 131Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post said that with “the turgid and overproduced soundtrack of Hans Zimmer , “The film” is an exceptionally unpleasant visual experience “. 132 For Lisa Kennedy of The Denver Post , the main problem with The Steel Man is the “rhythm and balance in storytelling and direction,” which resulted in a movie that “ranges from destructive exaggeration to unprepared sermons.” 133

Kofi Outlaw, editor-in-chief at ScreenRant, gave The Steel Man a 4-star review of 5, saying that “Steel man has earned his livelihood, and deserves to be the iconic Superman movie for a whole New generation.134 He would then call The Steel Man the best superhero movies of 2013. 135 Jim Vejvoda of IGN gave The Steel Man a 9 out of 10, praising the action sequences and performances of Kevin Costner , Russell Crowe and Michael Shannon . 136 Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter said re-starting the franchise again was unnecessary, but that the film “is a rehab job that perhaps did not cry out to be performed, but it is so overwhelmingly insistent on its size and strength that it is difficult Do not give in. ” 137 PopMatters journalist JC Maçek III wrote, “The path of this defective savior is not exactly made us wait and several fans will love this and many others will condemn their divergences from comics.” On the other hand, except for Lois Lane’s own knowledge Of the dual nature of Clark and Superman (thus depriving one of the greatest revelations of fiction), the hero we see in the last moments of The Steel Man is nothing other than the character that Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster created. .. just with a little more in the “imperfections” column. ” 138 Steve Persall of the Tampa Bay Times said, ” The steel man is more than just Avengers- sized evasion ; it’s an artistic introduction to a movie superhero we just thought we knew.” 139 Richard Corliss of the magazine Time said “the film finds its true sublime balance not when it shows the extraordinary powers of Kal-El, but when dramatizes the turbulent humanity of Clark Kent’s part. Super of The Man of Steel is just fine; but the part man [in English , man ] is super. ” 140 In a review on Roger Ebert’s website , Matt Zoller Seitz gave the film three stars out of four, calling it an “awesome movie” and praising the conflict between Clark and Zod but criticizing it for not having more personal and intimate moments Between Clark and Lois. 141 Speaking to Fox Business Channel, Rotten Tomatoes editor Grae Drake expressed dismay over critical reception saying, “As much as I love and respect our critics at Rotten Tomatoes, I have to say that I am shocked. It’s perfect but … I just can not figure it out. It was a good movie, guys. ” 142

The reaction of the creators of comics before the film was mixed. 143 Among those who enjoyed it are Jeff Parker, Heidi MacDonald, Ethan Van Sciver , Christos Cage and former Superman writer Dan Jurgens . Among his detractors are Joe Keatinge, Sean McKeever, Gabriel Hardman and Mark Waid . MacDonald praised the action, the drama and the protagonists of the film, Henry Cavill and Amy Adams. Van Sciver pointed to Cavill in particular with praise. Cage called it the best Superman movie since Superman II in 1980. Hardman said he liked the mechanics a lot, but did not connect with the characters, which took the story out of tension. Waid, who wrote the original miniseries Superman: Birthright , criticized the film for its tone “melancholy” in general, and the decision to kill Superman General Zod, 143 144 145 critical repeated by other creators. The writer Grant Morrison , who wrote the acclaimed miniseries critically All-Star Superman , 146 expressed a mixed reaction to the film, saying that while he “liked a little and a little no”, did not present anything new, and Who would have preferred a “second act” story with Lex Luthor instead of reinstating the character by presenting information Morrison already familiar with. Morrison also questioned the need for a superhero matt, 147 like the artist Neal Adams , who suggested that there were other ways to Superman when Zod threatened innocent with their caloric vision as covering their eyes. Adams later disagreed with Superman’s failure to drive away the final battle with Zod from the crowded Metropolis as the character did at the end of Superman II . 148

Awards

Awards and nominations
Association Date Category Recipients and nominees Result
Annie Award 149 February 1, 2014 Better animated effects in a live action production Iron Man Nominated
British Academy of Film Arts and Television 150 BAFTA infantil – Feature film 2013 Nominated
Central Ohio Film Critics Association 151 January 2, 2014 Actor of the year (by an exemplary work organization) Amy Adams
(also by American Hustle and Her )
Nominated
Awards of the Film Criticism 152 January 16, 2014 Best Action Actor Henry Cavill Nominated
Denver Film Critics Association January 13, 2014 Best Original Score Hans Zimmer
(also for 12 years of slavery )
Nominated
Best horror movie or science fiction Iron Man Nominated
Golden Trailer Awards 153 June 17, 2013 Best Summer Blockbuster Poster of 2013 Iron Man Winner
Best teaser poster Nominated
2013 Summer Blockbuster Trailer Nominated
Hollywood Film Awards 154 October 21, 2013 Hollywood Movie Awards Iron Man Nominated
Houston Film Critics Society 155 December 15, 2013 Best Original Score Hans Zimmer Nominated
NewNowNext Awards 156 June 17, 2013 Because you are sexy Henry Cavill Nominated
Next movie you should see Iron Man Winner
MTV Movie Awards 157 158 April 13, 2014 Best hero Henry Cavill Winner
People’s Choice Awards January 8, 2014 Favorite dramatic actress Amy Adams Nominated
Saturn Awards June 26, 2014 Best comic adaptation Iron Man Nominated
Best Performance by a Young Actor Dylan Sprayberry Nominated
Best Special Effects Joe Letteri, John “DJ” Desjardin and Dan Lemmon Nominees
Teen Choice Awards 159 August 13, 2013 Best Action Movie Iron Man Nominated
Best summer star: man Henry Cavill Nominated
Best summer star: woman Amy Adams Nominated
Best kiss Henry Cavill and Amy Adams Nominees
Visual Effects Society February 12, 2014 Best virtual photography in a live action feature film Daniel Paulsson, Edmund Kolloen, Joel Prager and David Stripinis Nominees
Best special effects and simulation animation in a live action feature film Brian Goodwin, Gray Horsfield, Mathieu Chardonnet and Adrien Toupet Nominees

Themes

Several critics have said that The Steel Man is a religious allegory , especially since Warner Bros. created the website www.manofsteelresources.com which contains “a nine-page pamphlet titled Jesus: The Original Superhero .” 112 160 161 Justin Craig likens the struggle Kal-El with the passion of Christ , saying “Kal-El is more than willing to sacrifice to save the people of Earth. Originally reluctant to reveal their identity and powers the world , Supes decides to surrender to Zod to save humanity from annihilation. ” 162 Craig also says there is an allegory of Trinity in The Man of Steel . “Jor-El returns to Kal-El on Earth as a ghost, guiding the burgeoning superhero who is his son on his journey to salvation before That Jor-El sends his son to Earth, in the style of the baby Moses , tells his wife that, like Jesus: ‘He will be a god to them’. ” 162 Paul Asay of The Washington Post writes that “Superman floats in space with his arms outstretched and nailed to an invisible cross,” a fact that Craig also mentioned in its assessment of the film. 113 162 The protagonist of the film also is 33 years old and search for ” advice in a church.112 Writing for The Huffington Post , Colin Liotta compared Zod with Adolf Hitler , citing, “He feels that his vision of a pure Krypton (s Say a society like Hitler visualized with his eugenics program ) is the only answer to survival. ” 163

Future

Main article: Extended universe of DC Comics

The success of The Steel Man initiated the plans of Warner Bros. of an extended universe with other personages of DC Comics . In July 2013, Snyder announced at the San Diego International Comics Convention that the sequel to The Steel Man would feature Superman and Batman for the first time in a cinematic format. Cavill, Adams, Lane and Fishburne will repeat their roles. 164 165 Snyder said the film would be inspired by the comic The Dark Knight Returns . 166 In August 2013, I announced that Ben Affleck would play Batman, 167 while Gal Gadot was chosen as Wonder Woman in December 2013. 168 Later in December, the screenwriter of Argo Chris Terrio was hired to rewrite the script, because To Goyer’s commitments in other projects. 169 In January 2014, it was announced that the film had been delayed from its original date of release on July 17, 2015 to May 6, 2016, 170 and in May 2014, it was revealed that the title of the film would be Batman V Superman: Dawn of Justice . 171 While the film was originally conceived as a sequel to The Man of Steel , became a separate entity. 172 The date was moved back to March 25, 2016. 173 In August 2016, it was confirmed that work was being done on a sequel to the Man of Steel. 174