The Homomonument is a memorial in the center of Amsterdam , the capital of the Netherlands . The monument reminds all homosexuals , gays and lesbians , who have been subjected to persecution because of their sexual orientation. Inaugurated 5 of September of 1987 , it has the form of three large pink triangles made of granite, placed in ground forming the vertices of a larger triangle on the shore of Keizersgracht canal, close to the historical church of Westerkerk .
Homomonument was designed to ” inspire and support lesbians and gays in their struggle against denial, oppression and discrimination. “It was built by a May 1979 initiative of the Dutch LGBT movement, with the support of groups from other countries.
A miniature version can be seen in the park Madurodam in The Hague . The scale model was inaugurated on October 24, 2006 by the Mayor of Amsterdam, Job Cohen , and President of the COC , Frank van Dalen. 1
The idea of a permanent memorial to the victims of the Gays and Lesbians persecution dates back to 1970, when Gais activists were arrested for attempting to place a laurel wreath at the national monument commemorating war victims at Dam Square in the center Of Amsterdam. The crown was withdrawn by the police and denounced as a shame.
It took eight years to gather the 180,000 € needed to build it . Most came from donations from individuals and organizations. The Dutch parliament donated € 50,000 and the city of Amsterdam and the province of North Holland also made contributions.
In 1980, various artists were invited to preset their designs and a jury, made up of art and design experts, chose a design presented by Karin Daan , based on the pink triangle. With the triangle in the water as the center point, Daan expanded the design to make his idea as monumental as possible without disturbing the surroundings.
The theme of the triangle is based on the symbol of the pink triangle that homosexuals detained in concentration camps had to carry during the Nazi era and later adopted by the gay liberation movement . More than 50,000 men were convicted of their homosexuality during the Nazi rule. From 10,000 to 15,000 they were sent to concentration camps, where they died 60%. 2 Although the Homomonument is often described as a monument to the victims of Nazi persecution, the intention is to commemorate all the gay and lesbian men who have suffered and continue to suffer persecution in all countries and at all times.
In addition to the triangle in the canal, which has a series of stairs leading to the water, where they are often placed wreaths, there is a triangle of 60 cm in height and another at street level. The three equilateral triangles, 10 meters apart, together form a larger triangle, connected to each other with a thin row of pink granite bricks. This larger equilateral triangle has 36 meters of side.
The alignment of the three vertices of the major triangle have symbolic meaning. One points to the national war memorial on Dam Square. Another points to the house of Anne Frank , a Jewish girl who was deported by the Nazis and died in the concentration camp. The third apex points towards the headquarters of COC Nederland , the Dutch gay liberation group founded in 1946, making it the oldest LGBT organization in the world still in operation.
In the triangle pointing towards the Anne Frank House he is engraved a verse from Jewish and homosexual poet Jacob Israël de Haan (1881-1924): Naar een Vriendschap Zulk Mateloos Verlangen ( “Such infinite desire for friendship”). The text belongs to the poem To a young fisherman .