Hans Aumeier ( Amberg , Germany , 20 of August of 1906 – Krakow , Poland , 28 of January of 1948 ) was an officer in the SS Nazi , who served as Lagerführer the concentration camp Auschwitz and actively participated in the Holocaust .
Life before the war
Aumeier studied the Basic School in his native village, Amberg, later the baccalaureate of which only he spent three years and left to go to work as a turner in a local factory of rifles, following the career trajectory of his father. In 1923 , he left the rifle factory and went to work in a larger company in Munich . In 1925 , he left the job and tried to enter the Reichswehr ( German Army ) but was rejected, returned to Munich but could not get his old job, which is why he moved to work with several arms manufacturing companies in Berlin , Bremen , And Colonia , finally being unemployed.
In this period of time between 1926 and 1929 , Aumeier was working in several parts and in different branches in order to survive. In 1929, he joined the Nazi Party with the record number of 164,755 and the Sturmabteilung (SA), being assigned to the Headquarters of the SA in Berlin as one of the drivers. In 1931 , he is transferred to the SS with the number 2,700, being assigned as driver to the Staff of SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler , place where it was fixed because it was the military discipline that he longed for.
Between 1934 and 1937 he served and received training in the Dachau concentration camp . In 1937 , it would happen to the concentration camp of Lichtenburg and soon to the one of Flossenbürg where it would be between 1938 and 1942 .
Service in Auschwitz
The 1 of February of 1942 , was transferred to the concentration camp Auschwitz , being appointed as Head of Department III, entitled as Schutzhaftlagerführer (Head Corps camp prisoners at Auschwitz I), where he remained until the 16 of August of 1943 . It was during this time at Auschwitz that Aumeier became a strong reputation, being responsible for really draconian methods of mistreatment of the detainees, which included torture , beatings and executions. The 19 of March of 1942 , the number of 144 women were shot at the Wall of Executions located between blocks 10 and 11 by direct orders of Aumeier. The 27 of maypole of 1942 , was present at the mass execution of 168 prisoners who were killed in the same way. The 18 of August of 1943 , Aumeier was found guilty of practices of corruption within the country and therefore was transferred to the main camp of Auschwitz under the direct orders of the Commandant Rudolf Hoess .
The life after Auschwitz
According to the reports of the interrogation, Aumeier said that between May and June of 1943 , while attached to the Command of Auschwitz, he was ordered to appear to the orders of the High SS Chief and Police Chief of “Ostland”, SS Gruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln . He was assigned to the SS Construction Brigade of the 5th Panzer Corps; This unit was responsible for the construction of the fortifications in the area of Oranienbaum-Leningrad, under the responsibility of the Todt Organization . Aumeier commandeered a construction unit with 7,000 prisoners Jews under his command to build and establish the concentration camp Vaivara where were concentrated the Jews of Estonia in this field Aumeier served as commander from 1943 until August 1944.
On this date, prisoners of Vaivara were sent to the concentration camp Stutthof and Aumeier returned to Riga under the orders of Jeckeln. There it took part in the attempt to take the Island of Osel, military action where the Germans failed.
In October of 1944 , shortly before the surrender of Riga was ordered to report to SS Gruppenführer Richard Glücks in the concentration camp of Oranienburg . This time he asked the General Glücks permission to be reassigned to his former unit in the concentration camp Dachau to visit his family. This leave was conditioned but contracted an infection in one eye and was hospitalized staying in the site until January of 1945 . When it was finally discharged, it appeared again in Oranienburg where he was ordered to go to Norway to be named Commander of the Mysen concentration camp. He asked to see his family but was denied and had to move under a report from SS Sturmbannführer Max Pauly who would give him the instructions. On January 22 , he arrived in Oslo , met with Pauly who told him to supervise a building in the countryside where there were about 3,000 prisoners to be used as slave labor. Aumeier conducted this camp and his treatment was very different from the one he had given to the Auschwitz prisoners . He worked closely with the Red Cross of Norway until they left the field. The 7 as maypole as 1945 , Aumeier opened the camp gates and let the prisoners remain free, the next day the field was empty.
Arrest and execution
The November of June of 1945 , was arrested Aumeier in the field of Terningmoen as a result of the capture of MI6 British files of the Gestapo . He was still in full uniform of the SS and immediately admitted his name and rank. He was taken to the officers of the Intelligence Service of the United States in Akershus prison for interrogation in August 1945 .
In 1946 , he was extradited to Poland to face trial as a war criminal along with other 39 members of the Staff Officers ‘ SS who worked in Auschwitz – Birkenau , before the National Supreme Court in Krakow . The trial was conducted between 25 November and 16 of December of 1947 , and Aumeier said that if he was found guilty and sentenced to death, he “would die a Sündenbock (scapegoat) of Germany”. He testified before the Court, to the astonishment of the judges, for there was clear evidence, that he had never killed anyone in Auschwitz and none of his men or that he had any knowledge of the gas chambers . On December 22 , Aumeier was sentenced to death and was hanged on 28 of January of 1948 in prison Montelupich in Krakow .
- SS Unterscharführer – December 1931
- SS Oberscharführer – November 11, 1932
- SS Hauptscharführer – April 20, 1933
- SS Untersturmführer – April 20, 1934
- SS Obersturmführer – September 15, 1935
- SS Hauptsturmführer – September 11, 1938
- SS Sturmbannführer der Waffen-SS – November 9, 1944