Governorate of Transnistria

The Transnistria Governorate ( Romanian : Guvernământul Transnistriei) was a territory administered by Romania , conquered of the Soviet Union by the Axis Powers in World War II , during Operation Barbarossa and that was occupied militarily from the 19 of August of 1941 until The 29 of January of 1944 .

Adolf Hitler persuaded Ion Antonescu to take control of the territory as a compensation for Northern Transylvania, occupied by Hungary by Miklós Horthy in the development of the second Vienna Arbitration .

It bounded the West with the governorship of Bessarabia separated by the Dniester river ; by the east with the Reichskommissariat Ukraine administered by Germany of which it was separated by the Southern Bug and; By the south with the Black Sea . Linking the current Transnistria with the regions Ukrainian in Odesa , Vinnytsia and Pervomaisk (Mykolaiv) . According to their authorities the governorate had 2 326 224 inhabitants.

The Governorate of Transnistria was a death camp for the extermination of Jews , beginning with the massacres of Odessa from October 1941 . Many Jews were deported to Transnistria from Bessarabia and Bucovina . They were established ghettos and concentration camps Domanovka, Acmecetca and Bogdanovka , the latter where they were murdered in December 1941 between 40 and 50 thousand Jews. 1 During the period 1941-1944, some 200,000 people, Jews, Gypsies and anti-fascists were killed. 2 3

Administrative division

The governorate was divided into 13 provinces ( Romanian : judeţ) subdivided into municipalities (municipiu), towns (oraş) and districts (raion).

  • Judeţul Moghilău ( Moghilău )
    • Oraşul Moghilău
    • Oraşul Şmerinca
    • Raionul Balchi
    • Raionul Copaigorod
    • Raionul Crasnoe
    • Raionul Iarişev
    • Raionul Sargorod
    • Raionul Şmerinca
    • Raionul Stanislavcic
  • Judeţul Tulcin ( Tulcin )
    • Oraşul Moghilău
    • Raionul Şmerinca
    • Raionul Braslav
    • Raionul Spicov
    • Raionul Trostineţ
    • Raionul Tulcin
  • Judeţul Jugastru ( Iampol )
    • Oraşul Iampol
    • Raionul Cernovăţ
    • Raionul Crijopol
    • Raionul Iampol
    • Raionul Tomaspol
  • Judeţul Balta ( Balta )
    • Oraşul Balta
    • Oraşul Berşad
    • Raionul Balta
    • Raionul Berşad
    • Raionul Cicelnic
    • Raionul Obadovca
    • Raionul Olgopol
    • Raionul Pesceana
    • Raionul Savrani
  • Judeţul Râbniţa ( Râbniţa )
    • Oraşul Bârzula
    • Oraşul Râbniţa
    • Raionul Bârzula
    • Raionul Camenca
    • Raionul Codâma
    • Raionul Piesceanca
    • Raionul Râbniţa
  • Judeţul Golta ( Golta )
    • Oraşul Golta
    • Raionul Crivoe-Oziero
    • Raionul Domaniovca
    • Raionul Golta
    • Raionul Liubaşovca
    • Raionul Vradievca
  • Judeţul Ananiev ( Ananiev )
    • Oraşul Ananiev
    • Raionul Ananiev
    • Raionul Cernova
    • Raionul Petroverovca
    • Raionul Sfânta Troiţca
    • Raionul Siraievo
    • Raionul Valea Hoţului
  • Judeţul Dubăsari ( Dubăsari )
    • Oraşul Dubăsari
    • Oraşul Grigoriopol
    • Raionul Ciorna
    • Raionul Dubăsari
    • Raionul Grigoriopol
    • Raionul Ocna
    • Raionul Zaharievca
  • Judeţul Tiraspol ( Tiraspol )
    • Municipiul Tiraspol
    • Raionul Grosulova
    • Raionul Razdelnaia
    • Raionul Selz
    • Raionul Slobozia
    • Raionul Tebricovo
    • Raionul Tiraspol
  • Judeţul Ovidiopol ( Ovidiopol )
    • Oraşul Ovidiopol
    • Raionul Balaevca
    • Raionul Franzfeld
    • Raionul Ovidiopol
    • Raionul Vigoda
  • Judeţul Odessa ( Odessa )
    • Municipiul Odessa
    • Raionul Antono-Codincevo
    • Raionul Blagujevo
    • Raionul Ianovca
    • Raionul Odessa
  • Judeţul Berezovca ( Berezovca )
    • Oraşul Berezovca
    • Raionul Berezovca
    • Raionul Landau
    • Raionul Mostovoi
    • Raionul Veselinovo
  • Judeţul Oceacov ( Oceacov )
    • Oraşul Oceacov
    • Raionul Crasna
    • Raionul Oceacov
    • Raionul Varvarovca

References

  1. Back to top↑ «December 21: More than 40,000 Jews shot at Bogdanovka» . Yad Vashem.
  2. Back to top↑ Rome Holocaust victims speak out , BBC News, January 23, 2009
  3. Back to top↑ Holocaust Encyclopedia , USHMM, it estimated that 150 000 250 000 Jews from Romania, Ukraine and Moldova were killed in Transnistria Governorate.