Gisele Halimi

Gisèle Halimi ( Tunisia , 1927 ), born Zeiza Gisèle Élise Taïeb, is a feminist lawyer , activist and essayist Franco – Tunisian . 1


Born in La Goulette , a Jewish mother and father, she was educated at a French lyceum in Tunisia, and then attended the University of Paris, where she graduated in law and philosophy. Her childhood and the way she mixes a Jewish-Muslim identity is discussed in her memoirs, Le lait de l’Oranger . In 1948 she obtained the title of lawyer and has practiced in Paris since 1956. She practiced as a lawyer for the National Liberation Front of Algeria , especially in the case of the activist Djamila Boupacha , tortured in 1960. In 1961 she wrote a book to defend her case , Which featured an introduction by Simone de Beauvoir .

She was chair of the Russell Tribunal’s commission of inquiry into US war crimes in the Vietnam War and a judicial observer in the Rabat, Athens and Burgos trials ; In the latter as a delegate of the International Federation of Human Rights . 2 She has also defended Basque independentistas , and has been a counselor in many cases related to women’s issues, such as the abortion trial of Bobigny 3 of 1972.

In 1971, she founded the feminist group Choisir la Cause des femmes , 4 to protect women who had signed the 343 Manifesto , in which they admitted having had an abortion. In 1972 Choisir became a reformist organization and carried out a campaign of great influence to obtain the approval of a law that allowed the contraception and the abortion, that finally carried out Simone Veil in 1974.

In 1981 she was elected a member of the National Assembly of France , as an independent socialist, and was deputy of Isère until 1984. Between 1985 and 1987 she was delegated to UNESCO . 5

In 2006, she published an open letter to German Chancellor Angela Merkel regarding the opening of a large brothel whose opening coincided with preparations for the 2006 FIFA World Cup . 6


Halimi is author, among other books, of Le procés de Burgos ( The process of Burgos , 1971) on the sumarísimo judgment that was carried out during the pro-Franco dictatorship known as Burgos process ; As well as La Cause des femmes ( The Cause of Women , 1973). It also was the instigator and collaborator of collective work Le Programme commun des femmes ( The common cause of women , 1978) outlining the most important needs of women: legal, medical, educational and professional; And suggested solutions that should be decided by the female vote.

List of publications

  • Djamila Boupacha (Gallimard, 1962);
  • Le procès de Burgos (1971);
  • La cause des femmes (1973); ISBN 2-246-00028-9
  • Avortement, une loi en procès (1973);
  • The Right to Choose (1977); ISBN 0-7022-1433-7
  • Viol, Le procès d’Aix: Choisir la cause des femmes (1978)
  • Le Programme commun des femmes (1978); ISBN 2-246-00572-8
  • Milk for the Orange Tree (1988); ISBN 0-7043-2738-4
  • Une embellie perdue (1995); ISBN 2-07-073788-8
  • La nouvelle cause des femmes (1997); ISBN 2-02-031973-X
  • Fritna (1999); ISBN 2-259-19134-7
  • La parité dans la vie politique (1999); ISBN 2-11-004376-8
  • Avocate irrespectueuse (2002); ISBN 2-259-19453-2
  • Le procès de Bobigny: Choisir la cause des femmes , preface by Simone de Beauvoir , reprinted in 2006, ISBN 2-07-077515-1 ;
  • La Kahina (2006); ISBN 2-259-20314-0
  • Ne vous résignez jamais (2009); ISBN 978-2-259-20941-0
  • Histoire d’une passion (2011); ISBN 2-259-21394-4 , OCLC 706016623


  1. Back to top↑ Lawrence D. Kritzman ; Brian J. Reilly; Malcolm DeBevoise (September 2007). The Columbia History of Twentieth Century French Thought . Columbia University Press. P. 42. ISBN  9780231107907 . Retrieved on January 15, 2011 .
  2. Back to top↑ Arozamena Ayala, Ainhoa. Gisèle Halimi . Encyclopedia Auñamendi . Eusko Media . Retrieved on January 29, 2015 .
  3. Back to top↑ Choisir la cause des femmes (in French)
  4. Back to top↑ Raylene L. Ramsay (2003). French women in politics: writing power, paternal legitimization, and maternal legacies . Berghahn Books. Pp. 135-139. ISBN  9781571810816 . Retrieved on January 15, 2011 .
  5. Back to top↑ «France» . UNESCO . October 17, 2007 . Retrieved on January 15, 2010 .
  6. Back to top↑ [,1-0@2-3232,36-780530,0.html Madame la chancelière Merkel, agissez!, By Gisèle Halimi]. Le Monde