Georges Vacher de Lapouge

Count Georges Vacher de Lapouge (1854-1936), was an eugenist and anti- Semitic French anthropologist ; Procureur de la République and professor.

Georges Vacher de Lapouge, born December 12, 1854 in Neuville-de-Poitou ( Vienne ) and died on February 20, 1936 in Poitiers (Vienne), was an anthropology figure who practiced as a teacher and later as a librarian.

Georges Vacher de Lapouge developed the racist theory (racial categorization) of Gobineau at the end of the 19th century .

Atheist , anticlerical and socialist activist , was one of the founders of the French Labor Party of Guesde before the formation of the SFIO .


When he was a young law student at the University of Poitiers , Vacher de Lapouge read Herbert Spencer and Charles Darwin , who, as well as Arthur de Gobineau , Alphonse de Candolle , Ernst Haeckel and Francis Galton , would greatly influence him and his works . 1 In 1879 he obtained his doctorate in law and became a judge in Niort (Deux-Sevres) and prosecutor in Le Blanc . Later, he studied history and philology at the School of Higher Studies in Social Sciences , and learned several languages such as Akkadian, Egyptian, Hebrew, Chinese and Japanese at the Louvre School and at the School of Anthropology of Paris 1883-1886.

From 1886, Vacher de Lapouge taught anthropology at the University of Montpellier , defending the eugenics thesis of Francis Galton , but was expelled in 1892 due to his socialist activities (he cofounded the French Workers Party of Jules Guesde and appeared in 1888 to the Mayor of the city in the municipal elections of Montpellier ). 2 He later worked as a librarian at the University of Rennes until his retirement in 1922. </ Ref> 3

Some publications

  • (1878). Essai Historique sur le Conseil Privé or Conseil des Parties . Poitiers: Impr. By A. Dupré.
  • (1879). Du Patrimoine in Droit Romain et en Droit Français . Poitiers: Impr. De Marcireau et Cie.
  • (1879). Essais de Droit Positif Généralisé. Théorie du Patrimoine . Paris: Ernest Thorin.
  • (1885). Études sur la Nature and sur l’Évolution Historique du Droit de Succession . Paris: Ernest Thorin.
  • (1896). Les Sélections Sociales . Paris: A. Fontemoing (“Social Selections”).
  • (1899). L’Aryen: Son Rôle Social . Paris: Albert Fontemoing (“The Aryan: his Social Role”).
  • (1909). Race et Milieu Social: Essais d’Anthroposociologie . Paris: Marcel Rivière (“Race and Social Background: Essays of Anthroposociology”).


  • (1886). “L’Hérédité,” Revue d’Anthropologie 1 , 512-521.
  • (1887). “The Dépopulation de la France,” Revue d’Anthropologie 2 (1): 69-80.
  • (1887). “L’Anthropologie et la Science Politique,” Revue d’Anthropologie 2 (2): 136-157.
  • (1887). “Les Sélections Sociale,” Revue d’Anthropologie 2 (5): 519-550.
  • (1888). “De l’Inégalité Parmi les Hommes,” Revue d’Anthropologie 3 (1): 9-38.
  • (1888). “L’Hérédité dans la Science Politique,” Revue d’Anthropologie 3 (2): 169-181.
  • (1915). “Le Paradoxe Pangermaniste” , Mercure de France , Volume 111, No. 416, 640-654.
  • (1923). “Dies Irae: The End of the Monde Civilise,” Europe 9 (October 1): 59-61.


  1. Back to top↑ Hecht, Jennifer Michael (2013). The End of the Soul: Scientific Modernity, Atheism, and Anthropology in France . Columbia University Press, p. 190.
  2. Back to top↑ Boissel, Jean (1982). “George Vacher de Lapouge: A Socialiste Revolutionnaire Darwinien,” Nouvelle Ecole 13 , p. 59-83.
  3. Back to top↑ Haeckel, Ernest (1897). Le Monisme, Lien Between Religion and Science . Paris: Schleicher Frères.