Demmin is a city in West Pomerania , in north-eastern Germany . It is located in the mouths of the rivers Trebel and Tollense in the river Peene . It was part of the former German Democratic Republic .
It could originate from the Slavic term timänie ‘marshy area’.
Around the years 5500 – 4900 BC, the so-called ceramics culture was sold from the east, and from the Oder River to the eastern area of Demmin. The large dolmen located near Upost is classified as one of the largest in the region. As evidence of the presence of funnel vessel culture, there are evidences of 119 megalithic constructions around Demmin, of which 56 are partially preserved. Most of these constructions make up about 37 dolmen. In addition the fact that there are also preserved about 6 simple dolmens, seems to indicate that Demmin and its surroundings were places in which the construction of such works were pioneers among the rest of the near regions. Of later periods, there are 12 constructions, like tombs and mortars, preserved in the region. Finally, from 1800 BC, the appearance of several Germanic peoples began.
From the Saxon wars to the tenth century
Slavic settlements of the Veleti tribes can be attributed to the seventh century AD. In 789, during the Saxon wars, Charlemagne led his troops to the River Peene, against the Veleti, allied with the Saxons. Dragovit, king of the Veleti, whose castle, Civitas Dragowiti, was said to be probably in Vorwerk (Demmin), surrendered to Charlemagne and swore loyalty to him. The region was good for founding settlements, and was in a good geographical position, close to the crossing of rivers and trade routes. During the clashes between the Veleti and the Franks, a castle was built in the nearby region by the Circipani Lutici at the end of the 10th century. This castle was later called “Haus Demmin”. From there they controlled the eastern part of the territory of Circipania, which they bounded with Güstrow in the west. The main castle was called Teterow.
Demmin was a fortress of the Western Slavic Circuses during the Middle Ages. Due to their strategic importance, several “burghs” (the ones that frequently were attacked and destroyed) were created in the sites known as Vorwerk and Haus Demmin, and named as Dimin or Dymin. A Saxon navy failed to besiege the site during the Wendos crusade in 1147. Even so, armed conflicts between nearby villages and invading troops from the now-known regions such as Germany and Denmark devastated the land. It was repopulated by Germanos and Flamencos between the XII and XIV centuries. Circipania was divided between Mecklenburg and Pommern, with Demmin passing to the Pomeranian side, becoming Demmin into a residence city for its dukes (Teilherzogtum Pomerania-Demmin).
Demmin was a member of the Hanseatic League ; Since 1994 again bears the title Hansestadt .
Like many towns in Pomerania, Demmin remained a purely agricultural region, although Demmin was part of some trade agreements. In the Thirty Years War, Demmin was occupied by Imperial troops from 1627 to 1630, and then by Swedish troops.
During the Weimar Republic period, Demmin was a stronghold for the DNVP and the Stahlhelm. In the last national elections of the Reichstag in 5 of March of 1933 National Socialist party had by about 53.7% of the votes in Demmin. Even before 1933, there were boycotts of Jewish businesses, many of whom moved. Even the local synagogue was sold in June 1938 a furniture business, thanks to which it survived as a building. On 11 November 1938 hundreds were mobilized to the main square in an anti-Semitic demonstration. In 2nd GM, Polish prisoners of war, Soviets, and also of France and Belgium were used in forced labor. The Germans destroyed bridges on the Peene River in their withdrawal from Demmin before the advance of the Soviet troops. Thus, the advance on Demmin was slowed, until April 30, 1945. During that night, and the following morning, Demmin was occupied by the Red army without much resistance, like other cities like Greifswald. Looting, rapes and executions were carried out by the troops, which, at the beginning of May 1945, about 900 residents of Demmin committed a mass suicide, 1 and in addition almost all the Old City was victim of a fire
The Demmin shield shows:
- A red fortress with three open doors
- Two towers that are crowned by a silver lily
- To the right the shield shows a griffon , which is the heraldic animal of Pomerania
- At the top of the shield is a blue helmet, crowned with green peacock feathers
- The red fort symbolizes the history of the city as the residence of the princes of Pomerania
- The lily at the coronation of both towers symbolizes the flower of the city in the eighteenth century.
- Joachim Lütkemann (1608-1655), preacher and writer.
- Heinrich Carl von Schimmelmann (1724-1782), merchant and politician.
- Julius Friedrich Cohnheim (1839-1884), a pathologist.
- Willy Schulz-Demmin (1892-1974), painter.
- Hans-Adolf Asbach (1904-1976), politician.
- Willi Laatsch (1905-1997), pedologist.
- Paul von Maltzahn (1945), diplomat.
- Back to top↑ «German Numancia: the town where everyone wanted to commit suicide» . The Confidential . April 21, 1997 . Retrieved on April 21, 2015 .