Daniel Goldhagen

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen (n. Boston , 30 of June of 1959 ) is a writer American and former associate professor political science and sociology from Harvard University . Goldhagen was known internationally for having written two controversial books on the Holocaust : Hitler’s Torturers Volunteers (1996) and The Catholic Church and the Holocaust (2002). He has also written Worse than war , a book of 2009 that examines the phenomenon of genocide .

Early years

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen was born in Boston and grew up in Newton, also in Massachusetts . 1 His wife is Sarah Williams Goldhagen, a historian of architecture and critic for the magazine The New Republic . 2 His father Erich Goldhagen was a professor at Harvard University and survivor of the Holocaust who lived in a ghetto of Romanians – Jews in Chernivtsi , now Ukraine . 1 Goldhagen refers to his father as a “model of sobriety and intellectual probity.” 3Thus, he has written that his “understanding of Nazism and the Holocaust is in great debt” with the influence of his father. 3

In 1977, Goldhagen joined Harvard University , where he remained for about twenty years as an undergraduate, graduate and later assistant professor in the Department of Social and Government Studies. 4 5 During his graduate studies, he attended a lecture by Saul Friedlander when he realized that the debate “functionalism versus intentionalism” the question of why he did not answer people had executed the order given by Hitler to annihilate the Jews. Goldhagen wanted to investigate who were the Germans who had killed the Jews and the reasons for the massacre. 1

Career

As a graduate student, Goldhagen investigated the German archives. 1 6 The thesis of Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust proposes that during the Holocaust , several murderers were ordinary Germans, who killed for having been raised in a deeply culture antisemitic and therefore were acculturated – ” Ready and willing “- to execute the genocidal plans of Nazi Germany .

The first notable publication was the review of Goldhagen “False Witness” book Why Did the Heavens Not Darken (1988) historian Arno Mayer , which was published in the magazine New Republic in 1989 . 7 Goldhagen argued that “Mayer’s huge intellectual error” is to ascribe the cause of the Holocaust to anti-communism rather than anti-Semitism . 8 also criticized the statement Mayer that most of the massacres of Jews in the Soviet Union during the first weeks of Operation Barbarossa in the summer of 1941 were committed by local, with participation of the Wehrmacht, in August and accused him to translate the facts about the Wannsee conference ( 1942 ) where the genocide of European Jews and not planned (as Mayer said) simply resettlement. 9 Goldhagen also accused Mayer of obscurantism , of suppressing historical facts, and of being an apologist for Nazi Germany , like Ernst Nolte for attempting to “de-demonize” National Socialism . 9 In 1989, Lucy Dawidowicz reviewed the same book and praised Goldhagen’s review, whom she identified as a rising Holocaust historian who formally refuted “Mayer’s [historical] counterfeiting.” 7 10

Goldhagen’s work summarizes four historical elements, analyzed separately, as presented in the books The Catholic Church and the Holocaust (2002) and Worse than War (2009): (i) description (what happened); (Ii) the explanation (why did it happen?); (Iii) moral evaluation (judgment); And (iv) prescription (what should be done?). November December According to Goldhagen, their Holocaust studies address issues, social and cultural policies particularities behind other genocides: “Who took them out?” “What have in common the mass killings, despite the temporary differences And cultural? “; For this purpose, wrote Worse that war: genocide, eliminationism and continued aggression against humanity on the global nature of genocide and avoid such crimes against humanity . 13

Works

  • Hitler’s volunteer executioners: ordinary Germans and the Holocaust . Trad. Jordi Fibla . Madrid: Taurus, 1998. ISBN 84-306-0015-9
  • The Catholic Church and the Holocaust: a pending debt . Trads. Maria Condor, Jesus Cuéllar, Pablo Hermida. Madrid: Taurus 2002. ISBN 84-306-0491-X
  • Worse than war: genocide, eliminationism and continued aggression against humanity . Madrid: Taurus, 2010. ISBN 84-306-0778-1

References

  1. ↑ Jump to:a b c d Smith, Dinita (April 1, 1996). «Challenging a View Of The Holocaust» . The New York Times . Accessed October 2, 2009 .
  2. Back to top↑ «The New Republic Masthead» . Archived from the original on November 29, 2015 . Accessed October 2, 2009 .
  3. ↑ Jump to:a b Goldhagen, Daniel (1997). Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and The Holocaust . Alfred A. Knopf. P. 616.
  4. Back to top↑ Ruber, Deborah Bradley (January 9, 1997). «Goldhagen Wins German Prize For Holocaust Book» . The Harvard University Gazette . Accessed October 2, 2009 .
  5. Back to top↑ «Daniel Jonah Goldhagen’s Website» . Accessed October 2, 2009 .
  6. Back to top↑ Carl F. Lankowski, ed. (1999). Breakdown, Breakup, Breakthrough: Germany’s Difficult Passage To Modernity . Berghahn Books, Incorporated. ISBN  978-1-57181-211-7 .
  7. ↑ Jump to:a b Guttenplan, DD (2001). The Holocaust on Trial . New York: Norton, p. 73-74.
  8. ↑ Jump to:a b Goldhagen, Daniel (April 17, 1989). False Witness. The New Republic : 40-41.
  9. ↑ Jump to:a b Goldhagen, Daniel (April 17, 1989). False Witness. The New Republic : 43-44.
  10. Back to top^ Dawidowicz, Lucy (1989). Perversions of the Holocaust. Commentary 88 (4): 58.
  11. Back to top↑ Goldhagen, Daniel (2002). A Moral Reckoning: The Role of the Catholic Church In The Holocaust and Its Unfufilled Duty of Repair . New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Pp. 5-6. ISBN  978-0-375-41434-3 .
  12. Back to top↑ Goldhagen, Daniel (2009). Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity . New York: Public Affairs. P. 32. ISBN  978-1-58648-769-0 .
  13. Back to top↑ Goldhagen, Daniel (2009). Worse Than War: Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing Assault on Humanity . New York: Public Affairs. P. 631. ISBN  978-1-58648-769-0 .