Category «Nazi Eugenics»

Götz Aly

Win the world’s biggest jackpot Götz Aly Haydar ( Heidelberg , May 3, 1947) is a specialist in political science , historian and journalist German . His research interests include euthanasia , the Holocaust , the economic policy of the dictatorship Nazi and anti – Semitism of centuries XIX and XX . Life He is …

Elisabeth Volkenrath

Elisabeth Volkenrath ( Świerzawa , Germany , 5 of September of 1919 – Hamelin , 13 of December of 1945 ) was an oversight of the SS Nazi . She was prominent in several concentration camps of the Third Reich during the Holocaust in World War II . Biography Volkenrath trained under the supervision of …

Alice Orlowski

Alice Orlowski (September 30, 1903 – 1976) 1 was a German guardian of several concentration camps Nazis in occupied Poland during World War II . War period Born as Alice Minna Elisabeth Elling in Berlin in 1903, she began her training as a guardian of the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany in 1941. In October …

Hans Möser

Hans Karl Möser or Hans Moeser ( Darmstadt , 7 of April of 1906 – Landsberg prison , 26 of November of 1948 ) was a German officer in the SS Nazis in the concentration camps of Neuengamme , Auschwitz and Mittelbau-Dora during the Second World War World (1939-1945). It reached the rank of SS-Obersturmführer …

María Mandel

Maria Mandel ( Münzkirchen , Austria , October to January of 1912 – Krakow , Poland , 24 of January of 1948 ) was a female guard of the Nazi SS high rank in the death camp of Auschwitz ( Poland ). She was responsible for the death of approximately 500,000 civilian women, including Jews …

Johanna Langefeld

Johanna Langefeld ( Essen , Germany , 5 of March of 1900 – Augsburg , Germany , 26 of January of 1974 ) was a female guard in concentration camps Nazis who actively participated in the Holocaust . Youth Born in Kupferdreh (now Essen , Germany ), Johanna Langefeld grew up in a nationalist and …

Josef Kramer

Josef Kramer ( Munich , October of November of 1906 – Hamelin , 13 of December of 1945 ) was an officer in the SS during World War II . He was commander of the concentration camp of Struthof-Natzweiler , Birkenau and Bergen-Belsen , being involved in the Holocaust Jewish . Biography Activity in concentration …

Irma Grese

Ilse Ida Irma Grese ( Wrechen , 7 of October of 1923 – Hamelin , 13 of December of 1945 ) was a supervising prisoners in the concentration camps of Auschwitz-Birkenau , Bergen-Belsen and Ravensbruck during World War II . Nicknamed “The beautiful beast” , “The cancerbera” , “Angel of Death” (moniker also coined the …

Herta Ehlert

Herta Ehlert ( Berlin , 26 of March of 1905 – 4 of April of 1997 ) was an SS Aufseherin (guard) in several Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust in World War II . Ehlert was born with the name Hertha Liess in Berlin . Later, he married and used the name of Herta …

Juana Bormann

Juana Bormann or Johanna Borman ( Birkenfelde , Germany , October to September of 1893 – Hamelin , 13 of December of 1945 ) was a “supervisor prison” of the SS in the concentration camps Nazi , who was sentenced and executed for crimes against Humanity at the Bergen-Belsen Trial in late 1945 . He …

Annex: Auschwitz concentration camp personnel

After the war, the Soviet and Polish authorities opened trials to the chief executives, officers, non-commissioned officers and troops who had led and participated in the extermination operations of the Auschwitz concentration camp. Among the main members of the SS who worked at the slaughter center were: Commanders SS Hauptsturmführer Karl Fritzsch (Killed in combat) …

Ludwig Soswinski

Soswinski Ludwig ( Vienna , 15 of January of 1905 – 9 of February of 1997 ) was a member of the resistance against Nazism , jurist, communist prisoner in several Nazi concentration camps . After the fall of the Third Reich , he worked as a staff member in several National Socialist victims’ organizations …

Roza Robota

Roza Robota (1921, Ciechanów – June 6, 1945) 1 or Róża Robota in Polish , 2 mentioned in other sources as Rojza, Rozia or Rosa, was the leader of a group of four women who resisted the Holocaust and were hung in the The extermination camp of Auschwitz for its role in the revolt of …

Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum

The State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau (Polish: Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau) is a monument of German War Crimes in Poland in Oświęcim and encompasses the two concentration camps Auschwitz I and Auschwitz-Birkenau . Homicides and camps are made during the Second World War . The museum also has several other functions, for example, research about the Holocaust …

Józef Kowalski

Józef Kowalski (March 13, 1911 – July 4 , 1942) was a priest Catholic Polish , of the Salesian Society murdered in the concentration camp at Auschwitz during World War II. 1 He was beatified in Warsaw on 13 June 1999. Biography He was born in Siedliska ( Poland partitioned ) on March 13, 1911, …

Vrba-Wetzler report

The Vrba-Wetzler report , also known as the Auschwitz Protocol , and the book of Auschwitz , is a 32 – page document about the concentration camp of Auschwitz in Poland occupied during the Holocaust . It was written by hand and in Slovak , dictated between 25 and 27 April 1944 by Rudolf Vrba …

Helene Fournier

Hélène Fournier , with maiden name Hélène Pellault, was born on December 23, 1904 to Cussay in Indre-et – Loire (France) and died on March 29, 1994. It is an important character in the endurance of Indre-et – Loire, where it plays a role It helps active clandestine passages of the demarcation line separating two …

Ala Gertner

Ala Gertner (March 12, 1912 – January 5, 1945), mentioned in other sources as Alla, Alina, Ella, and Ela Gertner, was one of four women executed by hanging in the Auschwitz extermination camp for his Participation in the revolt of the Sonderkommandos the 7 of October of 1944. Biography Gertner was born in Będzin , …

Richard Fall

Richard Fall ( Jevicko , 3 of April of 1882 – Auschwitz , mid-January of 1945 ) 1 was a conductor and composer Czech Austrian operetta, of Jewish descent . Life Richard Fall was born in the village of Jevíčko (renamed Gewitsch in German), 16 km north of the town of Boskovice , in the …

Brzezinka

Brzezinka (German Birkenau ) is a village in Poland , located about 3 kilometers from Oswiecim . General Information Village located in the region of Malopolska in Poland, gmina of Oswiecim ( Auschwitz ), at the confluence of the rivers Vistula and Soła in central Vistula Valley, 240 meters above sea level. By the time …

Auschwitz Monowitz

Auschwitz Monowitz (also known as Monowice or Auschwitz III) was a sub -concentration camp or one of the three concentration camps of Auschwitz , created in Nazi Germany . It was established in 1942, in Poland . Auschwitz as sub concentration camp Monowitz was primarily a forced labor camp , albeit with a high degree …

Album of Auschwitz

The Auschwitz Album is an exceptional photographic collection of the Holocaust that occurred during World War II . These are photos taken in a death camp Nazi located in Oswiecim , Poland . It is the only pictorial evidence of the extermination process from inside the concentration camp Auschwitz Birkenau. The pictures were mostly taken …

Henri Abraham

Azariah Henri Abraham (Paris, December of July of 1868 , concentration camp Auschwitz , ca. December to December of 1943 ) 1 was a physicist French , professor of Normal School and the University of Paris played an important role as Scientist at the dawn of radioelectricity and electromagnetism . Biography Abraham studied from 1886 …

Auschwitz

The concentration camp of Auschwitz (in German , “Konzentrationslager Auschwitz”) was a complex formed by diverse concentration and extermination camps of the Nazi Germany located in the Polish territories occupied during the Second World War . I comprised Auschwitz I -the original- camp, Auschwitz II-Birkenau – of concentration and extermination, Auschwitz III-Monowitz -Campo work for …

Wiesenthal Viennese Institute for Holocaust Studies

The Viennese Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies (in German , Wiener Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust-Studien , in English , Vienna Wiesenthal Institute ; VWI ) is a research center dedicated to research, documentation and mediation of all The questions concerning anti-Semitism, racism and holocaust including its previous history and its consequences. The institute was founded …

Irving v. Lipstadt and others

For Irving v Penguin Books Ltd was a trial for defamation which took place from a lawsuit filed by British writer David Irving in 1996 against the American academic Deborah Lipstadt before the courts of the United Kingdombetween January and April 2000. It was delivered judgment on 11 April 2000. The case became famous because …

Soap made from human corpses

During World War II, it was alleged that some scientists from Nazi Germany would have experimented with soap made from human corpses . It is accepted that only a small production was carried out, the most notable participation being that of Professor Rudolf Spanner . Although it is believed that there were some research attempts, …

Jews in Nazi Germany

Nazi racial politics evolved between 1932 and 1938 . The Nazi Party became increasingly radical in their views on the treatment of minorities in Germany , especially towards Jews. The basis of Nazi thought was the Volksgemeinschaft (the popular community), which would be the backbone of the future German society. The nation was then divided …

Righteous Among the Nations

Righteous Among the Nations (in Hebrew : דידי אומות העולם, transcribed as Jasidei Umot Ha-Olam ) is an expression of Judaism used to refer traditionally to all those people of non-Jewish or foreign confession, whom it also calls gentiles or noáidas , that deserve consideration and respect for moral behavior observe a chord with the …

Kapo

Kapo was a term used for certain prisoners who worked in the concentration camps Nazis during World War II in several lower administrative positions. Etymology The origin of the word can be in the French term for caporal , the Spanish “cabo” or the Italian capo . According to the dictionary Duden , it is …

Beate Klarsfeld

Beate Klarsfeld Auguste (February 13, 1939, Berlin ) birth name Beate Auguste Künzel , is a famous ‘hunter’ of war criminals Nazis who escaped after World War II . Together with her husband, Serge Klarsfeld , she carried out numerous campaigns of search, harassment, slander and denunciation against ex-Nazis who had not been convicted of …

Hans Krása

Hans Krasa ( Prague , 30 November as as 1899 – Auschwitz-Birkenau , 17 October as as 1944 ) was a Czech-German composer. Biography and work His father, a lawyer, came from a Czech family; His mother was of German origin. Hans Krása studied violin and piano and also Composition in Prague, the latter with …

Rutka Laskier

Rutka (Ruth) Laskier ( 1929 – 1943 ) was a Jewish teenager who was born in the Free City of Danzig (now Polish city of Gdansk ), then predonminante of germanohablantes, where his father was an officer in banking. In the 1930s he moved with his family to the ghetto Jew in the Polish city …

Raphael Lemkin

Raphael Lemkin ( Bezwodne , Russian Empire , June 24, 1900 – New York , August 28, 1959) was a Polish lawyer of Jewish family who coined the term genocide and was the main driver for it to be recognized as a crime by international law . The term genocide was first defined in his …

Holocaust in Latvia

The Holocaust in Latvia refers to the crimes committed by the Nazis and their collaborators during the Occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany . The German offensive The German army crossed the Soviet border on the morning of June 22, 1941, on several fronts that were distributed from Hungary to the Baltic Sea . The …

Surveys in the Jewish ghettos

Armed uprisings in the ghettos were riots organized by Jews and other groups imprisoned in ghettos Nazis during World War II against plans to deport people to the concentration camps and extermination . Some of these uprisings were massive and organized, while others were small and spontaneous. The best known and greatest of all these …

The sunken and the rescued

The sunken and the saved is a book of essays by the Italian author Primo Levi . Written in 1986 is the author’s latest work. It is an analysis of the universe of concentration camps, reflecting on his experience assurvivor of the Holocaust in the concentration camp of Auschwitz and relatingto similar experiences in recent …

Jean-Marie Lustiger

Jean-Marie Lustiger ( Paris , 17 of September of 1926 – ibid , 5 of August of 2007 ) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church of origin Jew born with the name Aaron. Archbishop Emeritus of Paris. Biography He was the son of Polish Jews, who at the beginning of the 20th century emigrated …

Gustav Meinertz

Gustav Meinertz ( Berlin , 21 August as as 1873 – Cologne , November as September as 1959 ) was a Catholic priest. He was ordained priest in the Cathedral of Cologne in 1897. Expert in the Holy Land. The salvation of the Torah During the burning of synagogues in November 1938 by the Nazis …

Mittelwerk

The company Mittelwerk GmbH , was the name of a company dedicated to the production of flying bombs V1 and V2 rockets . After the start of the Allied bombing of Germany , its facilities were relocated to the mountain of Kohnstein , 1 which is 3 km away from Nordhausen , Germany . 2 …

Muselmann

Muselmann (pl. Muselmänner in German Muslim ) was a derogatory term used among the captives of the Nazi concentration camps of World War II to refer to those suffering from a combination of emaciation by hunger (also known as “disease Hunger “) and exhaustion, so that they are resigned to their impending death. 1 Prisoners …

Holocaust Museum (Washington DC)

The US Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) is the ‘official memorial’ in which all the victims and survivors is commemorated Holocaust US It is adjacent to the National Mall in Washington, DC . The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) is dedicated to helping world leaders and citizens overcome hate, prevent genocide , promote human dignity, …

Nazism

Nazism is a contraction of the word German Nationalsozialismus , which means national socialism , and refers to everything related to the ideology and the regime that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945 with the coming to power of the National Socialist German Workers ‘ Party of Adolf Hitler (NSDAP) , The self-proclaimed Third Reich …

The night (book)

The night is an autobiographical novel written by Elie Wiesel about his experience asteenager Jewish orthodox in concentration camps of Auschwitz , Buna and Buchenwald during World War II and the Holocaust . 1 2 3 4 Wiesel was sixteen when Buchenwald was liberated on April 11, 1945 by troops allied . 5 After a …

Night of the Broken Glass

The Kristallnacht (in German : Kristallnacht or Novemberpogrome ) was a series of lynchings and blended attacks that occurred in Nazi Germany (comprising Austria also) during the night of 9 with October of November of 1938 and carried out against Jewish citizens By the assault troops of the SA together with the civilian population, while …

Operation Garibaldi

Garibaldi operation was an act of intelligence of the Israeli secret service, Mossad , held in San Fernando ( Argentina ) in May of 1960 . This consisted in locating, identifying, kidnapping and illegal transfer Israel fugitive chief Nazi Adolf Eichmann . Identification of the objective Eichmann arrived in Argentina in the early 1950s . …

Order of Commissioners

The Order of Commissioners ( Der Kommissarbefehl ) was a mandatory executive directive handed over to the Wehrmacht high commanders directed against the Soviet political commissars emanated directly from Hitler , prior to Operation Barbarossa during World War II . Background The 24 of maypole of 1941 , Hitler and OKW led by Marshal Wilhelm …

Persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany

The persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany was based mainly on the premise that homosexuality was incompatible with National Socialist ideology because homosexuals did not reproduce and therefore did not perpetuate the Aryan race . Homosexuality was one of the proofs of racial degeneration which, moreover, was transmitted by vice from one individual to another; …

Ernesto Pinto-Bazurco

Ernesto Pinto-Bazurco Mayor (n Bellavista , Callao , September 28 , 1913 ) Peruvian doctor. During the Second World War he was responsible for defending the interests of Peruvian citizens in Munich , Germany by delegation from the consulate of Switzerland . During that assignment, he issued visas that allowed some Jewish families to leave …

General Plan of the East

The General Plan East (in German Generalplan Ost , GPO ) plan was a secret Nazi of genocide 1 and ethnic cleansing , designed to be carried out in the occupied territories Germany in Eastern Europe during World War II . The plan, developed in the years 1939-1940, was part of the own plan of …

Plan Madagascar

The Madagascar plan was a project conceived by some of the leaders of Nazi Germany to deport the Jews Europeans to the island of Madagascar . Although ignored if you ever really thought about it effective, commissions were set up to study the plan, and for several years was head of the racial policies of …

Spanish

Roma genocide or porraimos (in Roma , Porrajmos literally “devouring”) 1 are the names given to the attempts of Nazi Germany and Austria Nazi to exterminate most people Gypsies of Europe , as part of the Holocaust during the Second World War World . The issue has been very little studied and has been darkened …

German brothels in World War II

During World War II the Nazi Germany established brothels in the concentration camps ( Lagerbordell ) to create an incentive for collaboration prisoners, however these facilities were mostly used by the kapos , prisoners officials and criminal elements, as The real inmates, were very weak or very cautious to the schemes of the SS. As …

Protests Rosenstrasse

The protests Rosenstrasse were a series of demonstrations nonviolent in the Rosenstrasse street of Berlin between February and March 1943, conducted by wives of origin is not Jewish (considered by the Nazis as ” Aryan race “) of Jewish men who They were in the jail of that street waiting for the deportation. The protest, …

Risiera di San Sabba

The Risiera di San Sabba (the Italian , the San Sabba rice dishes of ) is considered the only concentration camp nazi located in the Kingdom of Italy . History The “Risiera di San Sabba” is a set of industrial buildings in the neighborhood of San Sabba , on the outskirts of the city Italian …

Schutzmannschaft

The schutzmannschaft (translatable into Spanish as “Detachment protection”, abbreviated Shuma in German), one initially called Hilfspolizei (HiPo), were a battalion of auxiliary police formed by collaborationist troops from the countries occupied by the Germans during World War II and Under the German military administration. 1 They were created to reinforce German occupational forces fighting local …

Schutzstaffel

The Schutzstaffel ( [ʃʊtsˌʃtafəl] ; ‘defense squads’, ‘Defence Companies’ or ‘Squads Protection’), better known as the SS was an organization military , police , politics , prison and security of Nazi Germany . History The SS were established in 1925 as personal guard of the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler . Under the mandate of Heinrich …

if this is a Man

If This Is a Man (in Italian original, I was questo è un uomo ) is a story written by Primo Levi between December 1945 and January 1947 , in which the daily experience of the author, ancestry has Jewish , while captivity in the death camp Nazi of Auschwitz during World War II . …

Sicherheitsdienst

The Sicherheitsdienst (in Spanish : Security Service ), whose full name was Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS ( SD ), was the intelligence service of the SS . This was the first intelligence organization that was created in the Nazi party and was considered as a “sister organization” of the Gestapo . Between 1933 and 1939 , …

Karl Silberbauer

Karl Josef Silberbauer ( Vienna , Austria , 21 of June of 1911 – 2 of September of 1972 ) was the warrant officer with the rank of SS Oberscharführer ( Sergeant ) the Sicherheitsdienst (SD, Security Service Nazi ) in the Netherlands who arrested Anne Frank And his family in 1944 . Police career …

Final solution

The final solution , also known in Nazi terminology as “final solution of the Jewish question” (in German , Endlösung der Judenfrage ), 1 is the name of the plan of the Nazis to carry out the genocide systematic of the Jewish population European in The Second World War . 2 Only after the war …

Sonderkommando

The Sonderkommando (literally “commandos”) were working units during Nazi Germany that were formed by prisoners Jews and non – Jews, selected to work in the gas chambers and thecrematoria in concentration camps Nazis during the Second World War . The Einsatzgruppen had their own Sonderkommandos battalions for “special assignments” . The people assigned to a …

Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas

Luis Martins de Souza Dantas (n in. 1876 -. F in 1954 ) was a diplomat Brazilian who was honored as Righteous Among the Nations by the Israeli Supreme Court in June 2003 in his participation during the Holocaust Jewish . It is estimated that about 800 people, among these 475 Jews, escaped from France. …

Edith Stein

Edith Stein , then Santa Teresa Benedicta of the Cross OCD ( Wroclaw , German Empire , December of October of 1891 – Auschwitz , 9 of August of 1942 ) was a philosopher, mystic, religious Carmelite , martyr and saint German of origin Jew . She is one of the Patterns of Europe . …

Ceija Stojka

Ceija Stojka ( Steiermark , Austria , 23 of March of 1933 – 28 of January of 2013 ) 1 was an Austrian ethnic Roma , writer, painter and music, survivor of the Holocaust Nazi. Belonging to the Gypsy ethnic group called Lovari , fifth of six children, sister of Karl Stojka and Mongo Stojka …

Annex: Holocaust Survivors

This list gives account of those survivors of the Nazi genocide in Europe who have, for various reasons, achieved public notoriety. They all lived at least in parts of Europe occupied by the Axis Powers during World War II and survived until the end of the Holocaust and the war (most survived their imprisonment in …

Władysław Szpilman

Władysław “Władek” Szpilman ( Sosnowiec , Poland 5 as December as 1911 – Warsaw , Poland 6 as July as 2000 ) was a pianist Polish composer , memoirist and surviving Jew the Holocaust during World War II . Szpilman was honored by the government of Poland . Youth and studies Władysław Szpilman was born …

Topf und Sohne

JA Topf and Sons (in German , JA Topf and Sons ) was an engineering German who designed and built the incineration furnaces ( crematoria ) used by the Nazis in the concentration camps and extermination during the Holocaust , including Auschwitz-Birkenau , Buchenwald , Belzec , Dachau , Mauthausen and Gusen . In total, …

Madeleine Truel Larrabure

Pauline Blanche Madeleine Truel Larrabure ( Lima , 28 of August of 1904 – Oranienburg , 3 of maypole of 1945 ) was a Peruvian of French descent, who fought for the French Resistance against the abuses of the Nazi army . He died in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1945. He wrote the book …

Viktor Ullmann

Viktor Ullmann ( Cieszyn , then Austro – Hungarian Empire (now in Poland ); 1 as January as 1898 – Auschwitz , 18 as October as 1944 ) was a pianist and composer. Biography Childhood and youth He was born in the region of Silesia , the Austro – Hungarian Empire. His parents, both of …

Valley of Death (Poland)

The Death Valley (in Polish , Dolina Śmierci ) is a small valley in Poland located in Fordon, Bydgoszcz , north of the country. It is a site dedicated to mass murder by Nazi Germany as well as a mass grave of between 5,000 and 6,600 Poles and Jews murdered between October and November 1939 …

Vergangenheitsbewältigung

Vergangenheitsbewältigung is a compound word in German describing the review processes of the past and that can be translated as “coping with the past”, “make peace with the past” or “struggle to come to terms with the past.” There is another German term, Geschichtsaufarbeitung , which literally means “processing of history” and describes the same …

Ludwig Vollrath

Ludwig Vollrath ( 24 as April as 1887 -?) Was a doctor and military German Nazi . Participation in World War II He was in charge of the General Intendance of the German doctors, who worked during the Second World War with the doctor Josef Mengele . For good performance in work medicine , and …

Rudolf Vrba

Rudolf “Rudi” Vrba (11 September 1924 – 27 March 2006) escaped from the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland , under Nazi occupation on 10 April 1944, at the height of the Holocaust , and co-wrote a A report containing the most detailed available information at the time on the mass murder that took place inside …

Attachment: Victims of Nazism

This is a list of the victims of Nazism who have come to be known for their achievements. This list includes people conicited by the public who, because of their ethnic origin, political or religious beliefs, or their sexual orientation, lost their lives as a result of Nazism. This list includes those who muriwron as …

Raoul Wallenberg

Raoul Gustav Wallenberg ( 4 of August of 1912 – 16 of July of 1947 ) was a diplomat Swedish member of a prestigious and influential family ( Wallenberg family ). In the latter stages of World War II , he worked untiringly and ran great risks to save thousands of Jewish Hungarians the Holocaust …

Yad Vashem

Yad Vashem ( in Hebrew , יָד וָשֵׁם ) is the official institution Israeli constituted in memory of the victims of the Holocaust perpetrated by the Nazis against the Jews during World War II . The site is located in the Jerusalem Forest , on the western slope of Mount Herzl (“Monte del Recuerdo”), which …

Yom HaShoah

Yom Hashoah ( Hebrew : יום השואה yom hash-sho’āh), or Holocaust Remembrance Day ; Happens on the 27th day of Nisan of the Hebrew Calendar . This day is remembered annually as a day of remembrance for the victims of the Holocaust , being holiday national in Israel . Originally proposed for this commemoration day …

Zyklon B

Zyklon B was the trademark of a brand pesticide based on cyanide . It was manufactured by the company IG Farben , which was the union of the pharmaceutical Bayer and two other German companies. Also known as Cyclon B , it consisted of hydrocyanic acid ( prussic acid ) along with a stabilizer and …

Westerbork

Westerbork (in Dutch: Kamp Westerbork , German: Durchgangslager Westerbork ) was a transit camp and German internment located in Hooghalen, in the northeast of the Netherlands , controlled by the Third Reich to concentrate the population gypsy and Jewish during World War II . On November 28, 2013, the “Westerbork camp” was awarded one of …

Sonderkommando 1005

” Sonderkommando 1005 ” (or “Sonderkommando 1005” in Castilian) was a special military unit organized by the SS Nazis , with the specific mission to make disappear the bodies of thousands of people previously killed in Poland and Russia during the early years of Holocaust Jew in World War II . This unit was created …

Nakam

Nakam ( Dam Yehudi Nakam , “Jewish blood will be avenged”) was an extremist organization Jewish , founded by Abba Kovner in 1945 , whose primary objective was to avenge the Holocaust . The most notable action was an attack on 14 of April of 1946 to prison Langwasser of Nurenberg . They were poisoned …

UN Holocaust Memorial

On January 27, 2005 the General Assembly of the UN held a special assignment reminder of the liberation of the concentration camp of Auschwitz on 27 January of of 1945 . This was the first time the international organization made this reminder in order to prevent future organized genocide. And frame on 27 January as …

Memorbuch

A Memorabuch or Book of Memory is a book intended to preserve the memory of the Jewish martyrs of an Ashkenazi community . In it was named each victim and the Kehilá to which he belonged. 2 3 Upon arriving crusaders to Jerusalem in 1099, they annihilated the Jewish community had been restored there after …

Nora Levin

Nora Levin ( 1916 – 26 as October as 1989 ) was a writer and historian of the Holocaust . He worked as a professor of history of Gratz College in Philadelphia , the director of the Oral History Archive Holocaust and worked on the Advisory Editorial Board of “Occasional Papers on religion in Eastern …

Serge Klarsfeld

Serge Klarsfeld ( 17 of September of 1935 , Bucharest , Romania ) is a writer , historian and lawyer French , Romanian origin, husband of Beate Klarsfeld . He has also been active in support of the fight against anti – Semitism and war criminals Nazis . Source Jewish , his family moved to …

Judenfrei

Judenfrei (in German , “free of Jews”) was a term used in Nazi Germany to designate an area free of Jewish presence during the Holocaust . 1 While Judenfrei referred merely to an area free from the presence of Jewish citizens, the term Judenrein (literally, “clean of Jews”) was also used occasionally. This term had …

International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims

The International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC) was a commission created in August 1998 to identify, resolve and redress individual insurance claims for Holocaust survivors during the Second World War , Without costs to the claimant. On March 31, 2004, ICHEIC finished accepting new applications, retaining its Internet site only as a historical …

Yellow badge

The yellow badge or yellow star is a piece of cloth designed segregationist and discriminatory purposes. 2 Between 1941 and 1945 he presented the appearance of star of David on a yellow background with the word Jude ( “Jew”) in Germany Nazi or Juif in the collaborationist Vichy France or Jood in the Netherlands occupied …

Holocaust in Serbia

The Holocaust in Serbia took place at the beginning of the implementation of the “final solution of the Jewish problem” in 1941. 1 It happened when they had not yet put into operation the concentration camps and massacres are still made by firing squad victims , But soon gave way to death by gas. 1 …

Holocaust in Romania

The Holocaust in Romania included the extermination of a notable proportion of its Jewish and Gypsy minorities during the dictatorship of Marshal Ion Antonescu in World War II . Of the one hundred and fifty thousand deported to Transnistria, only fifty thousand survived. 1 In addition, another 100,000 natives of Transnistria died during the period …

Holocaust in Odessa

The Holocaust in Odessa consisted of the extermination of the Jews of the city and of the nearby towns of Transnistria during the fall of 1941 and until the winter of 1942 in a series of murders and massacres during the holocaust committed by Romanian and German troops. Depending on the context, it can refer …

Karl Heinz Hoffman

Karl Heinz Hoffman . Born October as August as 1913 in Dusseldorf , Germany . Lawyer and SS Sturmbannführer ( Major ) of the SS Nazi, editor of the infamous order or decree ” Nacht und Nebel ” (Night and Fog) giving a legal tice to the forced disappearance of persons in the Second World …

History of children in the Holocaust

The children were especially vulnerable during the time of the Holocaust . The Nazis advocated infanticide of children belonging to groups called “undesirable” or labeled “dangerous” according to their ideology, whether part of their ” ethnic cleansing” program or as a preventive security measure. The Germans and their allies murdered children protected by such ideological …

Heinz Alt

Heinz Alt ( 1922 – Dachau , 6 as January as 1945 ) was a composer German and a victim of the Nazi regime. Biography Few data are known from Heinz Alt, who worked as a composer in the Theresienstadt concentration camp , along with Viktor Ullmann , Gideon Klein , Pavel Haas , Hans …

Pavel Haas

Pavel Haas ( Brno , 21 as June as 1899 – Auschwitz , 17 as October as 1944 ) was a Czech composer who perished in the Holocaust . One of the most outstanding exponents of the composition school of Leoš Janáček , he used folk and jazz elements. His work is reduced but important, …

Shanghai Ghetto

The Shanghai ghetto , officially known as the “Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees”, was an area of ​​approximately one square mile in Hongoku district in Shanghai during the occupation of the Japanese , where about 20,000 Jewish refugees , 1 who had fled Nazi Germany , Austria , Czechoslovakia , Hungary , Romania , Poland …

Hanneli Goslar

Hannah Elisabeth ‘Hanneli’ Goslar ( Berlin , Republic of Weimar , 12 November 1928) is the eldest daughter of Hans Goslar and Ruth Judith Klee. 1 who were Jews . In 1933, after the election of Adolf Hitler and the rise of the Nazi Party to the Chancellery of the Reich, Hans Goslar was forced …

Governorate of Transnistria

The Transnistria Governorate ( Romanian : Guvernământul Transnistriei) was a territory administered by Romania , conquered of the Soviet Union by the Axis Powers in World War II , during Operation Barbarossa and that was occupied militarily from the 19 of August of 1941 until The 29 of January of 1944 . Adolf Hitler persuaded …

Shoah Foundation

The USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education , before Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation is a nonprofit organization created by Steven Spielberg in 1994 , a year after finishing winning film Schindler’s List . The original objective of the Foundation is to record and preserve testimonies of survivors and other …

Radegast station

The station Radegast was an old train station located in Lodz , Poland , which was built during World War II . The station is located near the Ghetto of Lodz , place from which thousands of Jews and other towns of the city were deportees to the concentration camps of Kulmhof and Auschwitz . …

Encyclopedia of the Holocaust

The Holocaust Encyclopedia was published in 1990 , in editions in English and Hebrew by Yad Vashem (יד ושם), the Israeli Authority in Memory of the Holocaust. The Encyclopedia includes hundreds of entries with illustrations, maps and bibliographical references to deepen the reading. Both editions have a glossary of terms. The index of the Hebrew …

Elena from Greece

Elena Greece ( Athens , 2 of maypole of 1896 – Lausanne , 28 of November of 1982 ) was a princess of Greece and Denmark , and Crown Princess of Romania marriage. She received the title of queen mother during the mandate of her son Miguel. Biography Family Elena was born in Athens in …

Speech by Posen

It is called Posen speech to a historic proclamation of Heinrich Himmler , leader of Nazi Germany , given to a select audience of 60 Gauleiter and Reichsleiter , entrepreneurs and senior civil and military officers of the SS in the Castle of Posen , on October 6 Of 1943 . The purpose of this …

Danuta Czech

Danuta Czech ( Humnicki , Brzozów , * 1922 – † 4 as April as 2004 ) was a Polish author. Biography In 1939 finished its studies in the institute St. Kinga of Tarnów . In 1941 he studied high school in the High School Handels. Later, from 1946 to 1952, he studied at the …

Ida Cook

Mary Burchell ( 1904 in Sunderland , England – November to December of 1985 ) was awarded with her sister Mary Louise Cook ( 1901 – 1991 ) in recognition of Righteous Among the Nations for his work to save European Jews. 1 Ida Cook, funded her refugee aid thanks to her work as a …

Wannsee Conference

The Wannsee conference was the meeting of a group of civilian, police and military representatives of the government of Nazi Germany on the ” final solution of the Jewish question ” ( Endlösung der Judenfrage ). The agreements reached led to the Holocaust . 1 The conference was held on 20 of January of 1942 …

Emergency Committee for Displaced Foreign Academics

The Emergency Committee for Displaced Foreign Scholars , (1933-1941), aided academics who had been banned from teaching, persecuted, and threatened with imprisonment by the Nazis. The Institute of International Education (IIE) has appointed Edward R. Murrow to lead the effort. In the first two years of the committee’s existence, Murrow received requests for help from …

Chalet Bouchina

Villa Bouchina was a house of detention in the Dutch city of Doetinchem where the Germans kept 9 people Jewish during World War II , with the sense to protect those ‘prisoners’. The interned people had gotten some importance in the Netherlands and Germany before the war, and hence the German helped them survive a …

Montreal Holocaust Memorial Center

The Montreal Holocaust Memorial Center / Mémorial commemoratif de l’Holocauste à Montréal (MHMC) was founded in 1979 by a group of Holocaust survivors dedicated to Steven Cummings. The MHMC contains the center and a museum. This institution offers the opportunity, the survivors of the holocaust, to tell their experiences to future generations. In addition to …

Cazanazis

A cazanazis is an individual who is dedicated to follow and collect information on former Nazis and members of the extinct SS who were involved in the Nazi Holocaust , so they can send them to trial for war crimes and against humanity . In the context of the Cold War , after the Second …

Amersfoort Police Transit Camp

With the official name of “Amersfoort Transit Police Field” (in German Polizeiliches Durchgangslager Amersfoort , PDA), was created for the temporary detention of Dutch opponents to Nazism and operated with a similar system to Dachau ( Germany ), reason why the deaths They were produced by torture, hunger and overcrowding at the hands of the …

Drancy Internment Camp

Between August 1941 and August 1944 , the internment camp of Drancy or Drancy camp was the focus of anti – Semitic policy of deportation from France. Located northeast of Paris , in the town of Drancy (then pertaining to the department of Seine and today of Seine-Saint-Denis ), this field was for three years …

Concentration camp

A concentration camp , or internment camp , is a center of detention or confinement where it imprisons people for belonging to a generic collective rather than individual acts without trial prior or judicial guarantees , although there may be a legal cover Integrated into a system of political repression . They are often used …

Gas chamber

The gas chamber is an execution method applied to humans and / or animals, consisting of a sealed chamber where introduced poison gas or asphyxiating. It is known to be the instrument used to concretize the so-called final solution during Nazism in the extermination camps during World War II . It is also a method …

Brundibár

Brundibár , opera child into two acts with music by Hans Krasa and libretto in Czech of Adolf Hoffmeister . Later it was adapted like children’s book, with drawings of Maurice Sendak and text of Tony Kushner . History of its origins Hans Krása composed this opera (whose title means “The bumblebee”) in 1938, based …

Bibelforscher

Bibelforscher (in German , literally ” Bible Students “) is an ambiguous term used to refer mostly to Zeugen Jehovas (literally ” Jehovah ‘s Witnesses “) during its first years of religious activity as an organization in the nineteenth century before Of its First Schism, and it is also used to refer to Christians who …

Berihah

Berihah (in Spanish : Escape ) was the organized effort that aided the escape of the Jews after the Jewish Holocaust in Europe to Palestine . Training In late 1944 and early 1945 , the Jewish members of the Polish resistance and fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto gathered in Lubin to form the Berihah as …

Babi Yar

Babi Yar (Бабий Яр, in Russian ; Бабин Яр, Babin Yar , in Ukrainian ) is a ravine on the outskirts of Kiev , capital of Ukraine , which was used by the Nazis to perpetrate a series ofmassacres during his campaign against the Union Soviet , in World War II . The first and …

Austrian Holocaust Memorial Award

The Austrian Holocaust Memorial Award (AHMA) was created in 2006 by the organization Austrian Service Abroad . This award is given annually to a person who has made special efforts with regard to the memory of the Shoah ( Holocaust ). Since 1992 young Austrian lend the Austrian Holocaust Memorial Service in Germany , Argentina …

Jewish Archive

The Judaic File is the name given to the set of documents prepared and classified during the Franco dictatorship in Spain by civil governors at the request of the General Security Directorate , for its associates and partners all Jews , Spanish or not, residents in the country, in order to have controlled source Jews …

Amical de Mauthausen

Amical de Mauthausen is an association founded in 1962 in Barcelona in the underground by former deportees (among others Joan Pagès, Amadeu López Arias or Joaquim Amat-Piniella ) with the objective of defending the moral and material rights of the approximately 10,000 Spaniards deported to the Concentration camps of the Third Reich and their families, …

Aktion Erntefest

The Aktion Erntefest is the codename of the operation nazi November 1943 extermination of all Jews still surviving in the district of Lublin , inside the occupied Poland . Development The operation “Erntefest” began on November 3 , 1943 . 1 2 The timing of the operation was apparently established in response to attempts by …

Haavara Agreement

The Haavara Agreement (in Hebrew , הסכם העברה, transliterated as “heskem Haavara” and translatable literally as “transfer agreement”) was signed on 25 of August of 1933 , after three months of talks, the Zionist Federation of Germany ( die Zionistische Vereinigung für Deutschland ), the Leumi Bank (under the orders of the Jewish Agency for …

History of Jews during World War II

The period of World War II was one of the most tragic periods in the history of the Jewish people . Europe occupied by the Germans During World War II, almost all European companies of Jewish entrepreneurs succumbed under the financial pressure and the decrease of profits, in many cases their owners were forced to …

Holocaust

In history , it is identified with the name of Holocaust also known in Hebrew as השואה, Shoah , translated as “The Catastrophe” – what technically is also known, according tothe terminology Nazi , as ” final solution ” -in German , Endlösung – of the ‘Jewish question’, 1 ie the genocide in which about …

Gustaf Retzius

Magnus Gustaf Retzius ( Stockholm , 17 of October 1842 – † 21 of July 1919 ., Ibid) was a botanist , physician and anatomist Swede , who devoted much of his life to investigating the histology of organs and nervous system . Biography Aboriginal Stockholm , son of the anatomist Anders Retzius (and grandson …

Nordicism

The Nordicism or Nordic theory was a thesis racial in vogue in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century . He took advantage of the model of classical anthropology common to his time, according to which the European peoples were divided into three subramas of the Caucasian race : the Nordic , the Alpine …

Joseph Deniker

Joseph Deniker ( Astrakhan , March 6, 1852 – Paris , March 18, 1918) was a naturalist and anthropologist French , best known for his attempts to develop highly detailed maps of the races of Europe. Biography Deniker, of Gaelic parents, was born in 1852 in Astrakhan , Russia . He studied at the State …

Wolfram Sievers

Wolfram von Sievers ( Hildesheim , October as July as 1905 – Landsberg am Lech , 2 as June as 1948 ) was an official German member of the Nazi party . He served as administrative director of the section of the SS called Ahnenerbe from 1935 until its dissolution as a criminal organization . …

Ernst Schäfer

Ernst Schäfer ( Cologne , 14 March as as 1910 – Bad Bevensen , 21 as July as 1992 ) was a famous hunter and zoologist German , specializing in ornithology . He studied zoology and geology at the University of Gottingen , and joined the SS in 1933. He made three expeditions to Tibet …

Ahnenerbe

The Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte, Deutsches Ahnenerbe eV 1 (translated from German as “Society for Research and Training in the German Ancestral Heritage”), known as the Ahnenerbe or also SS-Ahnenerbe was an entity pseudoscientific German formally constituted in 1935 by leaders and Ideologues of the German National Socialist Workers’ Party to carry out and disseminate research …

Superior race

Superior race and inferior race are concepts linked to race , which are applied according to pseudoscientific criteria to differentiate supposedly human races understood as superior or inferior . Both among the historical civilizations and among the primitive cultures studied by anthropology , 1 it has frequently been the identification of the human community itself …

Untermensch

Untermensch (“subhuman” or “subhuman” in German ) is a term used by the Nazi ideology to refer to what this ideology considered “inferior people”, particularly the Eastern masses, ie Jews , Gypsies and Slavic peoples , Mainly Poles , Serbs and later also Russians . This concept has also been used for blacks and mixed …

Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Julius Wagner-Jauregg ( Wels , 7 as March as 1857 – Vienna , 27 September as as 1940 ) was a medical Austrian . He studied at the University of Vienna between 1874 and 1880 and, after obtaining his degree, he was assistant professor of pathology between 1881 and 1882 , and psychiatric clinic ( …

Mischlinge

Mischling is a German word meaning “crossed” or ” hybrid .” It was used in racial laws promulgated by Nazi Germany . Definition The Nazi Party , which took power in Germany in 1933, had among its ideological bases that of anti-Semitism , professed by a part of the German nationalist movement since the mid-nineteenth …

Laws of Nuremberg

The Nuremberg Laws ( Nürnberger Gesetze in German ) were a series of laws of nature racist and anti – Semitic in Nazi Germany adopted unanimously on 15 September 1935 during the seventh annual congress of the NSDAP ( Reichsparteitag ) held in the city of Nuremberg ( Germany ). The laws of Nuremberg were …

Lebensborn

Lebensborn ( German for ‘source of life’) was an organization created in Nazi Germany by SS leader Heinrich Himmler as Lebensborn Eingetragener Verein or Lebensborn Registered Association. His aim was to expand the Aryan race , which was to become the new race of Europe . This organization provided maternity homes and financial assistance to …

Judgment of the doctors

The judgment of physicians (officially, United States of America v. Karl Brandt, et al. ) Was the first twelve trials for war crimes and crimes against humanity carried out by the US authorities in its occupation zone in Nuremberg , Germany , after the end of World War II . These trials, collectively known as …

Viktor Brack

Viktor Brack ( Haaren , (now part of Aachen ), 9 of November of 1904 – Landsberg am Lech , 2 of June of 1948 ) was a physician Nazi organizer Program euthanasia Aktion T4 , by which the Nazi state systematically murdered People with disabilities . He was later responsible for the gassing of …

Bastards of Rhineland

Bastards of Rhineland is the denomination that was used in the Nazi Germany to call the children descendants of the mixture of Africans and Germans. According to racist Nazi theories, they represented a minority minority and were susceptible to a sterilization campaign to prevent them from eventually mingling with the general population and spreading and …

Aryans

Ario is a word derived from Sanskrit ārya . 3 Note 1 The cognate Avestan of the Sanskrit term is airya and the ancient Persian equivalent is ariya . It has been widely held that the term was used as an ethnic self-designation of protoindoiranios . From the nineteenth century , the term protoindoiranio was …

Eugenics Nazi

The Nazi eugenics was a series of social policies that placed the improvement of the race through eugenics at the center of their concerns. It was addressed to those humans whom the Nazis identified as a ” life unworthy of being lived ” (in German , Lebensunwertes Leben ), including but not limited to criminals …

Fritz Fischer (Nazi doctor)

Fritz Ernst Fischer ( Berlin , 5 of October of 1912 – Ingelheim am Rhein , 2003 ) was a physician German who participated in the Nazi human experimentation on prisoners ofRavensbrück concentration camp . Biography Fischer studied medicine , first in Bonn , then in Berlin and Leipzig . Finally, he graduated in Hamburg …

Hermann Becker-Freyseng

Hermann Becker-Freyseng ( Ludwigshafen , 18 of July of 1910 – Heidelberg , 27 of August of 1961 ) was a physician Nazi and consultant Aviation Medicine in the Luftwaffe . He was recognized as a senior aviation medicine specialist 1 Becker-Freyseng was one of the defendants in the Doctors’ Trial . 2 First investigations …

Christian Wirth

Christian Wirth ( Obersalzheim , Württemberg , 24 of November of 1885 – near Hrpelje-Kozina , today Slovenia , 26 of maypole of 1944 ) was an officer of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and the German police. He was commander of the Bełżec extermination camp and one of the main architects of the program to exterminate …

Franz Stangl

Franz Paul Stangl ( Altmünster , 26 of March of 1908 – Düsseldorf , 28 of June of 1971 ) was an official Nazi of the SS and active participant in the Holocaust of World War II . He was commander of the Sobibór and Treblinka extermination camps during Operation Reinhard ‘s call . He …