The term bulicidium is a parasympathetic word first used in 2001 by Neil Marr and Tim Field in his book Bullycide: Death at Playtime . 1 It refers to the suicide attributable to the victim having suffered psychological harassment , having been intimidated, either in person or through social media. 2
It has also been defined as the death of the victim’s aggressor. 3
The term – previously used with less diffusion – has come to prominence thanks to the high number of teenage suicides advertised in the US. At the end of 2010, as well as its use by celebrities such as Lady Gaga and Kim Kardashian 4 5 6
In response to the deaths related to bullying in 2010, in particular those related to cyberbullying , an online event, Spirit Day, was created in which participants are asked to use purple as a symbol of respect for The deceased victims of bullying and means the opposition to bullying of the LGBT community .
Legal analysts criticize the term because it links one cause with an effect under the control of another. Research shows that those who are bullied are more likely to consider or carry out suicide than those who are not. However, there are victims of bullying who do not end up committing suicide, and some of them share their experiences in order to send a positive message to victims of harassment that suicide is not the only option. In 2010 there were at least 34 suicides attributed to bullicide. That number may be very low because some incidents may be erroneously reported as BULLYING
Bullying in the Media
According to studies conducted by Enrique Alducin in the book “Values of Mexicans”, a person in the 50’s formed their values based on the following influences: 45% family, 23% school, 5% media , 15% religion and 12% environment. For the 80’s, this situation changed radically, leaving as follows: 27% family, 24% school, 23% media, 8% religion and 18% environment.
And in 2010, given the socioeconomic and cultural conditions in which both parents work and remain outside the home for long hours, the influence factors are modified and the family, religious and school nuclei give way as personality trainers and axes of sociability To the media, remaining as follows: 18% family, 20% school, 43% media, 5% religion and 14% environment. With this we can say that today the media are a strong influence on children. 1
The media are also a means by which children learn bullying, trying to imitate certain characters or actions of violence that at first sight is funny but influences a lot in the behavior of children. That is why the media must be more aware of controlling the content they broadcast or publish.
The media, especially television, continually expose us to violence, both real (television news) and fiction (films or series), and for this reason are considered as one of the main causes of violence in children and young people .
But not only in television we can find this type of bullying, other means are Internet showing videos and images, and messages through the cell phone, nowadays with the advancement of technology are more examples of bullying that is why the Should be more aware of what they publish or transmit since they are a great influence on all children.
With this problem so great the media have created several applications one of the most recognized is BOTTLE OF BULLYING, DO NOT STAY CALLED. The Basta Bullying campaign was launched as a result of research that shows that millions of children are affected by bullying at the regional level and that this is a major concern of parents, educators, experts and children themselves. A recent regional report by the nongovernmental organization, Plan International, and UNICEF estimates that between 50% and 70% of elementary and high school children have been witnesses or victims of bullying.
Today, Cartoon Network and its regional partners invited students and adults throughout Latin America to sign a commitment against bullying and act together to stop bullying in schools.
Cartoon Network’s partners: Facebook, Plan International, World Vision and the Ministry of Education of the Federal District of Mexico, along with the sister channel of Cartoon Network, Boomerang, participate in the promotion of this commitment. With your help, the Basta de bullying campaign, do not be silly now integrates television, online media and social networks and programs related to education and community throughout Latin America, helping to protect children and youth from bullying so much Within schools as in their online life. 2
In conclusion it can be said that the media have a great influence on the behavior of children both positive and negative with respect to bullying, I would just say BASTE DE BULLYING, DO NOT STAY CALLED.
Coinciding almost in time with the case of Amanda Todd, a study has just been presented at the annual conference of the American Academy of Pediatrics that examines 41 cases of children 13 to 18 years of age in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia Who committed suicide after suffering cyberbullying. The study indicates that most of these adolescents had been bullied both inside and outside the Net.
24% of adolescents were victims of homophobic bullying, half of them being openly homosexual and half as heterosexual or without defined sexual preference.
They have also detected an increase in the number of suicides of this type in recent years (2011 and 2012).
Thirty-two percent had detected mood disorder and an additional 15% had been detected in particular depression.
The study concludes that although cyberbullying is present in many of these cases, there are almost always other factors such as face-to-face bullying or mental illness.
According to a study carried out in 25 countries and recently published by Microsoft, Spain stands at a global level in terms of cyberbullying. The analysis, performed among 7,600 boys between 8 and 17 years, shows that they are very sensitized around this problem.
Thus, the study reveals that 63% of Spanish children claim to know a lot or something about cyberbullying (knowledge somewhat higher than the average of the 25 countries analyzed: 58%) and up to 81% confesses concerned about it. 19% of those surveyed admit to harassing someone on the Internet. Among 37% of Spanish youths who are cyber-couriers, 17% admit to being unfriendly, 13% are teased and 19% are insulted. In addition, the chances of being a victim of this online bullying are doubled when it is also a harasser: the harassment rate among those who mock or threaten third parties scale up to 74% versus 37% of those who do not.
Seventy-one percent of parents routinely talk to their children about the risks of the Internet, and almost 60% teach them how to navigate safely while 67% of parents directly monitor their children’s use of computer. This use, if intense, exposes the child to greater risks, according to the report: more than half of those surveyed say they are harassed when they surf the Internet more than 10 hours a week, compared to the 29% harassment rate of those They sail less.
As for other countries the report gives the following incidence data: • China: 70%. • Singapore: 58%. • India: 53%. • Argentina: 52%.
The average of the 25 sampled countries indicates that only 29% of children ever talk about this issue with their parents and only 17% of them have established a clear set of rules to avoid negative aspects on the Internet.
Bullying is a problem in Mexico, where the number of cases has increased by 10% over the last two years, according to figures from the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH). In 2011, the CNDH – an autonomous government body – reported that 30% of primary school students reported suffering from some form of bullying. By 2013, the percentage rose to 40%. With this figure, according to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Mexico reached the first international place in this problem, since 18 million 781,875 primary and secondary school students, both in public and private schools, suffer from bullying. Some cases known this year came to the media by videos recorded by the same students and uploaded to social networks like YouTube. One of them is that of a child from Hermosillo, Sonora, who squeezes the neck of one of her companions until she is still. That was the outcome of a fight that had begun minutes before and in which no school authority intervened. “You’re a man, Shana,” says a companion to the young man who staged the incident. “Go back and slap the girl,” says another child to Shana, the alleged assailant. The fact, investigated by local authorities, was recorded with a cell phone by another student and posted on YouTube. The aggression against a girl of Mixtec origin in a secondary school in the Federal District was also recorded and uploaded to the same social network. The girl’s mother reported the assault, which left scabs on her face and beat her daughter, and the capital’s attorney general’s office quoted the relatives of the alleged assailants to disclose responsibilities and investigate the facts. The study Bullying or bullying, carried out in August 2011 by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), revealed that 25.3% of students in basic education have been insulted or threatened by their peers, while the 16.7% % Has been beaten and 44.7% have experienced some violence. According to the ECLAC, between the ages of seven and 14 the most violent attitudes in children are presented. In Mexico, 11% of Mexican elementary students have stolen or threatened a partner, and 7% have done so in secondary school, the study indicates. Beyond the scratches Bullying has not only been left behind in bumps and injuries. In some cases it has even gone to the death of minors. Luis Antonio Guerra and Andrés Barba Olivas, both 15, were kidnapped and killed because they “mistreated and mocked” the son of a suspected narco-trafficker in Jalisco, according to the authorities of the state of western Mexico. The young people and the son of Jose Angel Carrasco Colonel, El Changel, were school companions. Luis and Andrés were deceived to a commercial square and from there they were transferred to a farm where they were assassinated, indicated the state prosecution then. In another case in Jalisco, an elementary student who suffered harassment from his comrades died days after an assault, although authorities concluded that this was not the cause of his death. His father, Efrain Ortiz, said that before he fell seriously ill, the minor reported that a school boy had put his head in a toilet, so the parents filed a complaint with the Public Ministry. After 20 days in hospital, authorities determined that the child died of viral encephalitis and not as a result of assaults at school, as the family reported. The parents did not agree with the investigations, because they could not explain how the child was infected with the virus. According to the Citizen Observatory of Justice, another form of harassment is “the collection of floor” or “collection of quotas” in primary and secondary, practices that children imitate organized crime. Some minors charge their mates from 50 cents to five pesos for allowing them to pass to the toilets or not to intimidate them during recess periods by taking away their breakfast, according to experts of the organization. These behaviors have been detected mainly in schools in the northern states of the country, such as Nuevo Leon, Baja California and Coahuila, and recently in Jalisco, where criminal groups charge fees to employers and merchants not to attack their businesses, according to Mexican authorities .
It is well known that any human being has the right to not be disturbed or to interfere with their personal safety. This is typified as a crime in a legal framework, but today the Mexican authorities have not established bulicide as such. As society, we have only to educate our children and young people under the principle of freedom of expression. Together we must express limits and in the same way implement services with authorities trained for the social tranquility of our people.
Legal framework in Mexico
The Federal District Attorney’s Office and the Ministry of Education of the Federal District signed an agreement to reduce the phenomenon of school maltreatment. The aggression among students will be treated, in some cases, as a crime, so it was announced the creation of the Specialized Unit for the care of students under 18 who are victims of illicit activities. This ministerial agency will be attached to the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Crimes against Minors
- Back to top↑ Marr, Neil; Field, Tim (January 30, 2001). Bullycide: Death at Playtime (1 issue). Success Unlimited. ISBN 978-0-9529121-2-5 .
- Back to top↑ Bender, Joyce (April 28, 2008). “Bullycide: The Only Escape for Some Brutalized Children with Disabilities .” The Cutting Edge . Retrieved on October 24, 2010 . “The attempted suicide due to being bullied in school is a surprising and sometimes unexplained choice that many young people are making today in middle and high schools across the country. This tragic form of death, known as bullicide, is triggered by incessant intimidation and depression. Neil Marr and the late Tim Field coined for the first time the term in their book, bullicide : Death in Play Time.
- Back to top↑ M, Ronald; Shiromoto, Frank N (October 30, 2009). The Encyclopedia of Trauma and Traumatic Stress Disorders (Facts on File Library of Health and Living) . Facts on File. Pp. 65-66. ISBN 978-0-8160-6764-0 . ” Bullycide is a slang term that refers to the murder of a bully by the victim, which is very rare” ( Bulicide is a colloquial term referring to the murder of a bully by the victim, which is very rare).
- Back to top↑ «Kentucky Family Sues School In” Bullycide “Of Son» . WiredPRNews.com – Law. July 4, 2008 . Retrieved on October 24, 2010 . “A Kentucky family has sued the principal of Allen Central Middle School in Floyd County, Kentucky, and school district officials for the bullycide of their 13-year old son. Stephen Lawrence Patton, an 8th grader at Allen Central Middle School, died of a self-inflicted gun shot wound to the head on November 28, 2007. »
- Back to top↑ LaSalle, Reneé (November 16, 2009). “No Charges in Murray County High School” Bullycide “Case .” WDEF News . Retrieved on October 24, 2010 . «Chatsworth say no charges will be filed in the Bully-cide death of Murray County Junior High School.»
- Back to top↑ Sikora, Kate (July 31, 2008). «Signs that can help you save your child | The Daily Telegraph . The Daily Telegraph (Australia) . Retrieved on October 24, 2010 . ” PSYCHOLOGISTS are warning parents to arm their children against bullying before they start school” bullycide “becomes one of the biggest issues facing the education system. (Psychologists are warning parents to prepare their children against bullying before school starts before bullying becomes one of the biggest problems facing the education system.)