Alan Louis Charles Bullock , Bullock Baron ( 13 of December of 1914 – 2 of February of 2004 ) was a historian British , famous for his work biography of Adolf Hitler . 1
Alan Bullock was born in Trowbridge , in the county of Wiltshire , England , where his father worked gardening and grazing. 1 Won schooling at Wadham College , the University of Oxford , where he studied history and modern classical period. After graduating, in 1938 , he worked as research assistant for Winston Churchill , when he wrote his ” History of the English-speaking “. During World War II Bullock worked for the BBC . After the war he returned to Oxford as a historic member of the New College of Oxford . 1
He was founder of St. Catherine’s College of Oxford, a college for undergraduate and graduate students, divided between science and arts students. For the foundation he used great credits. 2 He was later full-time vice-rector of Oxford University . 3
In 1952 , Bullock published ” Hitler: A Study of tyranny “, the first comprehensive biography of Hitler , based on the transcripts of the Nuremberg trials . The book was focused on Hitler’s scholarly studies, characterizing Hitler as an opportunist politician. According to Bullock, Hitler was a charlatan, an adventurer lacking in principles, beliefs or scruples whose actions throughout his career were motivated solely by a desire for power. Bullock’s point of view led him to argue with Hugh Trevor-Roper in the 1950s , who argued that Hitler did possess beliefs, however disgusting, and his actions were motivated by them. 4
In the following years, Bullock partly changed his look on Hitler taking a more eclectic stance. His subsequent works show a much more ideological Hitler, who pursues the ideas expressed in Mein Kampf despite its consequences. This view was widely accepted, particularly in relation to the Holocaust . 5
In 1985 he wrote ” The Humanist Tradition in the West ” and ” Life and Time by Ernest Bevin, ” a three-volume biography of British Labor Party Minister Ernest Bevin . 6 7 He was also editor of The Harper Dictionary of Modern Thought ( 1977 ). 8 9
In the mid-1970s Bullock produced an influential report on reading and teaching English : A Language for Life , published in 1975. 4 10
Bullock was during his life supporter of the moderate wing of the Labor party and his ideas influenced his works. In the 1970s he worked on a commission created by the Labor Party on co-management . The resulting report received some support but also opposition from the unions and was never implemented.
In the following years he published ” Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives ” ( 1991 ), a comparative work between two regimes of antithetical nature. 11 American writer Ronald Spector , in an article in the Washington Post , praised Bullock’s ability to write on the development of Nazism and communism Soviet five without falling into generalization and atrocious detail. 12
Bullock was knighted in 1972 , becoming Sir Alan Bullock. 13 And in 1976 was invested Baron Bullock, although in its works continued appearing its original name. 1
In May of 1976 he was awarded the honorary degree of the Open University as doctor of the university. 14
- Hitler: A Study in Tyranny . London 1952 (Spanish Hitler, Study on Tyranny , Droste, Düsseldorf 1953).
- History, Civilization from its Beginnings . London 1962.
- Mother Russia (deutsch Russland, gestern und heute , Humboldt, Munich 1971).
- Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives . 1991 (deutsch Hitler und Stalin, Parallele Leben , Siedler, Berlin 1991). 15 16 17 18
- ↑ Saltar a:a b c d «Alan Louis Charles Bullock biography – British historian». Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Consultado el 21 de mayo de 2015.
- Back to top↑ Europa Publications (2003). The International Who’s Who: 2004 . Psychology Press. Pp. 244-. ISBN 978-1-85743-217-6 . Retrieved on March 25, 2013 .
- Back to top↑ «Previous Vice-Chancellors» . University of Oxford, UK . Retrieved on July 13, 2011 .
- ↑ Jump to:a b Frankland, Mark. Lord Bullock of Leafield , The Guardian . 3 February 2004.
- ↑ Jump to:a b Bernstein, Adam (February 4, 2004). The Washington Post, ed. “Historian, wrote books on Hitler” (in English) .
- Back to top↑ Keith G. Robbins (1996). A Bibliography of British History: 1914-1989 . Oxford University Press. Pp. 31-. ISBN 978-0-19-822496-9 . Retrieved on March 25, 2013 .
- Back to top↑ Craig, Gordon A. (1986). “Review of Ernest Bevin, Foreign Secretary, 1945-1951 .” The Journal of Modern History 58 (1): 312-314 . Retrieved on 12/26/2016 .
- Back to top↑ Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967.
- Back to top^ Soyster, Matthew (1978). «Our Times, Our Words» . Change 10 (6): 70-72 . Retrieved on 12/26/2016 .
- Back to top↑ RCS Trahair (1994). From Aristotelian to Reaganomics: A Dictionary of Eponyms with Biographies in the Social Sciences . Greenwood Publishing Group. Pp. 93-. ISBN 978-0-313-27961-4 . Retrieved on March 25, 2013 .
- Back to top↑ Alan Bullock, Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives (London: HarperCollins, 1991; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991, second revised edition, New York: Vintage Books, 1993.
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- Video on YouTube
- Back to top↑ The Peerage, ed. (October 10, 2016). “A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe” (in English) .
- Back to top↑ «Honorary Graduate Cumulative List» . Open University. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014 . Accessed October 7, 2014 .
- Back to top↑ Fusi Aizpurúa, Juan P. (1995). “Review of Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives” . Yesterday (18): 78-81 . Retrieved on 12/26/2016 .
- Back to top↑ Bonwetsch, Bernd (1992). «Review of Hitler und Stalin. Parallele Leben ‘ . Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas 40 (4): 597-599 . Consulted on 12/26/2016 .
- Back to top↑ Zitelmann, Rainer (1993). «Review of Hitler und Stalin. Parallele Leben ‘ . Historische Zeitschrift 257 (2): 538-540 . Retrieved on 12/26/2016 .
- Back to top↑ Jesse, Eckhard (1993). Review of Hitler and Stalin . Der Staat 32 (1): 153-155 . Retrieved on 12/26/2016 .