The abortion in the Czech Republic is legal during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, with medical indications up to 24 weeks of pregnancy , in case of serious problems with the fetus at any time. Those effected by medical indications are covered by public health insurance, but, otherwise, abortion is relatively affordable in the Czech Republic . In Czech language , induced abortion is known as interrupce o umělé přerušení těhotenství , colloquially potrat (“spontaneous abortion”).
In 1957 abortion was legalized in Czechoslovakia , although with restrictions that depended on the policy of government on duty. In 1986 the restrictions were lifted resulting in the growth of the number of abortions.
Since 1993, abortions for non-medical reasons have not been funded by the public health system. The maximum rate of abortions was reached in 1990 with about 100 000 per year, but has been declining steadily ever since, achieving less than 1/3 of the maximum level in 2004. The reasons for this decline included the increased availability of methods of contraception And better sex education .
The total number of abortions in 2009 was 40 528, of which 14 629 (ie 3.1%) were spontaneous abortions, 24 636 (60.79%) induced abortions (historically the smallest number of cases), of which 77% were miniinterruptions. Within 8 weeks of pregnancy). 1,300 of ectopic pregnancies were aborted. 1 2 The number of total abortions per woman is 0.53, induced abortion is 0.34.
As of 2010, the abortion rate was 10.7 per 1,000 women aged 15-44. 3
At the regional level, the largest proportion of abortions is in the north and northwest of Bohemia because of the population structure (in 2002 in the Tachov district 31.3% of abortions were induced). The lowest proportions are in rural districts of southern Moravia and the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands (in 2002 in the district of Žďár nad Sázavou 15.5% of the abortions were induced). 4 Abortion rates in large industrial cities are generally higher compared to those in small cities and in the countryside.
Married women make up the largest segment but their proportion is decreasing in favor of single young women. Women with tertiary education have about 6% of induced abortions. In 2009 7.5% of the women were foreigners living in the Czech Republic. Official statistics on abortion tourism (mainly from neighboring Poland where induced abortion is strictly limited by law) do not exist, but numbers are estimated to be low.
The public in the Czech Republic generally supports the legalization of abortion. This has been confirmed by several opinion polls .
- In April 2003, a CDC / ORC Macro report examined views on abortion among women aged 15-44, asking, “Do you think a woman always has the right to decide about her pregnancy, including the decision to Have an abortion? ” In 1993, 85% of Czechs surveyed thought that a woman always had the right to abortion and 15% did not. Of those 15%, 91% believe that abortion is acceptable in life-threatening cases, 74% in cases of fetal defects, 72% in cases of health risk, 71% in cases of rape , 16% if the family could not financially support a child, and 8% if the woman was single. 5
- A Euro RSCG / TNS Sofres survey in May 2005 examined attitudes towards abortion in 10 European countries, asking correspondents whether they agreed with the statement: “If a woman does not want to have children, she should be allowed an abortion “. 66% of Czechs said ” a lot”, 15% answered “somewhat”, 8% answered “not really” and 10% answered “not at all”. Support for the availability of abortion in the Czech Republic, at 81 per cent, was the highest among all participating nations in the survey. 6
- In May 2007, a CVVM survey found that 72% of Czechs believe that abortion should be allowed “at the request of women,” 19% should be allowed for “social reasons,” the 5% that should be Allowed only if “women’s health is at risk”, 1% that it should be “banned”. 7
- In a Pew Research Center survey of 2013, when asked about the morality of abortion, 49% of respondents in the Czech Republic said that abortion is morally acceptable and 19% said it was unacceptable. Referring to Fig.
- Legislation on the practice of abortion in the world
- Debate on abortion
- Back to top↑ «Potraty v roce 2009» (PDF) (in czech) . Ústav zdravotnických informací a statistiky (Office of Medical Information and Statistics) . Consulted on 2010-05-06 .
- Back to top↑ «Potraty 2009 v číslech» . [Vitalia.cz] (in czech) . [IInfo.cz]. 2010-05-05. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010 . Consulted on 2010-05-06 .
- Back to top↑ «World Abortion Policies 2013» . United Nations. 2013 . Retrieved on March 3, 2014 .
- Back to top↑ “Regional ratios of induced abortions in 2002” .
- Back to top↑ Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health in Eastern Europe and Eurasia: A Comparative Report.
- Back to top↑ TNS Sofres.
- Back to top↑ Most in Abortion Rights Support Czech Republic.
- Back to top↑ «Global Views on Morality | Pew Research Center ‘ . Pewglobal.org. 2014-04-15 . Consulted on 2016-04-09 .