Abortion in France

The abortion in France , based on induced abortion or abortion is legal in France at the request of women in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy (first trimester).

Abortion was decriminalized since the adoption of the Veil Act passed in 1975 and promoted by Simone Veil which complements the Neuwirth Act of 1972 on contraceptive methods . 1

After the first trimester, two doctors must certify that abortion can be practiced to prevent serious permanent injuries to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman, because of the risk to the life of the pregnant woman, or that the child suffers from a recognized serious illness As incurable.

Historical data of abortion induced in France

The induced abortion was criminalized in France with the promulgation of the Napoleonic Code or Civil Code of France in 1804 .

During the Nazi occupation during World War II , the Vichy regime made the practice of abortion punishable by capital punishment . The last execution took place in 1942. After the war, the death penalty to punish the practice of abortion was abolished just as special courts were created to deal with abortion cases.

Illegal abortion rates remained fairly high during the postwar period. Since 1967, the date of legalization of abortion in the United Kingdom, a growing number of women have begun to travel to Aborigin and not to be penalized.

Veil Law

Main article: Ley Veil

In France abortion was legalized in 1975, 1 on request, initially until the tenth week to extend until the twelfth week of pregnancy in 2001 . 1 2

Since 1982, abortions have taken place in the French social security system. 3

Abortion scheduling is done, if the 12-week limit allows, one week after the request of the pregnant woman, in case of being near the limit that period can be shortened.

After the twelfth week, two physicians must certify that a woman’s health is in danger or there is a high probability that the fetus will suffer from a serious non-curable illness, otherwise abortion is considered illegal. Since 1994, French law requires that multidisciplinary diagnostic centers certify that birth defects are severe enough to perform the abortion after 12 weeks. 4

Abortion with medication in France

Main article: Abortion with drugs

France was the first country to legalize abortifacient use of mifepristone , initially known as RU-486 , in 1988. Its use as an abortifacient is permitted up to seven weeks of pregnancy. According to one estimate, a quarter of all abortions induced in France are abortions with drugs and in them mifepristone is used.

References

  1. ↑ Jump to:a b c WebDoc IEP: Texte intégral de la loi Veil de 1975
  2. Back to top↑ Code de la santé publique
  3. Back to top↑ Loi n ° 82-1172 du 31 décembre 1982 RELATIVE TO LA COUVERTURE DES FRAIS AFFERENTS A L’INTERRUPTION VOLONTAIRE DE GROSSESSE NON THERAPEUTIQUE ET AUX MODALITES DE FINANCEMENT DE CETTE MESURE
  4. Back to top↑ Code de la santé publique L2213-1