Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg

Berthold Schenk Graf v. Stauffenberg ( Stuttgart , Germany , 15 of March of 1905 – Berlin , Plötzensee ; October of August of 1944 ) was a lawyer belonging to an old family Catholic region of Bavaria , older brother of Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg and conspirator Bombing 20 Of July 1944 against Hitler .

Biography

Berthold von Stauffenfenberg was together with his twin brother Alexander Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, the eldest of the four brothers of the family of the high Prussian aristocracy formed by Count Alfred Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg and Countess Caroline née von Üxküll-Gyllenband. The third brother, named Konrad Maria passed away at birth, Claus was his third brother born in Jettinger in 1907.

Berthold von Stauffenfenberg together with his brothers belonged to the German Youth Movement and to the intimate circle of the poet Stefan George .

He studied law at the University of Tübingen and graduated as a lawyer in International Law and later taught at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in his specialty.

Later between 1930 and 1932, it worked in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague and return to the Institute in 1933 remaining until 1938.

He met and married in 1936 with Maria Classen and they had two children.

German resistance

His uncle, Nikolaus Graf von Üxküll-Gyllenband , was one of the first members of the family to join the German resistance. After the Night of the Long Knives , he joined the German resistance along with his cousin. Peter Yorck von Wartenburg . 1 His brother Claus would only join the conspiratorial military faction in 1943 after being seriously wounded in combat in Africa.

In 1939, he joined as a legal advisor (judge of military competence) in International Law to the German Navy. Berthold with his brother joined the conspirators against Hitler to plan an attack. Berthold was in favor of overthrowing Hitler’s government and disagreed with assassination, contrary to the radical thinking of his brother, Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg .

After the July 20 bombing , Berthold von Stauffenberg was arrested by the German police on the same day. While the Gestapo questioned Berthold v. His brother Claus was shot by order of General Fromm in an inner court of Bendlerblock.

It was included inside the Volksgerichtshof (People’s Court) presided over by the infamous judge Roland Freisler and condemned to the gallows the 10 of August of 1944.

References

  1. Back to top↑ German Resistance Memorial